skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Characterization and optimization of a new high-average power laser glass

Abstract

A new High-Average Power laser glass with favorable thermal-mechanical properties was recently developed by Schott Glass Technologies. We refer to this glass as APG-2, although it does not have an official designation. Fracture studies were conducted which verified the thermomechanical utility of the glass. Consequently, the glass was a promising candidate for a variety of applications such as a Kerr-lens mode-locked short-pulse laser. As a result, cavity designs and optical parameters were calculated to test this hypothesis, and characterization of the lasing properties began. The glass was lased for the first time, and laser slope efficiencies were measured at various output couplings. Laser efficiencies were observed to drop radically when the pump light duty cycle was increased from 10% to unity. When the new laser glass was compared to commercially available laser glasses LG-750 and APG-1, something appeared to be inhibiting smooth laser action. Further investigations indicated that the thermal lens in the new glass was much larger than in the other glasses making the laser resonator unstable. This thermal lens was then modeled and quantified in a separate experiment.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
149603
Report Number(s):
UCRL-ID-114972-1; CONF-9312109-Absts.
ON: DE95012452; TRN: 95:007226-0018
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Science and Engineering Research Semester (SERS) symposium, Livermore, CA (United States), 15 Dec 1993; Other Information: PBD: Apr 1994; Related Information: Is Part Of Abstracts for student symposium; Goldman, B.; PB: 245 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; GLASS; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; LASERS; LENSES; MODE LOCKING; OPTIMIZATION; LASER CAVITIES; MODE CONTROL

Citation Formats

Bayramian, A. Characterization and optimization of a new high-average power laser glass. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Bayramian, A. Characterization and optimization of a new high-average power laser glass. United States.
Bayramian, A. Fri . "Characterization and optimization of a new high-average power laser glass". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/149603.
@article{osti_149603,
title = {Characterization and optimization of a new high-average power laser glass},
author = {Bayramian, A.},
abstractNote = {A new High-Average Power laser glass with favorable thermal-mechanical properties was recently developed by Schott Glass Technologies. We refer to this glass as APG-2, although it does not have an official designation. Fracture studies were conducted which verified the thermomechanical utility of the glass. Consequently, the glass was a promising candidate for a variety of applications such as a Kerr-lens mode-locked short-pulse laser. As a result, cavity designs and optical parameters were calculated to test this hypothesis, and characterization of the lasing properties began. The glass was lased for the first time, and laser slope efficiencies were measured at various output couplings. Laser efficiencies were observed to drop radically when the pump light duty cycle was increased from 10% to unity. When the new laser glass was compared to commercially available laser glasses LG-750 and APG-1, something appeared to be inhibiting smooth laser action. Further investigations indicated that the thermal lens in the new glass was much larger than in the other glasses making the laser resonator unstable. This thermal lens was then modeled and quantified in a separate experiment.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 1994},
month = {Fri Apr 01 00:00:00 EST 1994}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • Laser shot peening, a surface treatment for metals, is known to induce residual compressive stresses to depths of over 1 mm providing improved component resistance to various forms of failure. Recent information also suggests that thermal relaxation of the laser induced stress is significantly less than that experienced by other forms of surface stressing that involve significantly higher levels of cold work. We have developed a unique solid state laser technology employing Nd:glass amplifier slabs and SBS phase conjugation that enables this process to move into high throughput production processing.
  • The Nd-doped phosphate laser glass described herein can withstand 2.3 times greater thermal loading without fracture, compared to APG-1 (commercially-available average-power glass from Schott Glass Technologies). The enhanced thermal loading capability is established on the basis of the intrinsic thermomechanical properties and by direct thermally-induced fracture experiments using Ar-ion laser heating of the samples. This Nd-doped phosphate glass (referred to as APG-t) is found to be characterized by a 29% lower gain cross section and a 25% longer low-concentration emission lifetime.
  • The Nd-doped phosphate laser glass described herein can withstand 2.3 times greater thermal loading without fracture, compared to APG-1 (commercially-available average-power glass from Schott Glass Technologies). The enhanced thermal loading capability is established on the basis of the intrinsic thermomechanical properties (expansion, conduction, fracture toughness, and Young`s modulus), and by direct thermally-induced fracture experiments using Ar-ion laser heating of the samples. This Nd-doped phosphate glass (referred to as APG-t) is found to be characterized by a 29% lower gain cross section and a 25% longer low-concentration emission lifetime.
  • Laser system performance and reliability depends on the related performance and reliability of the optical components which define the cavity and transport subsystems. High-average-power and long transport lengths impose specific requirements on component performance. The complexity of the manufacturing process for optical components requires a high degree of process control and verification. Qualification has proven effective in ensuring confidence in the procurement process for these optical components. Issues related to component reliability have been studied and provide useful information to better understand the long term performance and reliability of the laser system.