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Title: A Review of Metastable Beta Titanium Alloys

Abstract

In this article, we provide a broad and extensive review of beta titanium alloys. Beta titanium alloys are an important class of alloys that have found use in demanding applications such as aircraft structures and engines, and orthopedic and orthodontic implants. Their high strength, good corrosion resistance, excellent biocompatibility, and ease of fabrication provide significant advantages compared to other high performance alloys. The body-centered cubic (bcc) ß-phase is metastable at temperatures below the beta transus temperature, providing these alloys with a wide range of microstructures and mechanical properties through processing and heat treatment. One attribute important for biomedical applications is the ability to adjust the modulus of elasticity through alloying and altering phase volume fractions. Furthermore, since these alloys are metastable, they experience stress-induced transformations in response to deformation. The attributes of these alloys make them the subject of many recent studies. In addition, researchers are pursuing development of new metastable and near-beta Ti alloys for advanced applications. In this article, we review several important topics of these alloys including phase stability, development history, thermo-mechanical processing and heat treatment, and stress-induced transformations. In addition, we address recent developments in new alloys, phase stability, superelasticity, and additive manufacturing.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1490050
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-137081
Journal ID: ISSN 2075-4701; MBSEC7
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Metals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2075-4701
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
beta phase, metastable, titanium, aircraft, biomedical, superelasticity, additive manufacturing

Citation Formats

Kolli, R., and Devaraj, Arun. A Review of Metastable Beta Titanium Alloys. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/met8070506.
Kolli, R., & Devaraj, Arun. A Review of Metastable Beta Titanium Alloys. United States. doi:10.3390/met8070506.
Kolli, R., and Devaraj, Arun. Sat . "A Review of Metastable Beta Titanium Alloys". United States. doi:10.3390/met8070506.
@article{osti_1490050,
title = {A Review of Metastable Beta Titanium Alloys},
author = {Kolli, R. and Devaraj, Arun},
abstractNote = {In this article, we provide a broad and extensive review of beta titanium alloys. Beta titanium alloys are an important class of alloys that have found use in demanding applications such as aircraft structures and engines, and orthopedic and orthodontic implants. Their high strength, good corrosion resistance, excellent biocompatibility, and ease of fabrication provide significant advantages compared to other high performance alloys. The body-centered cubic (bcc) ß-phase is metastable at temperatures below the beta transus temperature, providing these alloys with a wide range of microstructures and mechanical properties through processing and heat treatment. One attribute important for biomedical applications is the ability to adjust the modulus of elasticity through alloying and altering phase volume fractions. Furthermore, since these alloys are metastable, they experience stress-induced transformations in response to deformation. The attributes of these alloys make them the subject of many recent studies. In addition, researchers are pursuing development of new metastable and near-beta Ti alloys for advanced applications. In this article, we review several important topics of these alloys including phase stability, development history, thermo-mechanical processing and heat treatment, and stress-induced transformations. In addition, we address recent developments in new alloys, phase stability, superelasticity, and additive manufacturing.},
doi = {10.3390/met8070506},
journal = {Metals},
issn = {2075-4701},
number = 7,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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  • Davis, R.; Flower, H. M.; West, D. R. F.
  • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00772735

Mechanical twinning and omega transition by ⟨111⟩ {112} shear in a metastable β titanium alloy
journal, July 2008


In-vitro evaluation of the material characteristics of stainless steel and beta-titanium orthodontic wires
journal, October 2006

  • Verstrynge, Astrid; Van Humbeeck, Jan; Willems, Guy
  • American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vol. 130, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2004.12.030

On the hardenability of Nb-modified metastable beta Ti-5553 alloy
journal, May 2016


Methods of titanium sponge production
journal, October 2008

  • Nagesh, Ch. R. V. S.; Ramachandran, C. S.; Subramanyam, R. B.
  • Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, Vol. 61, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s12666-008-0065-7

Evolution of the secondary α phase morphologies during isothermal heat treatment in Ti-7333 alloy
journal, November 2013


Development of Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-1Al-8V-5Fe Alloys Using Low-Cost TiH2 Powder Feedstock
journal, September 2012

  • Joshi, Vineet V.; Lavender, Curt; Moxon, Vladimir
  • Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 22, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11665-012-0386-x

Study of {332}<113> twinning in a multilayered Ti-10Mo-xFe (x = 1–3) alloy by ECCI and EBSD
journal, May 2016

  • Gutierrez-Urrutia, Ivan; Li, Cheng-Lin; Emura, Satoshi
  • Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, Vol. 17, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1080/14686996.2016.1177439

Deformation twinning of titanium β-alloys of transition class
journal, May 2006

  • Rusakov, G. M.; Litvinov, A. V.; Litvinov, V. S.
  • Metal Science and Heat Treatment, Vol. 48, Issue 5-6
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11041-006-0078-y

Effect of β grain size on stress induced martensitic transformation in β solution treated Ti–10V–2Fe–3Al alloy
journal, July 2005