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Title: Designing topographic heterogeneity for tidal wetland restoration

Abstract

Topographic heterogeneity affects abiotic and biotic components of vegetated ecosystems and has the potential to provide functions and services such as promoting floral and faunal biodiversity. Yet, few studies have documented the design, implementation, and outcomes of mound-type features in estuarine and tidal freshwater wetland restoration projects. Here we report data from a synoptic survey of soil temperature and moisture on mounds at tidal wetland restoration sites in the Pacific Northwest, together with the results of a literature review and the insights of regional restoration practitioners regarding ecological and practical considerations for mound construction. Few papers reviewed addressed conditions for plant establishment on mounds, such as soil moisture, which is important in climates with annual dry seasons, like the Pacific Northwest. We report 2015 data on soil moisture and temperature for the tops, sides, and toes of 15 mounds constructed between 2001 and 2013 of fill dirt, or dirt and logs, at 5 tidal wetland restoration sites. Two of the restoration projects studied are located in the lower Columbia River and estuary, one is in the Puget Sound, and two are on outer Pacific coastal estuaries in Oregon.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1494297
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-130408
Journal ID: ISSN 0925-8574
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Ecological Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0925-8574
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Diefenderfer, Heida L., Sinks, Ian A., Zimmerman, Shon A., Cullinan, Valerie I., and Borde, Amy B.. Designing topographic heterogeneity for tidal wetland restoration. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.07.027.
Diefenderfer, Heida L., Sinks, Ian A., Zimmerman, Shon A., Cullinan, Valerie I., & Borde, Amy B.. Designing topographic heterogeneity for tidal wetland restoration. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.07.027.
Diefenderfer, Heida L., Sinks, Ian A., Zimmerman, Shon A., Cullinan, Valerie I., and Borde, Amy B.. Thu . "Designing topographic heterogeneity for tidal wetland restoration". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.07.027.
@article{osti_1494297,
title = {Designing topographic heterogeneity for tidal wetland restoration},
author = {Diefenderfer, Heida L. and Sinks, Ian A. and Zimmerman, Shon A. and Cullinan, Valerie I. and Borde, Amy B.},
abstractNote = {Topographic heterogeneity affects abiotic and biotic components of vegetated ecosystems and has the potential to provide functions and services such as promoting floral and faunal biodiversity. Yet, few studies have documented the design, implementation, and outcomes of mound-type features in estuarine and tidal freshwater wetland restoration projects. Here we report data from a synoptic survey of soil temperature and moisture on mounds at tidal wetland restoration sites in the Pacific Northwest, together with the results of a literature review and the insights of regional restoration practitioners regarding ecological and practical considerations for mound construction. Few papers reviewed addressed conditions for plant establishment on mounds, such as soil moisture, which is important in climates with annual dry seasons, like the Pacific Northwest. We report 2015 data on soil moisture and temperature for the tops, sides, and toes of 15 mounds constructed between 2001 and 2013 of fill dirt, or dirt and logs, at 5 tidal wetland restoration sites. Two of the restoration projects studied are located in the lower Columbia River and estuary, one is in the Puget Sound, and two are on outer Pacific coastal estuaries in Oregon.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.07.027},
journal = {Ecological Engineering},
issn = {0925-8574},
number = C,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}