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Title: Assembly of multi-flavored two-dimensional colloidal crystals

Abstract

We systematically investigate the assembly of binary multi-flavored colloidal mixtures in two dimensions. In these mixtures all pairwise interactions between species may be tuned independently. This introduces an additional degree of freedom over more traditional binary mixtures with fixed mixing rules, which is anticipated to open new avenues for directed self-assembly. At present, colloidal self-assembly into non-trivial lattices tends to require either high pressures for isotropically interacting particles, or the introduction of directionally anisotropic interactions. Here we demonstrate tunable assembly into a plethora of structures which requires neither of these conditions. We develop a minimal model that defines a three-dimensional phase space containing one dimension for each pairwise interaction, then employ various computational techniques to map out regions of this phase space in which the system self-assembles into these different morphologies. We then present a mean-field model that is capable of reproducing these results for size-symmetric mixtures, which reveals how to target different structures by tuning pairwise interactions, solution stoichiometry, or both. Concerning particle size asymmetry, we find that domains in this model's phase space, corresponding to different morphologies, tend to undergo a continuous “rotation” whose magnitude is proportional to the size asymmetry. Such continuity enables one to estimate themore » relative stability of different lattices for arbitrary size asymmetries. Owing to its simplicity and accuracy, we expect this model to serve as a valuable design tool for engineering binary colloidal crystals from multi-flavored components.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Chemical Sciences Division
  2. Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States). Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory-National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1493597
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Soft Matter
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 32; Journal ID: ISSN 1744-683X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Mahynski, Nathan A., Zerze, Hasan, Hatch, Harold W., Shen, Vincent K., and Mittal, Jeetain. Assembly of multi-flavored two-dimensional colloidal crystals. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/c7sm01005b.
Mahynski, Nathan A., Zerze, Hasan, Hatch, Harold W., Shen, Vincent K., & Mittal, Jeetain. Assembly of multi-flavored two-dimensional colloidal crystals. United States. doi:10.1039/c7sm01005b.
Mahynski, Nathan A., Zerze, Hasan, Hatch, Harold W., Shen, Vincent K., and Mittal, Jeetain. Sun . "Assembly of multi-flavored two-dimensional colloidal crystals". United States. doi:10.1039/c7sm01005b.
@article{osti_1493597,
title = {Assembly of multi-flavored two-dimensional colloidal crystals},
author = {Mahynski, Nathan A. and Zerze, Hasan and Hatch, Harold W. and Shen, Vincent K. and Mittal, Jeetain},
abstractNote = {We systematically investigate the assembly of binary multi-flavored colloidal mixtures in two dimensions. In these mixtures all pairwise interactions between species may be tuned independently. This introduces an additional degree of freedom over more traditional binary mixtures with fixed mixing rules, which is anticipated to open new avenues for directed self-assembly. At present, colloidal self-assembly into non-trivial lattices tends to require either high pressures for isotropically interacting particles, or the introduction of directionally anisotropic interactions. Here we demonstrate tunable assembly into a plethora of structures which requires neither of these conditions. We develop a minimal model that defines a three-dimensional phase space containing one dimension for each pairwise interaction, then employ various computational techniques to map out regions of this phase space in which the system self-assembles into these different morphologies. We then present a mean-field model that is capable of reproducing these results for size-symmetric mixtures, which reveals how to target different structures by tuning pairwise interactions, solution stoichiometry, or both. Concerning particle size asymmetry, we find that domains in this model's phase space, corresponding to different morphologies, tend to undergo a continuous “rotation” whose magnitude is proportional to the size asymmetry. Such continuity enables one to estimate the relative stability of different lattices for arbitrary size asymmetries. Owing to its simplicity and accuracy, we expect this model to serve as a valuable design tool for engineering binary colloidal crystals from multi-flavored components.},
doi = {10.1039/c7sm01005b},
journal = {Soft Matter},
issn = {1744-683X},
number = 32,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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