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Title: The Effect of Solvent on the Capacity Retention in a Germanium Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries

Abstract

A thin and mechanically stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is desirable for a stable cyclic performance in a lithium ion battery. For the electrodes that undergo a large volume expansion such as Si, Ge and Sn, the presence of a robust SEI layer can improve the capacity retention. In this work, the role of solvent choice on the electrochemical performance of Ge electrode is presented by a systematic comparison of the SEI layers in EC-based and FEC-based electrolytes. The results show that the presence of FEC as a co-solvent in a binary or ternary solvent electrolyte results in an excellent capacity retention of ~ 85% after 200 cycles at the current density of 500 mA·g-1; while EC-based electrode suffers a rapid capacity degradation with a capacity retention of just 17% at the end of 200 cycles. Post analysis by an extensive use of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was carried out, which showed that the presence of Li2O in FEC-based SEIs was the origin for the improved electrochemical performance.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [4]
  1. Department of Chemical Engineering,University of South Carolina,Columbia, SC 29208
  2. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory,Energy and Environment Directorate,Richland, WA 99354
  3. Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory,Pacific Northwest National Laboratory,Richland, WA 99354
  4. Department of Chemical Engineering,University of South Carolina,Columbia, SC 29208,; Department of Chemical Engineering,Institute for Materials Research and Innovation,University of Louisiana at Lafayette,Lafayette, LA 70503e-mail: zhou@louisiana.edu
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1492522
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-122448
Journal ID: ISSN 2381-6872
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2381-6872
Publisher:
ASME
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Mishra, Kuber, Xu, Wu, Engelhard, Mark H., Cao, Ruiguo, Xiao, Jie, Zhang, Ji-Guang, and Zhou, Xiao-Dong. The Effect of Solvent on the Capacity Retention in a Germanium Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1115/1.4039860.
Mishra, Kuber, Xu, Wu, Engelhard, Mark H., Cao, Ruiguo, Xiao, Jie, Zhang, Ji-Guang, & Zhou, Xiao-Dong. The Effect of Solvent on the Capacity Retention in a Germanium Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1115/1.4039860.
Mishra, Kuber, Xu, Wu, Engelhard, Mark H., Cao, Ruiguo, Xiao, Jie, Zhang, Ji-Guang, and Zhou, Xiao-Dong. Wed . "The Effect of Solvent on the Capacity Retention in a Germanium Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1115/1.4039860.
@article{osti_1492522,
title = {The Effect of Solvent on the Capacity Retention in a Germanium Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries},
author = {Mishra, Kuber and Xu, Wu and Engelhard, Mark H. and Cao, Ruiguo and Xiao, Jie and Zhang, Ji-Guang and Zhou, Xiao-Dong},
abstractNote = {A thin and mechanically stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is desirable for a stable cyclic performance in a lithium ion battery. For the electrodes that undergo a large volume expansion such as Si, Ge and Sn, the presence of a robust SEI layer can improve the capacity retention. In this work, the role of solvent choice on the electrochemical performance of Ge electrode is presented by a systematic comparison of the SEI layers in EC-based and FEC-based electrolytes. The results show that the presence of FEC as a co-solvent in a binary or ternary solvent electrolyte results in an excellent capacity retention of ~ 85% after 200 cycles at the current density of 500 mA·g-1; while EC-based electrode suffers a rapid capacity degradation with a capacity retention of just 17% at the end of 200 cycles. Post analysis by an extensive use of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was carried out, which showed that the presence of Li2O in FEC-based SEIs was the origin for the improved electrochemical performance.},
doi = {10.1115/1.4039860},
journal = {Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology (Online)},
issn = {2381-6872},
number = 4,
volume = 15,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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