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Title: Value to the Grid From Managed Charging Based on California's High Renewables Study

Abstract

Managed charging of electric vehicle (EV) loads has the potential to use renewable energy more effectively, shave peak demand, and fill demand valleys while serving transportation needs. However, the potential value to the grid from managed charging has not been fully quantified. This paper adopts the tools used in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's California Low Carbon Grid Study to quantify value to the grid from managed charging by using three levels of managed loads for 13 terawatt-hours of annual load from three million EVs in a 2030 California grid scenario. Simulation results show that management of the EV fleet's aggregate load from unmanaged to 100% managed results in savings between 210 million and 660 million annually in generation system costs, depending on grid conditions. The simulation results also suggest that targeted EV supply equipment (EVSE) deployments at workplaces and other mid-day parking locations will be needed to support managed charging in a high-renewables California and enable the identified value to the grid. Although the value of generation to the grid from managed EV load paired with high renewables seems substantial, we estimate that the installed cost of an EVSE must be between 1,000 and 3,000 for a 10-year lifemore » to be cost neutral, depending on grid conditions.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1494793
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5400-73823
Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; smart charging; managed loads; electric vehicles; renewables

Citation Formats

Zhang, Jiucai, Jorgenson, Jennie L., Markel, Tony, and Walkowicz, Kevin. Value to the Grid From Managed Charging Based on California's High Renewables Study. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2872905.
Zhang, Jiucai, Jorgenson, Jennie L., Markel, Tony, & Walkowicz, Kevin. Value to the Grid From Managed Charging Based on California's High Renewables Study. United States. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2872905.
Zhang, Jiucai, Jorgenson, Jennie L., Markel, Tony, and Walkowicz, Kevin. Mon . "Value to the Grid From Managed Charging Based on California's High Renewables Study". United States. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2872905. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494793.
@article{osti_1494793,
title = {Value to the Grid From Managed Charging Based on California's High Renewables Study},
author = {Zhang, Jiucai and Jorgenson, Jennie L. and Markel, Tony and Walkowicz, Kevin},
abstractNote = {Managed charging of electric vehicle (EV) loads has the potential to use renewable energy more effectively, shave peak demand, and fill demand valleys while serving transportation needs. However, the potential value to the grid from managed charging has not been fully quantified. This paper adopts the tools used in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's California Low Carbon Grid Study to quantify value to the grid from managed charging by using three levels of managed loads for 13 terawatt-hours of annual load from three million EVs in a 2030 California grid scenario. Simulation results show that management of the EV fleet's aggregate load from unmanaged to 100% managed results in savings between 210 million and 660 million annually in generation system costs, depending on grid conditions. The simulation results also suggest that targeted EV supply equipment (EVSE) deployments at workplaces and other mid-day parking locations will be needed to support managed charging in a high-renewables California and enable the identified value to the grid. Although the value of generation to the grid from managed EV load paired with high renewables seems substantial, we estimate that the installed cost of an EVSE must be between 1,000 and 3,000 for a 10-year life to be cost neutral, depending on grid conditions.},
doi = {10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2872905},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Power Systems},
issn = {0885-8950},
number = 2,
volume = 34,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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