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Title: A Traditional Look at SPE Phase 1 Surface Seismic Data

Abstract

We visually examined surface seismic data from the Source Physics Experiment (SPE) Phase-1 chemical explosions in preparation for waveform analysis and interpretation. Recording stations included far-field (near source) geophone lines, and both permanent network, reoccupied USArray, and temporary stations at local and regional distances. We found that near-source waveforms are dominated by broad band compressional (P), and band limited surface wave (Rg) (< 10 Hz) phases. Distinct, consistent shear (S) phases are difficult to observe visually even with a comprehensive bank of frequency bands. Secondary phases are indistinct at near-local distances, unlike for earthquake sources, especially at the high frequencies of interest for discrimination (e.g. 4-8 Hz), likely due to intense near surface scattering. S phases begin to emerge from the scattered background at and beyond 100 km. We identified regional Pn, Pg and Lg phases to 446 km for SPE-5. The data set is, unfortunately, plagued by poorly recorded instrument responses, or, possibly, time varying site amplification due to human interaction with sensors. Instrument response issues should be fixable, and this should be attempted to make this a truly, high-quality data set for use by the monitoring community.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1492631
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-20310
DOE Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Phillips, William Scott, and Stead, Richard J. A Traditional Look at SPE Phase 1 Surface Seismic Data. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1492631.
Phillips, William Scott, & Stead, Richard J. A Traditional Look at SPE Phase 1 Surface Seismic Data. United States. doi:10.2172/1492631.
Phillips, William Scott, and Stead, Richard J. Wed . "A Traditional Look at SPE Phase 1 Surface Seismic Data". United States. doi:10.2172/1492631. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1492631.
@article{osti_1492631,
title = {A Traditional Look at SPE Phase 1 Surface Seismic Data},
author = {Phillips, William Scott and Stead, Richard J.},
abstractNote = {We visually examined surface seismic data from the Source Physics Experiment (SPE) Phase-1 chemical explosions in preparation for waveform analysis and interpretation. Recording stations included far-field (near source) geophone lines, and both permanent network, reoccupied USArray, and temporary stations at local and regional distances. We found that near-source waveforms are dominated by broad band compressional (P), and band limited surface wave (Rg) (< 10 Hz) phases. Distinct, consistent shear (S) phases are difficult to observe visually even with a comprehensive bank of frequency bands. Secondary phases are indistinct at near-local distances, unlike for earthquake sources, especially at the high frequencies of interest for discrimination (e.g. 4-8 Hz), likely due to intense near surface scattering. S phases begin to emerge from the scattered background at and beyond 100 km. We identified regional Pn, Pg and Lg phases to 446 km for SPE-5. The data set is, unfortunately, plagued by poorly recorded instrument responses, or, possibly, time varying site amplification due to human interaction with sensors. Instrument response issues should be fixable, and this should be attempted to make this a truly, high-quality data set for use by the monitoring community.},
doi = {10.2172/1492631},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Technical Report:

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