skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Synthesis Gas Conversion over Rh-Mn-W xC/SiO 2 Catalysts Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition

Abstract

The catalytic conversion of synthesis gas to value-added oxygenates and light hydrocarbons was studied here on Rh and Rh–Mn clusters on tungsten carbide-overcoated silica (W xC/SiO 2) at 523 K, 580 psi, and CO/H 2 = 1/1. The W xC-modified SiO 2 support was prepared by the overcoating of WO x on SiO 2 using atomic layer deposition (ALD) followed by carburization. The reactivities of Rh/W xC/SiO 2 catalysts with varying number of ALD cycles (number of cycles = 2, 5, 10, 20, and 30) were measured and showed that 5 ALD cycles of WxC suppressed the formation of methane. All W xC-modified catalysts showed enhancement in selectivity toward methanol and ethanol through CO hydrogenation and acetaldehyde hydrogenation, respectively. These catalysts also improved the overall turnover frequency (TOF). The addition of Mn species further promoted the activity and the selectivity toward ethanol and C 2+ hydrocarbons, especially light alkenes. The best performing Rh-2Mn/5cycle-W xC/SiO 2 catalyst (Rh:Mn molar ratio = 1:2) achieved 84.7% selectivity toward valuable oxygenates and C 2+ hydrocarbons with a ratio of alkenes to alkanes equal to 1.7, compared to Rh/SiO 2 which exhibited 80.4% selectivity toward the products aforementioned with a ratio of 0.5. The overallmore » TOF was 20 times higher than that over Rh/SiO 2 (i.e., 5.6 × 10 –2 s –1 vs 2.9 × 10 –3 s –1). X-ray diffraction revealed that the existence of W 2C, which was the dominant phase in Rh/5cycle-W xC/SiO 2, favored the suppression of methane and enhanced the production of alcohols and C 2+ hydrocarbons compared to the WC support. Density functional theory calculations for Rh 19, Rh 31, and Rh 37 clusters on various WC surfaces suggested that the shape of Rh clusters is condition dependent and subject to H 2 pressure. The C- and O- binding energies on various sites for the clusters were used with scaling relations to probe their catalytic activity. With the use of this approach, the increase in the O binding energy when moving from the SiO 2-supported Rh 37 cluster to the WC-supported cluster leads to an increase in the activity of Rh/W xC/SiO 2 at the expense of the reduction in the number of sites that are selective toward C 2 oxygenates.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering. Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1494808
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-05ER15731; EE0006878; AC02-06CH11357; AC02-05CH11231; DMR-1121288
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2155-5435
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; atomic layer deposition; manganese; rhodium; support effect; synthesis gas; tungsten carbide

Citation Formats

Liu, Yifei, Zhang, Lifeng, Göltl, Florian, Ball, Madelyn R., Hermans, Ive, Kuech, Thomas F., Mavrikakis, Manos, and Dumesic, James A. Synthesis Gas Conversion over Rh-Mn-WxC/SiO2 Catalysts Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acscatal.8b02461.
Liu, Yifei, Zhang, Lifeng, Göltl, Florian, Ball, Madelyn R., Hermans, Ive, Kuech, Thomas F., Mavrikakis, Manos, & Dumesic, James A. Synthesis Gas Conversion over Rh-Mn-WxC/SiO2 Catalysts Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition. United States. doi:10.1021/acscatal.8b02461.
Liu, Yifei, Zhang, Lifeng, Göltl, Florian, Ball, Madelyn R., Hermans, Ive, Kuech, Thomas F., Mavrikakis, Manos, and Dumesic, James A. Thu . "Synthesis Gas Conversion over Rh-Mn-WxC/SiO2 Catalysts Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition". United States. doi:10.1021/acscatal.8b02461. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494808.
@article{osti_1494808,
title = {Synthesis Gas Conversion over Rh-Mn-WxC/SiO2 Catalysts Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition},
author = {Liu, Yifei and Zhang, Lifeng and Göltl, Florian and Ball, Madelyn R. and Hermans, Ive and Kuech, Thomas F. and Mavrikakis, Manos and Dumesic, James A.},
abstractNote = {The catalytic conversion of synthesis gas to value-added oxygenates and light hydrocarbons was studied here on Rh and Rh–Mn clusters on tungsten carbide-overcoated silica (WxC/SiO2) at 523 K, 580 psi, and CO/H2 = 1/1. The WxC-modified SiO2 support was prepared by the overcoating of WOx on SiO2 using atomic layer deposition (ALD) followed by carburization. The reactivities of Rh/WxC/SiO2 catalysts with varying number of ALD cycles (number of cycles = 2, 5, 10, 20, and 30) were measured and showed that 5 ALD cycles of WxC suppressed the formation of methane. All WxC-modified catalysts showed enhancement in selectivity toward methanol and ethanol through CO hydrogenation and acetaldehyde hydrogenation, respectively. These catalysts also improved the overall turnover frequency (TOF). The addition of Mn species further promoted the activity and the selectivity toward ethanol and C2+ hydrocarbons, especially light alkenes. The best performing Rh-2Mn/5cycle-WxC/SiO2 catalyst (Rh:Mn molar ratio = 1:2) achieved 84.7% selectivity toward valuable oxygenates and C2+ hydrocarbons with a ratio of alkenes to alkanes equal to 1.7, compared to Rh/SiO2 which exhibited 80.4% selectivity toward the products aforementioned with a ratio of 0.5. The overall TOF was 20 times higher than that over Rh/SiO2 (i.e., 5.6 × 10–2 s–1 vs 2.9 × 10–3 s–1). X-ray diffraction revealed that the existence of W2C, which was the dominant phase in Rh/5cycle-WxC/SiO2, favored the suppression of methane and enhanced the production of alcohols and C2+ hydrocarbons compared to the WC support. Density functional theory calculations for Rh19, Rh31, and Rh37 clusters on various WC surfaces suggested that the shape of Rh clusters is condition dependent and subject to H2 pressure. The C- and O- binding energies on various sites for the clusters were used with scaling relations to probe their catalytic activity. With the use of this approach, the increase in the O binding energy when moving from the SiO2-supported Rh37 cluster to the WC-supported cluster leads to an increase in the activity of Rh/WxC/SiO2 at the expense of the reduction in the number of sites that are selective toward C2 oxygenates.},
doi = {10.1021/acscatal.8b02461},
journal = {ACS Catalysis},
issn = {2155-5435},
number = 11,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Summary of selectivities for syngas conversion over Rh/SiO2 and WxC-modified Rh/SiO2 catalysts.

Save / Share: