skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Observation of an Unusual Upward-Going Cosmic-Ray-like Event in the Third Flight of ANITA

Abstract

We report here on an upward traveling, radio-detected cosmic-ray-like impulsive event with characteristics closely matching an extensive air shower. This event, observed in the third flight of the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA), a NASA-sponsored long-duration balloon payload, is consistent with a similar event reported in a previous flight. These events could be produced by the atmospheric decay of an upward-propagating τ lepton produced by a ν τ interaction, although their relatively steep arrival angles create tension with the standard model neutrino cross section. Each of the two events have a posteriori background estimates of 10 - 2 events. If these are generated by τ -lepton decay, then either the charged-current ν τ cross section is suppressed at EeV energies, or the events arise at moments when the peak flux of a transient neutrino source was much larger than the typical expected cosmogenic background neutrinos.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
ANITA Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1490161
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1478597
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; 1255557
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; cosmic ray & astroparticle detectors; cosmic rays & astroparticles; extrasolar neutrino astronomy; particle astrophysics

Citation Formats

Gorham, P. W., Rotter, B., Allison, P., Banerjee, O., Batten, L., Beatty, J. J., Bechtol, K., Belov, K., Besson, D. Z., Binns, W. R., Bugaev, V., Cao, P., Chen, C. C., Chen, C. H., Chen, P., Clem, J. M., Connolly, A., Cremonesi, L., Dailey, B., Deaconu, C., Dowkontt, P. F., Fox, B. D., Gordon, J. W. H., Hast, C., Hill, B., Hughes, K., Huang, J. J., Hupe, R., Israel, M. H., Javaid, A., Lam, J., Liewer, K. M., Lin, S. Y., Liu, T. C., Ludwig, A., Macchiarulo, L., Matsuno, S., Miki, C., Mulrey, K., Nam, J., Naudet, C. J., Nichol, R. J., Novikov, A., Oberla, E., Olmedo, M., Prechelt, R., Prohira, S., Rauch, B. F., Roberts, J. M., Romero-Wolf, A., Russell, J. W., Saltzberg, D., Seckel, D., Schoorlemmer, H., Shiao, J., Stafford, S., Stockham, J., Stockham, M., Strutt, B., Varner, G. S., Vieregg, A. G., Wang, S. H., and Wissel, S. A. Observation of an Unusual Upward-Going Cosmic-Ray-like Event in the Third Flight of ANITA. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.121.161102.
Gorham, P. W., Rotter, B., Allison, P., Banerjee, O., Batten, L., Beatty, J. J., Bechtol, K., Belov, K., Besson, D. Z., Binns, W. R., Bugaev, V., Cao, P., Chen, C. C., Chen, C. H., Chen, P., Clem, J. M., Connolly, A., Cremonesi, L., Dailey, B., Deaconu, C., Dowkontt, P. F., Fox, B. D., Gordon, J. W. H., Hast, C., Hill, B., Hughes, K., Huang, J. J., Hupe, R., Israel, M. H., Javaid, A., Lam, J., Liewer, K. M., Lin, S. Y., Liu, T. C., Ludwig, A., Macchiarulo, L., Matsuno, S., Miki, C., Mulrey, K., Nam, J., Naudet, C. J., Nichol, R. J., Novikov, A., Oberla, E., Olmedo, M., Prechelt, R., Prohira, S., Rauch, B. F., Roberts, J. M., Romero-Wolf, A., Russell, J. W., Saltzberg, D., Seckel, D., Schoorlemmer, H., Shiao, J., Stafford, S., Stockham, J., Stockham, M., Strutt, B., Varner, G. S., Vieregg, A. G., Wang, S. H., & Wissel, S. A. Observation of an Unusual Upward-Going Cosmic-Ray-like Event in the Third Flight of ANITA. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.121.161102.
