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Title: Implementations and Evaluations of Wind Turbine Inertial Controls With FAST and Digital Real-Time Simulations

Abstract

This paper presents a novel simulation approach to evaluate new ancillary service controls in the context of large-scale wind power integration. We adopt and compare different types of turbine inertial control methods with the proposed modifications to cope with realistic wind conditions in the field. The simulation procedure is started with the software-based simulation, in which we employ the high-fidelity wind turbine simulator FAST that models a real three-bladed controls advanced research turbine (CART3). The advantages of using FAST are that it can provide convincing simulation results and address the interactions between turbine electrical and mechanical systems. The developed controller model is then rapidly prototyped for the real-time simulation with the hardware-in-the-loop scheme. CART3 will respond to a virtual frequency event triggered in the emulated electric grid modeled in a digital real-time simulator. The introduced simulation platform streamlines the procedure of designing turbine auxiliary controls, and these simulations results give insights on the turbine controls and their impacts on the interconnected power system, as well as the effects on turbine mechanical components. For example, the results indicate that the inertial controls tend to reduce the out-of-plane mechanical loadings in region 2, while such loadings are dominated by the pitch actionsmore » in region 3.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ORCiD logo;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1492514
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5D00-73184
Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8969
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8969
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; inertial response; HIL; DRTS; wind power integrations; ancillary service

Citation Formats

Wang, Xiao, Gao, David Wenzhong, Wang, Jianhui, Yan, Weihang, Gao, Wei, Muljadi, Eduard, and Gevorgian, Vahan. Implementations and Evaluations of Wind Turbine Inertial Controls With FAST and Digital Real-Time Simulations. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1109/TEC.2018.2849022.
Wang, Xiao, Gao, David Wenzhong, Wang, Jianhui, Yan, Weihang, Gao, Wei, Muljadi, Eduard, & Gevorgian, Vahan. Implementations and Evaluations of Wind Turbine Inertial Controls With FAST and Digital Real-Time Simulations. United States. doi:10.1109/TEC.2018.2849022.
Wang, Xiao, Gao, David Wenzhong, Wang, Jianhui, Yan, Weihang, Gao, Wei, Muljadi, Eduard, and Gevorgian, Vahan. Sat . "Implementations and Evaluations of Wind Turbine Inertial Controls With FAST and Digital Real-Time Simulations". United States. doi:10.1109/TEC.2018.2849022.
@article{osti_1492514,
title = {Implementations and Evaluations of Wind Turbine Inertial Controls With FAST and Digital Real-Time Simulations},
author = {Wang, Xiao and Gao, David Wenzhong and Wang, Jianhui and Yan, Weihang and Gao, Wei and Muljadi, Eduard and Gevorgian, Vahan},
abstractNote = {This paper presents a novel simulation approach to evaluate new ancillary service controls in the context of large-scale wind power integration. We adopt and compare different types of turbine inertial control methods with the proposed modifications to cope with realistic wind conditions in the field. The simulation procedure is started with the software-based simulation, in which we employ the high-fidelity wind turbine simulator FAST that models a real three-bladed controls advanced research turbine (CART3). The advantages of using FAST are that it can provide convincing simulation results and address the interactions between turbine electrical and mechanical systems. The developed controller model is then rapidly prototyped for the real-time simulation with the hardware-in-the-loop scheme. CART3 will respond to a virtual frequency event triggered in the emulated electric grid modeled in a digital real-time simulator. The introduced simulation platform streamlines the procedure of designing turbine auxiliary controls, and these simulations results give insights on the turbine controls and their impacts on the interconnected power system, as well as the effects on turbine mechanical components. For example, the results indicate that the inertial controls tend to reduce the out-of-plane mechanical loadings in region 2, while such loadings are dominated by the pitch actions in region 3.},
doi = {10.1109/TEC.2018.2849022},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion},
issn = {0885-8969},
number = 4,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}