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Title: Simulating the effects of underground nuclear explosions with an exploding wire

Abstract

Exploding wires can deposit significant amounts of energy (1000’s of Joules on a nano-microsecond timescales) into a very confined space. Under the right conditions they can even produce neutrons. While most exploding wire studies have been performed in open air and to a lesser extent liquids we have started to investigate enclosing the wire element in solid matrices like concrete to mimic the effects of an underground nuclear explosion. The temperatures and pressures achieved are quite sufficient to induce structural cracking and localized flash melting in the enclosing media like a real underground nuclear detonation. As a result exploding wires would appear to form the perfect trigger for releasing confined chemical species including gases in geological media to study migration behavior in a controlled environment. Details of the apparatus and some illustrations of it potential will be given.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1489246
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-133439
Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 318; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Underground Nuclear Explosions, Exploding Wires, Xenon

Citation Formats

Liezers, Martin, Carman, April J., and Eiden, Gregory C. Simulating the effects of underground nuclear explosions with an exploding wire. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6047-2.
Liezers, Martin, Carman, April J., & Eiden, Gregory C. Simulating the effects of underground nuclear explosions with an exploding wire. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6047-2.
Liezers, Martin, Carman, April J., and Eiden, Gregory C. Fri . "Simulating the effects of underground nuclear explosions with an exploding wire". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-018-6047-2.
@article{osti_1489246,
title = {Simulating the effects of underground nuclear explosions with an exploding wire},
author = {Liezers, Martin and Carman, April J. and Eiden, Gregory C.},
abstractNote = {Exploding wires can deposit significant amounts of energy (1000’s of Joules on a nano-microsecond timescales) into a very confined space. Under the right conditions they can even produce neutrons. While most exploding wire studies have been performed in open air and to a lesser extent liquids we have started to investigate enclosing the wire element in solid matrices like concrete to mimic the effects of an underground nuclear explosion. The temperatures and pressures achieved are quite sufficient to induce structural cracking and localized flash melting in the enclosing media like a real underground nuclear detonation. As a result exploding wires would appear to form the perfect trigger for releasing confined chemical species including gases in geological media to study migration behavior in a controlled environment. Details of the apparatus and some illustrations of it potential will be given.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-018-6047-2},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
issn = {0236-5731},
number = 1,
volume = 318,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}