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Title: Carnegie Supernova Project-II: The Near-infrared Spectroscopy Program

Abstract

Shifting the focus of Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) cosmology to the near infrared (NIR) is a promising way to significantly reduce the systematic errors, as the strategy minimizes our reliance on the empirical width-luminosity relation and uncertain dust laws. Observations in the NIR are also crucial for our understanding of the origins and evolution of these events, further improving their cosmological utility. Any future experiments in the rest-frame NIR will require knowledge of the SN Ia NIR spectroscopic diversity, which is currently based on a small sample of observed spectra. Along with the accompanying paper, Phillips et al., we introduce the Carnegie Supernova Project-II (CSP-II), to follow-up nearby SNe Ia in both the optical and the NIR. In particular, this paper focuses on the CSP-II NIR spectroscopy program, describing the survey strategy, instrumental setups, data reduction, sample characteristics, and future analyses on the data set. Here, in collaboration with the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) Supernova Group, we obtained 661 NIR spectra of 157 SNe Ia. Furthermore this sample, 451 NIR spectra of 90 SNe Ia have corresponding CSP-II follow-up light curves. Such a sample will allow detailed studies of the NIR spectroscopic properties of SNe Ia, providing amore » different perspective on the properties of the unburned material; the radioactive and stable nickel produced; progenitor magnetic fields; and searches for possible signatures of companion stars.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [2];  [1];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [1];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [1];  [13];  [14];  [15] more »;  [16];  [17];  [18];  [19];  [20];  [21];  [7];  [22];  [23];  [1];  [24];  [1];  [25];  [25];  [6];  [6];  [10];  [26];  [27];  [28];  [1];  [23];  [20];  [6];  [29] « less
  1. Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
  2. Carnegie Observatories, Casilla (Chile)
  3. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  4. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States); Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Palo Alto, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  6. Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, Pasadena, CA (United States)
  7. Aarhus Univ., Aarhus C (Denmark)
  8. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  9. European Southern Observatory, Santiago (Chile)
  10. Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)
  11. Homer L. Dodge Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Santiago (Chile)
  12. Physical Research Lab., Gujarat (India)
  13. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  14. Univ. Nacional de La Plata, La Plata (Argentina)
  15. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  16. Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Santiago (Chile); Univ. de Chile, Santiago (Chile)
  17. Univ. of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  18. Univ. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)
  19. CENTRA—Centro de Astrofísica e Gravitaçao, Lisbon (Portugal)
  20. Stockholm Univ., Stockholm (Sweden)
  21. Univ. de Chile, Santiago (Chile)
  22. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  23. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  24. Australian National Univ. (Australia)
  25. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  26. Carnegie Observatories, Casilla (China)
  27. Macquarie Univ., NSW (Australia)
  28. The Australian National Univ., Weston, ACT (Australia)
  29. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China); Chinese Academy of Sciences South America Center for Astronomy, Santiago (Chile)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1494109
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 131; Journal Issue: 995; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6280
Publisher:
Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; (stars:) supernovae: general; (cosmology:) dark energy

