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Title: Modeling Primary Frequency Response for Grid Studies

Abstract

For the electric power grid, maintaining nearly constant frequency is important measure of system reliability and stability. Primary frequency response (PFR) is one of the important reserve services used by grid operators to uphold steady frequency. Modeling PFR is historically rare in grid integration and planning studies, but could become more importantly with greater deployment of non-synchronous generators. In this work, we illustrate how a PFR constraint can be implemented into production cost models, which are a key component of grid planning studies. We also discuss the complexities and nuances associated with PFR modeling and provide results of a case study implementing PFR in a section of the western U.S. power grid.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1489895
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-72355
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; primary frequency response; ancillary services; production cost modeling; reliability

Citation Formats

Jorgenson, Jennie L, and Denholm, Paul L. Modeling Primary Frequency Response for Grid Studies. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.2172/1489895.
Jorgenson, Jennie L, & Denholm, Paul L. Modeling Primary Frequency Response for Grid Studies. United States. doi:10.2172/1489895.
Jorgenson, Jennie L, and Denholm, Paul L. Wed . "Modeling Primary Frequency Response for Grid Studies". United States. doi:10.2172/1489895. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1489895.
@article{osti_1489895,
title = {Modeling Primary Frequency Response for Grid Studies},
author = {Jorgenson, Jennie L and Denholm, Paul L},
abstractNote = {For the electric power grid, maintaining nearly constant frequency is important measure of system reliability and stability. Primary frequency response (PFR) is one of the important reserve services used by grid operators to uphold steady frequency. Modeling PFR is historically rare in grid integration and planning studies, but could become more importantly with greater deployment of non-synchronous generators. In this work, we illustrate how a PFR constraint can be implemented into production cost models, which are a key component of grid planning studies. We also discuss the complexities and nuances associated with PFR modeling and provide results of a case study implementing PFR in a section of the western U.S. power grid.},
doi = {10.2172/1489895},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Technical Report:

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