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Title: A Novel Sliding Mode Network Perimeter Controller

Abstract

Congestion in urban areas is a chronic problem that faces many US and worldwide cities. It results in inefficient use of the infrastructure as well as increased fuel consumption and vehicle emissions. Congestion is intertwined with delay. Road users waste precious hours on the road, which reduces productivity. Throughout this decade researchers were and are developing tools and systems that alleviate this problem. Network perimeter control is one of these tools that has been studied extensively. It attempts to control the flow of vehicles entering a protected area so as not to reach the congested regime that is pre-determined using the Network Fundamental Diagram (NFD). In this paper, we present a novel and simple approach derived from sliding mode control theory that achieves the desired objective. Its main advantages over other control strategies include but are not limited to (1) ease of implementation, (2) minimal and straightforward model tuning, and (3) high performance. This controller was implemented and tested on a congested grid network. The results show that, the new logic performs as expected, producing network-wide delay savings that are consistent with other control approaches described in the literature. Furthermore, unlike other controllers, we demonstrate that the controller is robustmore » to its hyper-parameter values, making the algorithm easy to implement and calibrate to local conditions. http://pubsindex.trb.org/« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Virginia Tech Transportation Institute
  2. Virginia Tech Transportation Institute; Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1491352
Report Number(s):
DOE-VT-0008209-C03
DOE Contract Number:  
EE0008209
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: The Transportation Research Board (TRB) 98th Annual Meeting , Walter E. Washington Convention Center, Washington, D.C., January 13–17, 2019
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Sliding mode control, network perimeter control, network fundamental diagram, traffic signal control

Citation Formats

Bichiou, Youssef, Elouni, Maha, and Rakha, Hesham. A Novel Sliding Mode Network Perimeter Controller. United States: N. p., 2019. Web.
Bichiou, Youssef, Elouni, Maha, & Rakha, Hesham. A Novel Sliding Mode Network Perimeter Controller. United States.
Bichiou, Youssef, Elouni, Maha, and Rakha, Hesham. Tue . "A Novel Sliding Mode Network Perimeter Controller". United States.
@article{osti_1491352,
title = {A Novel Sliding Mode Network Perimeter Controller},
author = {Bichiou, Youssef and Elouni, Maha and Rakha, Hesham},
abstractNote = {Congestion in urban areas is a chronic problem that faces many US and worldwide cities. It results in inefficient use of the infrastructure as well as increased fuel consumption and vehicle emissions. Congestion is intertwined with delay. Road users waste precious hours on the road, which reduces productivity. Throughout this decade researchers were and are developing tools and systems that alleviate this problem. Network perimeter control is one of these tools that has been studied extensively. It attempts to control the flow of vehicles entering a protected area so as not to reach the congested regime that is pre-determined using the Network Fundamental Diagram (NFD). In this paper, we present a novel and simple approach derived from sliding mode control theory that achieves the desired objective. Its main advantages over other control strategies include but are not limited to (1) ease of implementation, (2) minimal and straightforward model tuning, and (3) high performance. This controller was implemented and tested on a congested grid network. The results show that, the new logic performs as expected, producing network-wide delay savings that are consistent with other control approaches described in the literature. Furthermore, unlike other controllers, we demonstrate that the controller is robust to its hyper-parameter values, making the algorithm easy to implement and calibrate to local conditions. http://pubsindex.trb.org/},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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