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Title: Baryon content in a sample of 91 galaxy clusters selected by the South Pole Telescope at 0.2 

Abstract

We estimate total mass (M-500), intracluster medium (ICM) mass (M-ICM), and stellar mass (M-star) in a Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) selected sample of 91 galaxy clusters with masses M-500 greater than or similar to 2.5 x 10(14) M-circle dot and redshift 0.2 < z < 1.25 from the 2500 deg(2) South Pole Telescope SPT-SZ survey. The total masses M-500 are estimated from the SZE observable, the ICM masses M-ICM are obtained from the analysis of Chandra X-ray observations, and the stellar masses M-star are derived by fitting spectral energy distribution templates to Dark Energy Survey griz optical photometry and WISE or Spitzer near-infrared photometry. We study trends in the stellar mass, the ICM mass, the total baryonic mass, and the cold baryonic fraction with cluster halo mass and redshift. We find significant departures from self-similarity in the mass scaling for all quantities, while the redshift trends are all statistically consistent with zero, indicating that the baryon content of clusters at fixed mass has changed remarkably little over the past approximate to 9 Gyr. We compare our results to the mean baryon fraction (and the stellar mass fraction) in the field, finding that these values lie above (below) those in cluster virialmore » regions in all but the most massive clusters at low redshift. Using a simple model of the matter assembly of clusters from infalling groups with lower masses and from infalling material from the low-density environment or field surrounding the parent haloes, we show that the measured mass trends without strong redshift trends in the stellar mass scaling relation could be explained by a mass and redshift dependent fractional contribution from field material. Similar analyses of the ICM and baryon mass scaling relations provide evidence for the so-called 'missing baryons' outside cluster virial regions.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [14];  [3];  [15];  [16];  [17];  [18] more »;  [14];  [3];  [19];  [20];  [21];  [22];  [23];  [24];  [25];  [21];  [24];  [14];  [19];  [18];  [14];  [26];  [27];  [14];  [28];  [29];  [23];  [27];  [30];  [31];  [32];  [21];  [33];  [14];  [34];  [35];  [36];  [37];  [8];  [24];  [38];  [39];  [14];  [18];  [40];  [21];  [41];  [42];  [32];  [43];  [8];  [14];  [21];  [44];  [45];  [46];  [47];  [31];  [48];  [7];  [14];  [49];  [50];  [51];  [12];  [52];  [14];  [53];  [54];  [19];  [7];  [55];  [56];  [50];  [39];  [12];  [57];  [14] « less
  1. Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), 11F of AS/NTU Astronomy-Mathematics Building, No. 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Rd, Taipei 10617, Taiwan; Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  2. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  3. Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
  4. Argonne National Laboratory, High-Energy Physics Division, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
  5. Department of Physics, IIT Hyderabad, Kandi, Telangana 502285, India
  6. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  7. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany
  8. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
  9. Physics Department, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
  10. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510-0500, USA; Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  11. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, 5110 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA
  12. Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
  13. Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, PO Box 94, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa; Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  14. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P. O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
  15. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK; Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, F-75014 Paris, France; Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, UMR 7095, F-75014, Paris, France
  16. Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7095, F-75014 Paris, France; Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, UMR 7095, F-75014, Paris, France
  17. Argonne National Laboratory, High-Energy Physics Division, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  18. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  19. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
  20. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
  21. Observatório Nacional, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil
  22. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
  23. Institute of Space Sciences, IEEC-CSIC, Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
  24. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, P. O. Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  25. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
  26. Department of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA; Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  27. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  28. Instituto de Fisica Teorica UAM/CSIC, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid, Spain
  29. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, 201 Old Main, University Park, PA 16802, USA
  30. Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
  31. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, P. O. Box 2450, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  32. Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, 1002 W. Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA; National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  33. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Universitäts-Sternwarte, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679München, Germany
  34. Department of Physics, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
  35. Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
  36. Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
  37. Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  38. Australian Astronomical Observatory, North Ryde, NSW 2113, Australia
  39. Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439, USA
