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Title: An experimental and numerical study of the light scattering properties of ice crystals with black carbon inclusions

Abstract

Here, we investigate the optical properties of ice crystals nucleated on atmospheric black carbon (BC). The parameters examined in this study are the shape of the ice crystal, the volume fraction of the BC inclusion, and its location inside the crystal. We report on new spectrometer measurements of forward scattering and backward polarization from ice crystals nucleated on BC particles and grown under laboratory-controlled conditions. Data from the Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer with Polarization (CASPOL) are used for direct comparison with single-particle calculations of the scattering phase matrix. Geometrical optics and discrete dipole approximation techniques are jointly used to provide the best compromise of flexibility and accuracy over a broad range of size parameters. Together with the interpretation of the trends revealed by the CASPOL measurements, the numerical results confirm previous reports on absorption cross-section magnification in the visible light range. Even taking into account effects of crystal shape and inclusion position, the ratio between absorption cross-section of the compound particle and the absorption cross-section of the BC inclusion alone (the absorption magnification) has a lower bound of 1.5; this value increases to 1.7 if the inclusion is centered with respect to the crystal. The simple model of BC-ice particlemore » presented here also offers new insights on the effect of the relative position of the BC inclusion with respect to the crystal's outer surfaces, the shape of the crystal, and its size.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Independent Scholar, Albany, NY (United States)
  3. Climate Corporation, San Francisco, CA (United States)
  4. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1496983
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-1361J
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4073; 672391
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 211; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4073
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Arienti, Marco, Geier, Manfred, Yang, Xiaoyuan, Orcutt, John, Zenker, Jake, and Brooks, Sarah D. An experimental and numerical study of the light scattering properties of ice crystals with black carbon inclusions. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.02.028.
Arienti, Marco, Geier, Manfred, Yang, Xiaoyuan, Orcutt, John, Zenker, Jake, & Brooks, Sarah D. An experimental and numerical study of the light scattering properties of ice crystals with black carbon inclusions. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.02.028.
Arienti, Marco, Geier, Manfred, Yang, Xiaoyuan, Orcutt, John, Zenker, Jake, and Brooks, Sarah D. Fri . "An experimental and numerical study of the light scattering properties of ice crystals with black carbon inclusions". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.02.028. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1496983.
@article{osti_1496983,
title = {An experimental and numerical study of the light scattering properties of ice crystals with black carbon inclusions},
author = {Arienti, Marco and Geier, Manfred and Yang, Xiaoyuan and Orcutt, John and Zenker, Jake and Brooks, Sarah D.},
abstractNote = {Here, we investigate the optical properties of ice crystals nucleated on atmospheric black carbon (BC). The parameters examined in this study are the shape of the ice crystal, the volume fraction of the BC inclusion, and its location inside the crystal. We report on new spectrometer measurements of forward scattering and backward polarization from ice crystals nucleated on BC particles and grown under laboratory-controlled conditions. Data from the Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer with Polarization (CASPOL) are used for direct comparison with single-particle calculations of the scattering phase matrix. Geometrical optics and discrete dipole approximation techniques are jointly used to provide the best compromise of flexibility and accuracy over a broad range of size parameters. Together with the interpretation of the trends revealed by the CASPOL measurements, the numerical results confirm previous reports on absorption cross-section magnification in the visible light range. Even taking into account effects of crystal shape and inclusion position, the ratio between absorption cross-section of the compound particle and the absorption cross-section of the BC inclusion alone (the absorption magnification) has a lower bound of 1.5; this value increases to 1.7 if the inclusion is centered with respect to the crystal. The simple model of BC-ice particle presented here also offers new insights on the effect of the relative position of the BC inclusion with respect to the crystal's outer surfaces, the shape of the crystal, and its size.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jqsrt.2018.02.028},
journal = {Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer},
issn = {0022-4073},
number = C,
volume = 211,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
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