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Title: Rapid Development of Hybrid Perovskites and Novel Tandem Architectures

Abstract

Multijunction solar cells based on epitaxially grown III-V materials hold the record for solar energy power conversion efficiency (PCE). However, due to the high cost of fabricating these devices, they are typically only used for concentrator cells and space applications. The overarching goal of this project was to develop low-cost printable hybrid perovskite (HP) materials appropriate and optimized for tandem solar cells with high power conversion efficiency under “1 Sun” illumination. Key results and findings over the course of the project we: Developed higher-performance high-bandgap (1.75 eV) perovskite materials and devices. In particular, we explored tens-of-thousands of compositions for high bandgap perovskites, achieving quasi-Fermi level splitting of 1.35 eV for a 1.75 eV bandgap material. We achieved World-record open circuit voltages from single junction p-i-n devices, 1.24 V from 1.75 eV bandgap material, which is what is preferable for tandems with a PCE of 14.3% using a guanidinium/formanadinium/ cesium alloyed lead iodobromide. We also developed a series of World-record efficiency devices at higher band-gaps based on 2D/3D perovskites using PEA. Developed higher-performance low-bandgap (1.35 eV) perovskite materials and devices. In particular, we developed a 1.35 eV bandgap perovskite of composition MAPb0.5Sn0.5(I0.8Br0.2)3 and showed its superiority to MAPb0.75Sn0.25I3. High efficiency solarmore » cells were fabricated using PEDOT:PSS and doped-ICBA as HTL and ETL, respectively. Short circuit currents of 25.7 mA/cm2 and PCEs of 17.1% were obtained. Developed mechanically stacked 4-terminal CIGS-Perovskite tandems with PCE of 18.8% and monolithic 2-terminal CIGS-Perovskite tandems with PCE of 8.5%. The low efficiency of the monolithic device is a result of the high surface roughness of the solution processed CIGS bottom cells. This is not an intrinsic problem for CIGS-perovskite tandems, but does mean that smooth evaporated or sputtered CIGS films likely need to be used, unless a polishing step is employed. Developed monolithic 2-terminal Perovskite-Perovskite tandems with a stabilized PCE of 18.5%. This was the World-record perovskite-perovskite monolithic tandems for over a year in 2017-2018. Revealed that light is not an essential component of the so-called “light-induced” phase segregation. By using charge injection in the dark and electroluminescence, we showed that the presence of electrons in the conduction band and hole in the valence band is sufficient to drive the nearly ubiquitously observed phase segregation in high bandgap perovskites. Developed a new method to simultaneously measure absolute intensity photoluminescence and photoconductivity and use them to obtain simultaneous in-situ measurement of quasi-Fermi level splitting and diffusion length. This is important since it provides a proxy for device Voc and device Jsc. In addition, 67 papers were published with support from this award that detail many more advances in the field, including numerous publications in high impact journals such as Nature Photonics, Advanced Materials, ACS Energy Letters, and Energy and Environmental Science.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1494825
Report Number(s):
DOE-UW-EE0006710
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0006710
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY

Citation Formats

Hillhouse, Hugh W. Rapid Development of Hybrid Perovskites and Novel Tandem Architectures. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1494825.
Hillhouse, Hugh W. Rapid Development of Hybrid Perovskites and Novel Tandem Architectures. United States. doi:10.2172/1494825.
Hillhouse, Hugh W. Thu . "Rapid Development of Hybrid Perovskites and Novel Tandem Architectures". United States. doi:10.2172/1494825. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494825.
@article{osti_1494825,
title = {Rapid Development of Hybrid Perovskites and Novel Tandem Architectures},
author = {Hillhouse, Hugh W},
abstractNote = {Multijunction solar cells based on epitaxially grown III-V materials hold the record for solar energy power conversion efficiency (PCE). However, due to the high cost of fabricating these devices, they are typically only used for concentrator cells and space applications. The overarching goal of this project was to develop low-cost printable hybrid perovskite (HP) materials appropriate and optimized for tandem solar cells with high power conversion efficiency under “1 Sun” illumination. Key results and findings over the course of the project we: Developed higher-performance high-bandgap (1.75 eV) perovskite materials and devices. In particular, we explored tens-of-thousands of compositions for high bandgap perovskites, achieving quasi-Fermi level splitting of 1.35 eV for a 1.75 eV bandgap material. We achieved World-record open circuit voltages from single junction p-i-n devices, 1.24 V from 1.75 eV bandgap material, which is what is preferable for tandems with a PCE of 14.3% using a guanidinium/formanadinium/ cesium alloyed lead iodobromide. We also developed a series of World-record efficiency devices at higher band-gaps based on 2D/3D perovskites using PEA. Developed higher-performance low-bandgap (1.35 eV) perovskite materials and devices. In particular, we developed a 1.35 eV bandgap perovskite of composition MAPb0.5Sn0.5(I0.8Br0.2)3 and showed its superiority to MAPb0.75Sn0.25I3. High efficiency solar cells were fabricated using PEDOT:PSS and doped-ICBA as HTL and ETL, respectively. Short circuit currents of 25.7 mA/cm2 and PCEs of 17.1% were obtained. Developed mechanically stacked 4-terminal CIGS-Perovskite tandems with PCE of 18.8% and monolithic 2-terminal CIGS-Perovskite tandems with PCE of 8.5%. The low efficiency of the monolithic device is a result of the high surface roughness of the solution processed CIGS bottom cells. This is not an intrinsic problem for CIGS-perovskite tandems, but does mean that smooth evaporated or sputtered CIGS films likely need to be used, unless a polishing step is employed. Developed monolithic 2-terminal Perovskite-Perovskite tandems with a stabilized PCE of 18.5%. This was the World-record perovskite-perovskite monolithic tandems for over a year in 2017-2018. Revealed that light is not an essential component of the so-called “light-induced” phase segregation. By using charge injection in the dark and electroluminescence, we showed that the presence of electrons in the conduction band and hole in the valence band is sufficient to drive the nearly ubiquitously observed phase segregation in high bandgap perovskites. Developed a new method to simultaneously measure absolute intensity photoluminescence and photoconductivity and use them to obtain simultaneous in-situ measurement of quasi-Fermi level splitting and diffusion length. This is important since it provides a proxy for device Voc and device Jsc. In addition, 67 papers were published with support from this award that detail many more advances in the field, including numerous publications in high impact journals such as Nature Photonics, Advanced Materials, ACS Energy Letters, and Energy and Environmental Science.},
doi = {10.2172/1494825},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}