Citation Formats

Hsiao, E. Y., Phillips, M. M., Marion, G. H., Kirshner, R. P., Morrell, N., Sand, D. J., Burns, C. R., Contreras, C., Hoeflich, P., Stritzinger, M. D., Valenti, S., Anderson, J. P., Ashall, C., Baltay, C., Baron, E., Banerjee, D. P. K., Davis, S., Diamond, T. R., Folatelli, G., Freedman, Wendy L., Förster, F., Galbany, L., Gall, C., González-Gaitán, S., Goobar, A., Hamuy, M., Holmbo, S., Kasliwal, M. M., Krisciunas, K., Kumar, S., Lidman, C., Lu, J., Nugent, P. E., Perlmutter, S., Persson, S. E., Piro, A. L., Rabinowitz, D., Roth, M., Ryder, S. D., Schmidt, B. P., Shahbandeh, M., Suntzeff, N. B., Taddia, F., Uddin, S., and Wang, L. Carnegie Supernova Project-II: The Near-infrared Spectroscopy Program. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/aae961.
Hsiao, E. Y., Phillips, M. M., Marion, G. H., Kirshner, R. P., Morrell, N., Sand, D. J., Burns, C. R., Contreras, C., Hoeflich, P., Stritzinger, M. D., Valenti, S., Anderson, J. P., Ashall, C., Baltay, C., Baron, E., Banerjee, D. P. K., Davis, S., Diamond, T. R., Folatelli, G., Freedman, Wendy L., Förster, F., Galbany, L., Gall, C., González-Gaitán, S., Goobar, A., Hamuy, M., Holmbo, S., Kasliwal, M. M., Krisciunas, K., Kumar, S., Lidman, C., Lu, J., Nugent, P. E., Perlmutter, S., Persson, S. E., Piro, A. L., Rabinowitz, D., Roth, M., Ryder, S. D., Schmidt, B. P., Shahbandeh, M., Suntzeff, N. B., Taddia, F., Uddin, S., & Wang, L. Carnegie Supernova Project-II: The Near-infrared Spectroscopy Program. United States. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/aae961.
Hsiao, E. Y., Phillips, M. M., Marion, G. H., Kirshner, R. P., Morrell, N., Sand, D. J., Burns, C. R., Contreras, C., Hoeflich, P., Stritzinger, M. D., Valenti, S., Anderson, J. P., Ashall, C., Baltay, C., Baron, E., Banerjee, D. P. K., Davis, S., Diamond, T. R., Folatelli, G., Freedman, Wendy L., Förster, F., Galbany, L., Gall, C., González-Gaitán, S., Goobar, A., Hamuy, M., Holmbo, S., Kasliwal, M. M., Krisciunas, K., Kumar, S., Lidman, C., Lu, J., Nugent, P. E., Perlmutter, S., Persson, S. E., Piro, A. L., Rabinowitz, D., Roth, M., Ryder, S. D., Schmidt, B. P., Shahbandeh, M., Suntzeff, N. B., Taddia, F., Uddin, S., and Wang, L. Tue . "Carnegie Supernova Project-II: The Near-infrared Spectroscopy Program". United States. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/aae961. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1494109.
@article{osti_1494109,
title = {Carnegie Supernova Project-II: The Near-infrared Spectroscopy Program},
author = {Hsiao, E. Y. and Phillips, M. M. and Marion, G. H. and Kirshner, R. P. and Morrell, N. and Sand, D. J. and Burns, C. R. and Contreras, C. and Hoeflich, P. and Stritzinger, M. D. and Valenti, S. and Anderson, J. P. and Ashall, C. and Baltay, C. and Baron, E. and Banerjee, D. P. K. and Davis, S. and Diamond, T. R. and Folatelli, G. and Freedman, Wendy L. and Förster, F. and Galbany, L. and Gall, C. and González-Gaitán, S. and Goobar, A. and Hamuy, M. and Holmbo, S. and Kasliwal, M. M. and Krisciunas, K. and Kumar, S. and Lidman, C. and Lu, J. and Nugent, P. E. and Perlmutter, S. and Persson, S. E. and Piro, A. L. and Rabinowitz, D. and Roth, M. and Ryder, S. D. and Schmidt, B. P. and Shahbandeh, M. and Suntzeff, N. B. and Taddia, F. and Uddin, S. and Wang, L.},
abstractNote = {Shifting the focus of Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) cosmology to the near infrared (NIR) is a promising way to significantly reduce the systematic errors, as the strategy minimizes our reliance on the empirical width-luminosity relation and uncertain dust laws. Observations in the NIR are also crucial for our understanding of the origins and evolution of these events, further improving their cosmological utility. Any future experiments in the rest-frame NIR will require knowledge of the SN Ia NIR spectroscopic diversity, which is currently based on a small sample of observed spectra. Along with the accompanying paper, Phillips et al., we introduce the Carnegie Supernova Project-II (CSP-II), to follow-up nearby SNe Ia in both the optical and the NIR. In particular, this paper focuses on the CSP-II NIR spectroscopy program, describing the survey strategy, instrumental setups, data reduction, sample characteristics, and future analyses on the data set. Here, in collaboration with the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) Supernova Group, we obtained 661 NIR spectra of 157 SNe Ia. Furthermore this sample, 451 NIR spectra of 90 SNe Ia have corresponding CSP-II follow-up light curves. Such a sample will allow detailed studies of the NIR spectroscopic properties of SNe Ia, providing a different perspective on the properties of the unburned material; the radioactive and stable nickel produced; progenitor magnetic fields; and searches for possible signatures of companion stars.},
doi = {10.1088/1538-3873/aae961},
journal = {Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific},
issn = {0004-6280},
number = 995,
volume = 131,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 448, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv188