Gorham, P. W., Rotter, B., Allison, P., Banerjee, O., Batten, L., Beatty, J. J., Bechtol, K., Belov, K., Besson, D. Z., Binns, W. R., Bugaev, V., Cao, P., Chen, C. C., Chen, C. H., Chen, P., Clem, J. M., Connolly, A., Cremonesi, L., Dailey, B., Deaconu, C., Dowkontt, P. F., Fox, B. D., Gordon, J. W. H., Hast, C., Hill, B., Hughes, K., Huang, J. J., Hupe, R., Israel, M. H., Javaid, A., Lam, J., Liewer, K. M., Lin, S. Y., Liu, T. C., Ludwig, A., Macchiarulo, L., Matsuno, S., Miki, C., Mulrey, K., Nam, J., Naudet, C. J., Nichol, R. J., Novikov, A., Oberla, E., Olmedo, M., Prechelt, R., Prohira, S., Rauch, B. F., Roberts, J. M., Romero-Wolf, A., Russell, J. W., Saltzberg, D., Seckel, D., Schoorlemmer, H., Shiao, J., Stafford, S., Stockham, J., Stockham, M., Strutt, B., Varner, G. S., Vieregg, A. G., Wang, S. H., and Wissel, S. A. Thu . "Observation of an Unusual Upward-Going Cosmic-Ray-like Event in the Third Flight of ANITA". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.121.161102. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1490161.
@article{osti_1490161,
title = {Observation of an Unusual Upward-Going Cosmic-Ray-like Event in the Third Flight of ANITA},
author = {Gorham, P. W. and Rotter, B. and Allison, P. and Banerjee, O. and Batten, L. and Beatty, J. J. and Bechtol, K. and Belov, K. and Besson, D. Z. and Binns, W. R. and Bugaev, V. and Cao, P. and Chen, C. C. and Chen, C. H. and Chen, P. and Clem, J. M. and Connolly, A. and Cremonesi, L. and Dailey, B. and Deaconu, C. and Dowkontt, P. F. and Fox, B. D. and Gordon, J. W. H. and Hast, C. and Hill, B. and Hughes, K. and Huang, J. J. and Hupe, R. and Israel, M. H. and Javaid, A. and Lam, J. and Liewer, K. M. and Lin, S. Y. and Liu, T. C. and Ludwig, A. and Macchiarulo, L. and Matsuno, S. and Miki, C. and Mulrey, K. and Nam, J. and Naudet, C. J. and Nichol, R. J. and Novikov, A. and Oberla, E. and Olmedo, M. and Prechelt, R. and Prohira, S. and Rauch, B. F. and Roberts, J. M. and Romero-Wolf, A. and Russell, J. W. and Saltzberg, D. and Seckel, D. and Schoorlemmer, H. and Shiao, J. and Stafford, S. and Stockham, J. and Stockham, M. and Strutt, B. and Varner, G. S. and Vieregg, A. G. and Wang, S. H. and Wissel, S. A.},
abstractNote = {We report here on an upward traveling, radio-detected cosmic-ray-like impulsive event with characteristics closely matching an extensive air shower. This event, observed in the third flight of the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA), a NASA-sponsored long-duration balloon payload, is consistent with a similar event reported in a previous flight. These events could be produced by the atmospheric decay of an upward-propagating τ lepton produced by a ντ interaction, although their relatively steep arrival angles create tension with the standard model neutrino cross section. Each of the two events have a posteriori background estimates of ≲10-2 events. If these are generated by τ-lepton decay, then either the charged-current ντ cross section is suppressed at EeV energies, or the events arise at moments when the peak flux of a transient neutrino source was much larger than the typical expected cosmogenic background neutrinos.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.121.161102},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 16,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 20 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Geomagnetic correlation of 20 UHECR events detected in ANITA-Ⅲ, with event planes-of-polarization determined via Stokes parameters for each event. The two above-horizon non-inverted CRs are shown in red, and the anomalous non-inverted, below-horizon CR-like event 15717147 is shown in magenta.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Thunderstorm electric fields probed by extensive air showers through their polarized radio emission
journal, April 2017