  40. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Departamento de Física Matemática, Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, São Paulo, SP 05314-970, Brazil
  41. George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
  42. Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
  43. Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain; Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, E-08010 Barcelona, Spain
  44. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
  45. Faculty of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany; Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA; Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA
  46. School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
  47. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pevensey Building, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH, UK
  48. Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain
  49. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  50. Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
  51. Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 1085 S. University Ave., Ann Arbor, MI, USA
  52. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
  53. Laboratório Interinstitucional de e-Astronomia – LIneA, Rua Gal. José Cristino 77, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20921-400, Brazil; Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859 Campinas, SP, Brazil
  54. LSST, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
  55. Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
  56. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 1205 West Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA
  57. Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching, Germany; Universitäts-Sternwarte, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679München, Germany
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science - Office of High Energy Physics; German Research Foundation (DFG); United Kingdom Science and Technology Facilities Council; University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign - National Center for Supercomputing Applications; University of Chicago - Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics; Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI) - Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)
OSTI Identifier:
1496036
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 478; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
galaxies: clusters: stellar masses: ICM masses: baryon fraction: scaling relations

Citation Formats

Chiu, I., Mohr, J. J., McDonald, M., Bocquet, S., Desai, S., Klein, M., Israel, H., Ashby, M. L. N., Stanford, A., Benson, B. A., Brodwin, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Annis, J., Bayliss, M., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Bleem, L., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Bulbul, E., Capasso, R., Carlstrom, J. E., Rosell, A. Carnero, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., García-Bellido, J., Garmire, G., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gonzalez, A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gupta, N., Gutierrez, G., Hlavacek-L, J., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kraft, R., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Murray, S., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Saro, A., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sharon, K., Smith, R. C., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Stalder, B., Stern, C., Strazzullo, V., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., Weller, J., and Zhang, Y. Baryon content in a sample of 91 galaxy clusters selected by the South Pole Telescope at 0.2 . United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty1284.
Chiu, I., Mohr, J. J., McDonald, M., Bocquet, S., Desai, S., Klein, M., Israel, H., Ashby, M. L. N., Stanford, A., Benson, B. A., Brodwin, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Annis, J., Bayliss, M., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Bleem, L., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Bulbul, E., Capasso, R., Carlstrom, J. E., Rosell, A. Carnero, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., García-Bellido, J., Garmire, G., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gonzalez, A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gupta, N., Gutierrez, G., Hlavacek-L, J., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kraft, R., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Murray, S., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Saro, A., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sharon, K., Smith, R. C., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Stalder, B., Stern, C., Strazzullo, V., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., Weller, J., & Zhang, Y. Baryon content in a sample of 91 galaxy clusters selected by the South Pole Telescope at 0.2 . United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty1284.
Chiu, I., Mohr, J. J., McDonald, M., Bocquet, S., Desai, S., Klein, M., Israel, H., Ashby, M. L. N., Stanford, A., Benson, B. A., Brodwin, M., Abbott, T. M. C., Abdalla, F. B., Allam, S., Annis, J., Bayliss, M., Benoit-Lévy, A., Bertin, E., Bleem, L., Brooks, D., Buckley-Geer, E., Bulbul, E., Capasso, R., Carlstrom, J. E., Rosell, A. Carnero, Carretero, J., Castander, F. J., Cunha, C. E., D’Andrea, C. B., da Costa, L. N., Davis, C., Diehl, H. T., Dietrich, J. P., Doel, P., Drlica-Wagner, A., Eifler, T. F., Evrard, A. E., Flaugher, B., García-Bellido, J., Garmire, G., Gaztanaga, E., Gerdes, D. W., Gonzalez, A., Gruen, D., Gruendl, R. A., Gschwend, J., Gupta, N., Gutierrez, G., Hlavacek-L, J., Honscheid, K., James, D. J., Jeltema, T., Kraft, R., Krause, E., Kuehn, K., Kuhlmann, S., Kuropatkin, N., Lahav, O., Lima, M., Maia, M. A. G., Marshall, J. L., Melchior, P., Menanteau, F., Miquel, R., Murray, S., Nord, B., Ogando, R. L. C., Plazas, A. A., Rapetti, D., Reichardt, C. L., Romer, A. K., Roodman, A., Sanchez, E., Saro, A., Scarpine, V., Schindler, R., Schubnell, M., Sharon, K., Smith, R. C., Smith, M., Soares-Santos, M., Sobreira, F., Stalder, B., Stern, C., Strazzullo, V., Suchyta, E., Swanson, M. E. C., Tarle, G., Vikram, V., Walker, A. R., Weller, J., and Zhang, Y. Wed . "Baryon content in a sample of 91 galaxy clusters selected by the South Pole Telescope at 0.2 ". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty1284.