THE CARNEGIE SUPERNOVA PROJECT: ANALYSIS OF THE FIRST SAMPLE OF LOW-REDSHIFT TYPE-Ia SUPERNOVAE
journal, December 2009

  • Folatelli, Gastón; Phillips, M. M.; Burns, Christopher R.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 139, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/139/1/120

Post-Maximum Near-Infrared Spectra of sn 2014j: a Search for Interaction Signatures
journal, April 2016


The Palomar Transient Factory: System Overview, Performance, and First Results
journal, December 2009

  • Law, Nicholas M.; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Dekany, Richard G.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 121, Issue 886
  • DOI: 10.1086/648598

Early Blue Excess from the Type Ia Supernova 2017cbv and Implications for Its Progenitor
journal, August 2017

  • Hosseinzadeh, Griffin; Sand, David J.; Valenti, Stefano
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 845, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa8402

The Carnegie Supernova Project I: Photometry data release of low-redshift stripped-envelope supernovae⋆⋆⋆
journal, January 2018


Circumstellar H  from SN 1994D and future Type Ia supernovae: an observational test of progenitor models
journal, December 1996

  • Cumming, R. J.; Lundqvist, P.; Smith, L. J.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 283, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/283.4.1355

Supernovae of type I as end products of the evolution of binaries with components of moderate initial mass (M not greater than about 9 solar masses)
journal, January 1984

  • Iben, I. , Jr.; Tutukov, A. V.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 54
  • DOI: 10.1086/190932

Supernova Constraints and Systematic Uncertainties from the First Three Years of the Supernova Legacy Survey
journal, December 2010

  • Conley, A.; Guy, J.; Sullivan, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 192, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/192/1/1

Comprehensive observations of the bright and energetic Type Iax SN 2012Z: Interpretation as a Chandrasekhar mass white dwarf explosion
journal, December 2014


Type Ia Supernovae Are Good Standard Candles in the Near Infrared: Evidence from PAIRITEL
journal, December 2008

  • Wood‐Vasey, W. Michael; Friedman, Andrew S.; Bloom, Joshua S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 689, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/592374

TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA LIGHT CURVE INFERENCE: HIERARCHICAL MODELS IN THE OPTICAL AND NEAR-INFRARED
journal, April 2011

  • Mandel, Kaisey S.; Narayan, Gautham; Kirshner, Robert P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 731, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/120

TYPE Iax SUPERNOVAE: A NEW CLASS OF STELLAR EXPLOSION
journal, March 2013


Accreting white dwarf models for type I supernovae. I - Presupernova evolution and triggering mechanisms
journal, February 1982


A CATALOG OF NEAR-INFRARED SPECTRA FROM TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE
journal, July 2009


FourStar: The Near-Infrared Imager for the 6.5 m Baade Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory
journal, June 2013

  • Persson, S. E.; Murphy, D. C.; Smee, S.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 125, Issue 928
  • DOI: 10.1086/671164

Double-detonation sub-Chandrasekhar supernovae: can minimum helium shell masses detonate the core?
journal, May 2010


Secondary Maximum in the Near‐Infrared Light Curves of Type Ia Supernovae
journal, October 2006

  • Kasen, Daniel
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 649, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/506588

SN 2012au: A GOLDEN LINK BETWEEN SUPERLUMINOUS SUPERNOVAE AND THEIR LOWER-LUMINOSITY COUNTERPARTS
journal, June 2013

  • Milisavljevic, Dan; Soderberg, Alicia M.; Margutti, Raffaella
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 770, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/770/2/L38

