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Title: Peak growing season gross uptake of carbon in North America is largest in the Midwest USA

Abstract

Gross primary production (GPP) is a first-order uncertainty in climate predictions. Large-scale CO2 observations can provide information about the carbon cycle, but are not directly useful for GPP. Recently carbonyl sulfide (COS or OCS) has been proposed as a potential tracer for regional and global GPP. Here we present the first regional assessment of GPP using COS. We focus on the North American growing season—a global hotspot for COS air-monitoring and GPP uncertainty. Regional variability in simulated vertical COS concentration gradients was driven by variation in GPP rather than other modelled COS sources and sinks. Consequently we are able to show that growing season GPP in the Midwest USA significantly exceeds that of any other region of North America. These results are inconsistent with some ecosystem models, but are supportive of new ecosystem models from CMIP6. This approach provides valuable insight into the accuracy of various ecosystem land models.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [6];  [6];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Merced, CA (United States). Sierra Nevada Research Inst.
  2. Univ. of California, Merced, CA (United States). Sierra Nevada Research Inst.; Carnegie Inst. of Science, Stanford, CA (United States). Dept. of Global Ecology
  3. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States). Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research
  4. Carnegie Inst. of Science, Stanford, CA (United States). Dept. of Global Ecology
  5. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Atmospheric Science Dept.
  6. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States). Global Monitoring Div.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory-National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1489153
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0011999; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature Climate Change
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1758-678X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Hilton, Timothy W., Whelan, Mary E., Zumkehr, Andrew, Kulkarni, Sarika, Berry, Joseph A., Baker, Ian T., Montzka, Stephen A., Sweeney, Colm, Miller, Benjamin R., and Elliott Campbell, J. Peak growing season gross uptake of carbon in North America is largest in the Midwest USA. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE3272.
Hilton, Timothy W., Whelan, Mary E., Zumkehr, Andrew, Kulkarni, Sarika, Berry, Joseph A., Baker, Ian T., Montzka, Stephen A., Sweeney, Colm, Miller, Benjamin R., & Elliott Campbell, J. Peak growing season gross uptake of carbon in North America is largest in the Midwest USA. United States. doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE3272.
Hilton, Timothy W., Whelan, Mary E., Zumkehr, Andrew, Kulkarni, Sarika, Berry, Joseph A., Baker, Ian T., Montzka, Stephen A., Sweeney, Colm, Miller, Benjamin R., and Elliott Campbell, J. Mon . "Peak growing season gross uptake of carbon in North America is largest in the Midwest USA". United States. doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE3272.
@article{osti_1489153,
title = {Peak growing season gross uptake of carbon in North America is largest in the Midwest USA},
author = {Hilton, Timothy W. and Whelan, Mary E. and Zumkehr, Andrew and Kulkarni, Sarika and Berry, Joseph A. and Baker, Ian T. and Montzka, Stephen A. and Sweeney, Colm and Miller, Benjamin R. and Elliott Campbell, J.},
abstractNote = {Gross primary production (GPP) is a first-order uncertainty in climate predictions. Large-scale CO2 observations can provide information about the carbon cycle, but are not directly useful for GPP. Recently carbonyl sulfide (COS or OCS) has been proposed as a potential tracer for regional and global GPP. Here we present the first regional assessment of GPP using COS. We focus on the North American growing season—a global hotspot for COS air-monitoring and GPP uncertainty. Regional variability in simulated vertical COS concentration gradients was driven by variation in GPP rather than other modelled COS sources and sinks. Consequently we are able to show that growing season GPP in the Midwest USA significantly exceeds that of any other region of North America. These results are inconsistent with some ecosystem models, but are supportive of new ecosystem models from CMIP6. This approach provides valuable insight into the accuracy of various ecosystem land models.},
doi = {10.1038/NCLIMATE3272},
journal = {Nature Climate Change},
issn = {1758-678X},
number = 6,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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