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Title: A Review of Flow Analysis Methods for Determination of Radionuclides in Nuclear Wastes and Nuclear Reactor Coolants

Abstract

The safety and security nuclear power plant operations depends on the application of the most appropriate techniques and methods of chemical analysis, where modern flow analysis methods find increasing applications. Nevetheless, the current status of development of these methods is more limited than might be expected from their authentic advantages. The main aim of this contribution is to review automated flow analysis procedures developed with various detection methods for application in the nuclear energy industry. The flow analysis methods for determination of radionuclides that have been reported to date have been primarily focused mainly on environmental applications. The needs and benefits of the application of flow methods for the monitoring of nuclear wastes and for process analysis of the primary circuit coolants of light water nuclear reactors are discussed. Application of continuous flow methods (CFA) or injection methods (FIA, SIA) of flow analysis with radiometric detection shorterns the time of analysis and improves precision of determinations due to mechanization of time-consuming operations of sample processing. The use of mass spectrometry (MS) detection enables multicomponent analyses and determination of transuranic isotopes with much better limits of detection compared to radiometric detection.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1490047
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-131578
Journal ID: ISSN 0039-9140
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Talanta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 183; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0039-9140
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
radiochemical analysis, Sequential Injection and Flow Injection Methods, Mass Spectometry, radiometric measurements

Citation Formats

Trojanowicz, Marek, Kołacińska, Kamila, and Grate, Jay W. A Review of Flow Analysis Methods for Determination of Radionuclides in Nuclear Wastes and Nuclear Reactor Coolants. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2018.02.050.
Trojanowicz, Marek, Kołacińska, Kamila, & Grate, Jay W. A Review of Flow Analysis Methods for Determination of Radionuclides in Nuclear Wastes and Nuclear Reactor Coolants. United States. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2018.02.050.
Trojanowicz, Marek, Kołacińska, Kamila, and Grate, Jay W. Fri . "A Review of Flow Analysis Methods for Determination of Radionuclides in Nuclear Wastes and Nuclear Reactor Coolants". United States. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2018.02.050.
@article{osti_1490047,
title = {A Review of Flow Analysis Methods for Determination of Radionuclides in Nuclear Wastes and Nuclear Reactor Coolants},
author = {Trojanowicz, Marek and Kołacińska, Kamila and Grate, Jay W.},
abstractNote = {The safety and security nuclear power plant operations depends on the application of the most appropriate techniques and methods of chemical analysis, where modern flow analysis methods find increasing applications. Nevetheless, the current status of development of these methods is more limited than might be expected from their authentic advantages. The main aim of this contribution is to review automated flow analysis procedures developed with various detection methods for application in the nuclear energy industry. The flow analysis methods for determination of radionuclides that have been reported to date have been primarily focused mainly on environmental applications. The needs and benefits of the application of flow methods for the monitoring of nuclear wastes and for process analysis of the primary circuit coolants of light water nuclear reactors are discussed. Application of continuous flow methods (CFA) or injection methods (FIA, SIA) of flow analysis with radiometric detection shorterns the time of analysis and improves precision of determinations due to mechanization of time-consuming operations of sample processing. The use of mass spectrometry (MS) detection enables multicomponent analyses and determination of transuranic isotopes with much better limits of detection compared to radiometric detection.},
doi = {10.1016/j.talanta.2018.02.050},
journal = {Talanta},
issn = {0039-9140},
number = C,
volume = 183,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}