@article{osti_1496036,
title = {Baryon content in a sample of 91 galaxy clusters selected by the South Pole Telescope at 0.2 },
author = {Chiu, I. and Mohr, J. J. and McDonald, M. and Bocquet, S. and Desai, S. and Klein, M. and Israel, H. and Ashby, M. L. N. and Stanford, A. and Benson, B. A. and Brodwin, M. and Abbott, T. M. C. and Abdalla, F. B. and Allam, S. and Annis, J. and Bayliss, M. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Bertin, E. and Bleem, L. and Brooks, D. and Buckley-Geer, E. and Bulbul, E. and Capasso, R. and Carlstrom, J. E. and Rosell, A. Carnero and Carretero, J. and Castander, F. J. and Cunha, C. E. and D’Andrea, C. B. and da Costa, L. N. and Davis, C. and Diehl, H. T. and Dietrich, J. P. and Doel, P. and Drlica-Wagner, A. and Eifler, T. F. and Evrard, A. E. and Flaugher, B. and García-Bellido, J. and Garmire, G. and Gaztanaga, E. and Gerdes, D. W. and Gonzalez, A. and Gruen, D. and Gruendl, R. A. and Gschwend, J. and Gupta, N. and Gutierrez, G. and Hlavacek-L, J. and Honscheid, K. and James, D. J. and Jeltema, T. and Kraft, R. and Krause, E. and Kuehn, K. and Kuhlmann, S. and Kuropatkin, N. and Lahav, O. and Lima, M. and Maia, M. A. G. and Marshall, J. L. and Melchior, P. and Menanteau, F. and Miquel, R. and Murray, S. and Nord, B. and Ogando, R. L. C. and Plazas, A. A. and Rapetti, D. and Reichardt, C. L. and Romer, A. K. and Roodman, A. and Sanchez, E. and Saro, A. and Scarpine, V. and Schindler, R. and Schubnell, M. and Sharon, K. and Smith, R. C. and Smith, M. and Soares-Santos, M. and Sobreira, F. and Stalder, B. and Stern, C. and Strazzullo, V. and Suchyta, E. and Swanson, M. E. C. and Tarle, G. and Vikram, V. and Walker, A. R. and Weller, J. and Zhang, Y.},
abstractNote = {We estimate total mass (M-500), intracluster medium (ICM) mass (M-ICM), and stellar mass (M-star) in a Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) selected sample of 91 galaxy clusters with masses M-500 greater than or similar to 2.5 x 10(14) M-circle dot and redshift 0.2 < z < 1.25 from the 2500 deg(2) South Pole Telescope SPT-SZ survey. The total masses M-500 are estimated from the SZE observable, the ICM masses M-ICM are obtained from the analysis of Chandra X-ray observations, and the stellar masses M-star are derived by fitting spectral energy distribution templates to Dark Energy Survey griz optical photometry and WISE or Spitzer near-infrared photometry. We study trends in the stellar mass, the ICM mass, the total baryonic mass, and the cold baryonic fraction with cluster halo mass and redshift. We find significant departures from self-similarity in the mass scaling for all quantities, while the redshift trends are all statistically consistent with zero, indicating that the baryon content of clusters at fixed mass has changed remarkably little over the past approximate to 9 Gyr. We compare our results to the mean baryon fraction (and the stellar mass fraction) in the field, finding that these values lie above (below) those in cluster virial regions in all but the most massive clusters at low redshift. Using a simple model of the matter assembly of clusters from infalling groups with lower masses and from infalling material from the low-density environment or field surrounding the parent haloes, we show that the measured mass trends without strong redshift trends in the stellar mass scaling relation could be explained by a mass and redshift dependent fractional contribution from field material. Similar analyses of the ICM and baryon mass scaling relations provide evidence for the so-called 'missing baryons' outside cluster virial regions.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/sty1284},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
issn = {0035-8711},
number = 3,
volume = 478,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}