Comprehensive approach to tau-lepton production by high-energy tau neutrinos propagating through the Earth
journal, January 2018

  • Alvarez-Muñiz, Jaime; Carvalho, Washington R.; Payet, Kévin
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 97, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.023021

Type Ia Supernova Light Curves
journal, June 2007

  • Woosley, S. E.; Kasen, D.; Blinnikov, S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 662, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/513732

Tau Neutrino Appearance with a 1000 Megaparsec Baseline
journal, November 1998


Coherent radiation from extensive air showers in the ultrahigh frequency band
journal, December 2012

  • Alvarez-Muñiz, Jaime; Carvalho, Washington R.; Romero-Wolf, Andrés
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 86, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.123007

Antarctic Surface Reflectivity Measurements from the ANITA-3 and HiCal-1 Experiments
journal, April 2017

  • Gorham, P. W.; Allison, P.; Banerjee, O.
  • Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, Vol. 06, Issue 02
  • DOI: 10.1142/S2251171717400025

Upward-Pointing Cosmic-Ray-like Events Observed with ANITA
conference, August 2018

  • Romero-Wolf, Andres; Nam, J.; Hoover, S.
  • Proceedings of 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference — PoS(ICRC2017)
  • DOI: 10.22323/1.301.0935

Origin of transionospheric pulse pairs
journal, March 2017


Search for astrophysical tau neutrinos in three years of IceCube data
journal, January 2016


Observability of Earth-Skimming Ultrahigh Energy Neutrinos
journal, April 2002


Ultra-high-energy cosmic ray acceleration in engine-driven relativistic supernovae
journal, February 2011

  • Chakraborti, S.; Ray, A.; Soderberg, A. M.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1178

Can transition radiation explain the ANITA event 3985267?
journal, February 2017


Characteristics of Four Upward-Pointing Cosmic-Ray-like Events Observed with ANITA
journal, August 2016


THE DETECTION OF A SN IIn IN OPTICAL FOLLOW-UP OBSERVATIONS OF ICECUBE NEUTRINO EVENTS
journal, September 2015


Energy and flux measurements of ultra-high energy cosmic rays observed during the first ANITA flight
journal, April 2016


Observations of the Askaryan Effect in Ice
journal, October 2007


Improved limit to the diffuse flux of ultrahigh energy neutrinos from the Pierre Auger Observatory
journal, May 2015


Constraints on the diffuse high-energy neutrino flux from the third flight of ANITA
journal, July 2018


Ultrahigh energy neutrino-nucleon scattering and parton distributions at small x
journal, May 2006


Ultrahigh-Energy Neutrino-Nucleon Deep-Inelastic Scattering and the Froissart Bound
journal, June 2011


Earthquake Relocation and Focal Mechanism Determination Using Waveform Cross Correlation, Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica
journal, June 2006

  • Hansen, S. E.
  • Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 96, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1785/0120050129

Observation of Ultrahigh-Energy Cosmic Rays with the ANITA Balloon-Borne Radio Interferometer
journal, October 2010


Air-shower spectroscopy at horizons
journal, July 2006


Charged current neutrino cross section and tau energy loss at ultrahigh energies
journal, January 2008


An interferometric analysis method for radio impulses from ultra-high energy particle showers
journal, January 2015


Relativistic-microwave theory of ball lightning
journal, June 2016


Ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays from tidally-ignited white dwarfs
journal, November 2017


Practical and accurate calculations of Askaryan radiation
journal, November 2011


Ultrahigh energy tau neutrino flux regeneration while skimming the Earth
journal, September 2008


Observation of the Askaryan Effect: Coherent Microwave Cherenkov Emission from Charge Asymmetry in High-Energy Particle Cascades
journal, March 2001


Automatic determination of first-motion polarity and its application to focal mechanism analysis of microseismic events
journal, September 2017


Accelerator Measurements of Magnetically Induced Radio Emission from Particle Cascades with Applications to Cosmic-Ray Air Showers
journal, April 2016


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.