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Title: Assaying Sorghum for Fuel Production

Abstract

The publicly available NREL suite of laboratory analytical procedures (LAPs) provides researchers with the analytical tools to determine the composition of woody and herbaceous feedstocks. Feedstock characterization includes several steps: sample preparation, starch determination, moisture analysis, ashing, extraction, and hydrolysis. These steps provide information on specific compounds and classes of compounds such as ash, protein, moisture, extractives, sucrose, starch, glucan, xylan, galactan, arabinan, acetate and lignin. Here, we describe the use of these procedures to characterize sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] with specific consideration of four main sorghum types: grain, forage, sweet, and biomass, which can vary significantly in composition. Special attention is paid to the extraction and the differentiation of glucose from starch and glucan from cellulose in the hybrids with significant amounts of nonstructural carbohydrates.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1492932
Report Number(s):
NREL/CH-5100-71697
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; sorghum; glucan; xylan; lignin; characterization; LAPs; structural carbohydrates; starch; cellulose; hemicellulose; lignocellulose; nonstructural carbohydrates

Citation Formats

Payne, Courtney E, Sluiter, Justin B, and Wolfrum, Edward J. Assaying Sorghum for Fuel Production. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-9039-9_18.
Payne, Courtney E, Sluiter, Justin B, & Wolfrum, Edward J. Assaying Sorghum for Fuel Production. United States. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-9039-9_18.
Payne, Courtney E, Sluiter, Justin B, and Wolfrum, Edward J. Thu . "Assaying Sorghum for Fuel Production". United States. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-9039-9_18.
@article{osti_1492932,
title = {Assaying Sorghum for Fuel Production},
author = {Payne, Courtney E and Sluiter, Justin B and Wolfrum, Edward J},
abstractNote = {The publicly available NREL suite of laboratory analytical procedures (LAPs) provides researchers with the analytical tools to determine the composition of woody and herbaceous feedstocks. Feedstock characterization includes several steps: sample preparation, starch determination, moisture analysis, ashing, extraction, and hydrolysis. These steps provide information on specific compounds and classes of compounds such as ash, protein, moisture, extractives, sucrose, starch, glucan, xylan, galactan, arabinan, acetate and lignin. Here, we describe the use of these procedures to characterize sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] with specific consideration of four main sorghum types: grain, forage, sweet, and biomass, which can vary significantly in composition. Special attention is paid to the extraction and the differentiation of glucose from starch and glucan from cellulose in the hybrids with significant amounts of nonstructural carbohydrates.},
doi = {10.1007/978-1-4939-9039-9_18},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Book:
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