skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Explosion Source Models and the Scattering Origin of Regional Phases from SPE Phase 1 Coda Spectral Ratios

Abstract

The Source Physics Experiment (SPE) explosions provide comprehensive ground truth information, and near-source recordings that are rarely available in typical monitoring scenarios. Here, we analyze these data together with local and regional distance recordings to isolate source and propagation effects, and to potentially improve monitoring at distance. We examine source spectral ratios, which can be measured to high precision by taking advantage of many SPE and independently operated stations, as well as the redundancy available from coda waves. Classical source models (Mueller and Murphy, 1971, MM71; Denny and Johnson, 1991, DJ91) predict the source ratios poorly; however, a hybrid model (MM71 with DJ91 cavity radii) performs better. We observe a distinct spectral modulation at 6-9 Hz that is not predicted by classical models, most likely caused by short period surface waves (Rg) interfering with those produced by spallation of near surface layers. The same modulation is observed for compressional (P) and shear (S) waves at distance, indicating that local and regional phases originate as near-source Rg that is scattered into body waves. The scattering process must be accounted for quantitatively to best use remotely recorded signals to monitor treaty compliance, discriminate event types, and estimate explosion yields over broad regions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1492635
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-20354
DOE Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Phillips, William Scott, Patton, Howard John, Cleveland, Kenneth Michael, and Larmat, Carene. Explosion Source Models and the Scattering Origin of Regional Phases from SPE Phase 1 Coda Spectral Ratios. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1492635.
Phillips, William Scott, Patton, Howard John, Cleveland, Kenneth Michael, & Larmat, Carene. Explosion Source Models and the Scattering Origin of Regional Phases from SPE Phase 1 Coda Spectral Ratios. United States. doi:10.2172/1492635.
Phillips, William Scott, Patton, Howard John, Cleveland, Kenneth Michael, and Larmat, Carene. Thu . "Explosion Source Models and the Scattering Origin of Regional Phases from SPE Phase 1 Coda Spectral Ratios". United States. doi:10.2172/1492635. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1492635.
@article{osti_1492635,
title = {Explosion Source Models and the Scattering Origin of Regional Phases from SPE Phase 1 Coda Spectral Ratios},
author = {Phillips, William Scott and Patton, Howard John and Cleveland, Kenneth Michael and Larmat, Carene},
abstractNote = {The Source Physics Experiment (SPE) explosions provide comprehensive ground truth information, and near-source recordings that are rarely available in typical monitoring scenarios. Here, we analyze these data together with local and regional distance recordings to isolate source and propagation effects, and to potentially improve monitoring at distance. We examine source spectral ratios, which can be measured to high precision by taking advantage of many SPE and independently operated stations, as well as the redundancy available from coda waves. Classical source models (Mueller and Murphy, 1971, MM71; Denny and Johnson, 1991, DJ91) predict the source ratios poorly; however, a hybrid model (MM71 with DJ91 cavity radii) performs better. We observe a distinct spectral modulation at 6-9 Hz that is not predicted by classical models, most likely caused by short period surface waves (Rg) interfering with those produced by spallation of near surface layers. The same modulation is observed for compressional (P) and shear (S) waves at distance, indicating that local and regional phases originate as near-source Rg that is scattered into body waves. The scattering process must be accounted for quantitatively to best use remotely recorded signals to monitor treaty compliance, discriminate event types, and estimate explosion yields over broad regions.},
doi = {10.2172/1492635},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share: