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Title: Gel based sulfur cathodes with a high sulfur content and large mass loading for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries

Abstract

A significantly improved conductive matrix design for the sulfur electrode is essential to solve several problems related to sulfur electrochemistry toward the development of practical lithium–sulfur batteries (LSBs). Great progress has been made by using a variety of carbon-based nanostructures for physically and chemically confining soluble polysulfides as well as providing conductive paths. However, most of these electrode designs have a low sulfur content or a low sulfur loading, leading to a low specific capacity or low areal capacity at the electrode level. Herein, intrinsically N- and O-doped carbon nanoribbon (CNR) aerogels, obtained by pyrolysis of bacterial cellulose (BC) aerogels, were employed to form gel-based sulfur cathodes, simultaneously achieving both a high sulfur content and a high sulfur loading. With a sulfur loading of 6.4 mg cm−2 and a sulfur content of 90% at the whole electrode (including the current collector) level, a capacity as high as 943 mA h g−1 was achieved, which corresponds to an areal capacity of 5.9 mA h cm−2. The outstanding cell performance is attributed to the gel based cathode structure, which can strongly hold a large amount of the catholyte and relieve the shuttle effect of lithium polysulfides.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Nano Tech Center; Texas Tech University; Lubbock; USA
  2. School of Chemical, Biological and Materials Engineering and Center for Interfacial Reaction Engineering (CIRE); University of Oklahoma; Norman; USA
  3. Materials Characterization Center; Whitacre College of Engineering; Texas Tech University; Lubbock; USA
  4. Chongqing Key Laboratory of Chemical Process for Clean Energy and Resource Utilization; School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; Chongqing University; Chongqing 400044; China
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory-National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1492057
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0004600
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Li, Shiqi, Mou, Tong, Ren, Guofeng, Warzywoda, Juliusz, Wei, Zidong, Wang, Bin, and Fan, Zhaoyang. Gel based sulfur cathodes with a high sulfur content and large mass loading for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/c6ta09841j.
Li, Shiqi, Mou, Tong, Ren, Guofeng, Warzywoda, Juliusz, Wei, Zidong, Wang, Bin, & Fan, Zhaoyang. Gel based sulfur cathodes with a high sulfur content and large mass loading for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries. United States. doi:10.1039/c6ta09841j.
Li, Shiqi, Mou, Tong, Ren, Guofeng, Warzywoda, Juliusz, Wei, Zidong, Wang, Bin, and Fan, Zhaoyang. Sun . "Gel based sulfur cathodes with a high sulfur content and large mass loading for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries". United States. doi:10.1039/c6ta09841j.
@article{osti_1492057,
title = {Gel based sulfur cathodes with a high sulfur content and large mass loading for high-performance lithium–sulfur batteries},
author = {Li, Shiqi and Mou, Tong and Ren, Guofeng and Warzywoda, Juliusz and Wei, Zidong and Wang, Bin and Fan, Zhaoyang},
abstractNote = {A significantly improved conductive matrix design for the sulfur electrode is essential to solve several problems related to sulfur electrochemistry toward the development of practical lithium–sulfur batteries (LSBs). Great progress has been made by using a variety of carbon-based nanostructures for physically and chemically confining soluble polysulfides as well as providing conductive paths. However, most of these electrode designs have a low sulfur content or a low sulfur loading, leading to a low specific capacity or low areal capacity at the electrode level. Herein, intrinsically N- and O-doped carbon nanoribbon (CNR) aerogels, obtained by pyrolysis of bacterial cellulose (BC) aerogels, were employed to form gel-based sulfur cathodes, simultaneously achieving both a high sulfur content and a high sulfur loading. With a sulfur loading of 6.4 mg cm−2 and a sulfur content of 90% at the whole electrode (including the current collector) level, a capacity as high as 943 mA h g−1 was achieved, which corresponds to an areal capacity of 5.9 mA h cm−2. The outstanding cell performance is attributed to the gel based cathode structure, which can strongly hold a large amount of the catholyte and relieve the shuttle effect of lithium polysulfides.},
doi = {10.1039/c6ta09841j},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry A},
issn = {2050-7488},
number = 4,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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