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Title: A Multi-Model Assessment of Energy and Emissions for India’s Transport Sector through 2050

Abstract

Transportation contributes to a significant and rising share of energy consumption and GHG emissions in India. Modeling of energy use and emissions is important for understanding of future trends and informing policymaking. This paper provides baseline projections of energy consumption and emission estimates for India’s road transport sector up to 2050. Based on the results from five energy-economic modeling teams, the paper explores the developments in India’s passenger and freight road transport. This inter-model comparison study explores changes in the transportation modal shift and the resulting changes in energy consumption, CO 2 and particulate matter (PM 2.5) emissions. Energy consumption by freight transport is projected to grow faster than by passenger vehicles. Under the reference scenario, PM 2.5 and CO 2 emissions will continue to grow, creating challenges in meeting long-term climate mitigation goals; passenger transport will emit an increasingly larger share of transport PM 2.5 emissions. This paper then attempts to assess the underlying assumptions, data uncertainties and data gaps in the baseline projections for India’s road transport.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1489988
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-127815
Journal ID: ISSN 0301-4215
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Energy Policy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0301-4215
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
India, transport, energy consumption, emissions, intermodel comparison

Citation Formats

Paladugula, Anantha Lakshmi, Kholod, Nazar, Chaturvedi, Vaibhav, Ghosh, Probal Pratap, Pal, Sarbojit, Clarke, Leon, Evans, Meredydd, Kyle, Page, Koti, Poonam Nagar, Parikh, Kirit, Qamar, Sharif, and Wilson, Sangeetha Ann. A Multi-Model Assessment of Energy and Emissions for India’s Transport Sector through 2050. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2018.01.037.
Paladugula, Anantha Lakshmi, Kholod, Nazar, Chaturvedi, Vaibhav, Ghosh, Probal Pratap, Pal, Sarbojit, Clarke, Leon, Evans, Meredydd, Kyle, Page, Koti, Poonam Nagar, Parikh, Kirit, Qamar, Sharif, & Wilson, Sangeetha Ann. A Multi-Model Assessment of Energy and Emissions for India’s Transport Sector through 2050. United States. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2018.01.037.
Paladugula, Anantha Lakshmi, Kholod, Nazar, Chaturvedi, Vaibhav, Ghosh, Probal Pratap, Pal, Sarbojit, Clarke, Leon, Evans, Meredydd, Kyle, Page, Koti, Poonam Nagar, Parikh, Kirit, Qamar, Sharif, and Wilson, Sangeetha Ann. Tue . "A Multi-Model Assessment of Energy and Emissions for India’s Transport Sector through 2050". United States. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2018.01.037.
@article{osti_1489988,
title = {A Multi-Model Assessment of Energy and Emissions for India’s Transport Sector through 2050},
author = {Paladugula, Anantha Lakshmi and Kholod, Nazar and Chaturvedi, Vaibhav and Ghosh, Probal Pratap and Pal, Sarbojit and Clarke, Leon and Evans, Meredydd and Kyle, Page and Koti, Poonam Nagar and Parikh, Kirit and Qamar, Sharif and Wilson, Sangeetha Ann},
abstractNote = {Transportation contributes to a significant and rising share of energy consumption and GHG emissions in India. Modeling of energy use and emissions is important for understanding of future trends and informing policymaking. This paper provides baseline projections of energy consumption and emission estimates for India’s road transport sector up to 2050. Based on the results from five energy-economic modeling teams, the paper explores the developments in India’s passenger and freight road transport. This inter-model comparison study explores changes in the transportation modal shift and the resulting changes in energy consumption, CO2 and particulate matter (PM2.5) emissions. Energy consumption by freight transport is projected to grow faster than by passenger vehicles. Under the reference scenario, PM2.5 and CO2 emissions will continue to grow, creating challenges in meeting long-term climate mitigation goals; passenger transport will emit an increasingly larger share of transport PM2.5 emissions. This paper then attempts to assess the underlying assumptions, data uncertainties and data gaps in the baseline projections for India’s road transport.},
doi = {10.1016/j.enpol.2018.01.037},
journal = {Energy Policy},
issn = {0301-4215},
number = C,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}