Helium in double-detonation models of type Ia supernovae
journal, February 2017


Ejecta mass diagnostics of Type Ia supernovae
journal, November 2017

  • Wilk, Kevin D.; Hillier, D. John; Dessart, Luc
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 474, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx2816

Signatures of a Companion star in type ia Supernovae
journal, September 2014

  • Maeda, Keiichi; Kutsuna, Masamichi; Shigeyama, Toshikazu
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 794, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/794/1/37

Optical and near-infrared observations of SN 2014ck: an outlier among the Type Iax supernovae
journal, March 2016

  • Tomasella, L.; Cappellaro, E.; Benetti, S.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 459, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw696

THE BROAD-LINED Type Ic SN 2012ap AND THE NATURE OF RELATIVISTIC SUPERNOVAE LACKING A GAMMA-RAY BURST DETECTION
journal, January 2015


SN 2002cx: The Most Peculiar Known Type Ia Supernova
journal, April 2003

  • Li, Weidong; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Chornock, Ryan
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 115, Issue 806
  • DOI: 10.1086/374200

Solar abundance of manganese: a case for near Chandrasekhar-mass Type Ia supernova progenitors
journal, November 2013


Evidence for a Spectroscopic Sequence among Type Ia Supernovae
journal, December 1995

  • Nugent,, Peter; Phillips,, Mark; Baron,, E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 455, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/309846

Light and Color Curve Properties of Type Ia Supernovae: Theory Versus Observations
journal, August 2017


Determining the Type, Redshift, and Age of a Supernova Spectrum
journal, September 2007

  • Blondin, Stephane; Tonry, John L.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 666, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/520494

Infrared Spectra of the Subluminous Type Ia Supernova SN 1999by
journal, April 2002

  • Hoflich, Peter; Gerardy, Christopher L.; Fesen, Robert A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 568, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/339063

FIRE: A Facility Class Near-Infrared Echelle Spectrometer for the Magellan Telescopes
journal, March 2013

  • Simcoe, Robert A.; Burgasser, Adam J.; Schechter, Paul L.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 125, Issue 925
  • DOI: 10.1086/670241

THE CARNEGIE SUPERNOVA PROJECT: SECOND PHOTOMETRY DATA RELEASE OF LOW-REDSHIFT TYPE Ia SUPERNOVAE
journal, October 2011

  • Stritzinger, Maximilian D.; Phillips, M. M.; Boldt, Luis N.
  • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 142, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/142/5/156

Gemini Spectroscopy of Supernovae from the Supernova Legacy Survey: Improving High‐Redshift Supernova Selection and Classification
journal, December 2005

  • Howell, D. A.; Sullivan, M.; Perrett, K.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 634, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/497119

SN2012ca: a stripped envelope core-collapse SN interacting with dense circumstellar medium
journal, October 2013

  • Inserra, C.; Smartt, S. J.; Scalzo, R.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 437, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slt138

Hubble Diagrams of Type Ia Supernovae in the Near-Infrared
journal, February 2004

  • Krisciunas, Kevin; Phillips, Mark M.; Suntzeff, Nicholas B.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 602, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/382731

SN 2012fr: Ultraviolet, Optical, and Near-infrared Light Curves of a Type Ia Supernova Observed within a Day of Explosion
journal, May 2018

  • Contreras, Carlos; Phillips, M. M.; Burns, Christopher R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 859, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aabaf8

Carnegie Supernova Project-II: Extending the Near-infrared Hubble Diagram for Type Ia Supernovae to z ∼ 0.1
journal, November 2018

  • Phillips, M. M.; Contreras, Carlos; Hsiao, E. Y.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 131, Issue 995
  • DOI: 10.1088/1538-3873/aae8bd

Improved cosmological constraints from a joint analysis of the SDSS-II and SNLS supernova samples
journal, August 2014


The type Ia supernova SNLS-03D3bb from a super-Chandrasekhar-mass white dwarf star
journal, September 2006

  • Andrew Howell, D.; Sullivan, Mark; Nugent, Peter E.
  • Nature, Vol. 443, Issue 7109
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05103

NO STRIPPED HYDROGEN IN THE NEBULAR SPECTRA OF NEARBY TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA 2011fe
journal, December 2012