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Title: Structural features of ISG borosilicate nuclear waste glasses revealed from high-energy X-ray diffraction and molecular dynamics simulations

Abstract

Vitrification is a widely accepted method to immobilize nuclear waste. Detailed structural information is critical to understand the physical and chemical behaviors, including the long-term chemical durability of these glasses that are to be stored in geological storage sites. High-energy X-ray diffraction studies are used to obtain accurate structural information of the International Simple Glass (ISG), a six-component borosilicate model nuclear waste glass with a composition (mol%) of 60.2SiO 2-16.0B 2O 3-12.6Na 2O-3.8Al 2O 3-5.7CaO-1.7ZrO 2. Classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with recently developed effective potentials are utilized to generate structural models of the ISG glasses to provide interpretation of the high-energy X-ray structural data and additional short and medium range structural details. The atomic structure model generated from MD simulations shows an excellent agreement with high-energy X-ray diffraction, measured for the first time for ISG, with an R x value of 5.5%. Systematic investigations of the medium-range structural features of ISG are performed, built upon recent study of the short-range structure. In particular, the glass former cation oxygen polyhedral analysis show that [SiO 4]-[SiO 4] and [BO 4]-[SiO 4] connections are the most abundant while [ZrO 6] octohedra having higher probability to connect to another [SiO 4], [BO 4]more » and [BO 3]. Moreover, we have studied the ISG surface structure using MD simulations. Noticeable differences in terms of both chemical compositions and structural features between the bulk and surface are observed. There exist increased small-sized rings, under coordinated Si species, high 3-coordinated boron content (86.5%) on the surface. Very importantly, sodium ions are found to be enriched on the glass surface, consistent with recent experimental results. Furthermore, both bulk and surface structural information are discussed in terms of the dissolution and corrosion mechanisms of ISG and related nuclear waste glasses.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Performance and Design of Nuclear Waste Forms and Containers (WastePD); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1496216
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1547930
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; SC0016584
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 515; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; glass structure; high-energy X-ray diffraction; molecular dynamics (MD) simulation; nuclear waste glass; surface properties

Citation Formats

Lu, Xiaonan, Ren, Mengguo, Deng, Lu, Benmore, Chris J., and Du, Jincheng. Structural features of ISG borosilicate nuclear waste glasses revealed from high-energy X-ray diffraction and molecular dynamics simulations. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.12.041.
Lu, Xiaonan, Ren, Mengguo, Deng, Lu, Benmore, Chris J., & Du, Jincheng. Structural features of ISG borosilicate nuclear waste glasses revealed from high-energy X-ray diffraction and molecular dynamics simulations. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.12.041
Lu, Xiaonan, Ren, Mengguo, Deng, Lu, Benmore, Chris J., and Du, Jincheng. Wed . "Structural features of ISG borosilicate nuclear waste glasses revealed from high-energy X-ray diffraction and molecular dynamics simulations". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.12.041. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1496216.
@article{osti_1496216,
title = {Structural features of ISG borosilicate nuclear waste glasses revealed from high-energy X-ray diffraction and molecular dynamics simulations},
author = {Lu, Xiaonan and Ren, Mengguo and Deng, Lu and Benmore, Chris J. and Du, Jincheng},
abstractNote = {Vitrification is a widely accepted method to immobilize nuclear waste. Detailed structural information is critical to understand the physical and chemical behaviors, including the long-term chemical durability of these glasses that are to be stored in geological storage sites. High-energy X-ray diffraction studies are used to obtain accurate structural information of the International Simple Glass (ISG), a six-component borosilicate model nuclear waste glass with a composition (mol%) of 60.2SiO2-16.0B2O3-12.6Na2O-3.8Al2O3-5.7CaO-1.7ZrO2. Classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with recently developed effective potentials are utilized to generate structural models of the ISG glasses to provide interpretation of the high-energy X-ray structural data and additional short and medium range structural details. The atomic structure model generated from MD simulations shows an excellent agreement with high-energy X-ray diffraction, measured for the first time for ISG, with an Rx value of 5.5%. Systematic investigations of the medium-range structural features of ISG are performed, built upon recent study of the short-range structure. In particular, the glass former cation oxygen polyhedral analysis show that [SiO4]-[SiO4] and [BO4]-[SiO4] connections are the most abundant while [ZrO6] octohedra having higher probability to connect to another [SiO4], [BO4] and [BO3]. Moreover, we have studied the ISG surface structure using MD simulations. Noticeable differences in terms of both chemical compositions and structural features between the bulk and surface are observed. There exist increased small-sized rings, under coordinated Si species, high 3-coordinated boron content (86.5%) on the surface. Very importantly, sodium ions are found to be enriched on the glass surface, consistent with recent experimental results. Furthermore, both bulk and surface structural information are discussed in terms of the dissolution and corrosion mechanisms of ISG and related nuclear waste glasses.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.12.041},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1496216}, journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
issn = {0022-3115},
number = C,
volume = 515,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

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