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Title: Solution-Phase Synthesis of Silica Fibers and Their Use in Making Transparent High-Strength Silica-Polymer Composites

Abstract

A solution-phase synthesis of silica fibers is demonstrated. Silica fibers with length up to 50 μm and diameter ≈ 300 nm were synthesized. Fiber structure was characterized by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis, and Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) pore size and volume analysis. Fiber reinforced polymer composite films were made and investigated to demonstrate the use of these fibers as a reinforce material. A polymer composite film having 6% of silica fibers showed 38% and 16% increase in the Young's modulus and the yield point, respectively, when compared to the Young's modulus and yield point of the polymer alone. Finally, composite films had quite good visible transmittance (>90%).

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Dong-Eui Univ., Busan (Korea). Division of Advanced Materials Engineering
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1488713
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry Select
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 47; Journal ID: ISSN 2365-6549
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Composite; Emulsion; Synthesis; Silica fiber; Transparent

Citation Formats

Spence, Daron R., Park, Jaehyeung, Cullen, David A., Ho, Hoi Chun, Polyzos, Georgios, and Sharma, Jaswinder K. Solution-Phase Synthesis of Silica Fibers and Their Use in Making Transparent High-Strength Silica-Polymer Composites. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/slct.201802986.
Spence, Daron R., Park, Jaehyeung, Cullen, David A., Ho, Hoi Chun, Polyzos, Georgios, & Sharma, Jaswinder K. Solution-Phase Synthesis of Silica Fibers and Their Use in Making Transparent High-Strength Silica-Polymer Composites. United States. doi:10.1002/slct.201802986.
Spence, Daron R., Park, Jaehyeung, Cullen, David A., Ho, Hoi Chun, Polyzos, Georgios, and Sharma, Jaswinder K. Mon . "Solution-Phase Synthesis of Silica Fibers and Their Use in Making Transparent High-Strength Silica-Polymer Composites". United States. doi:10.1002/slct.201802986.
@article{osti_1488713,
title = {Solution-Phase Synthesis of Silica Fibers and Their Use in Making Transparent High-Strength Silica-Polymer Composites},
author = {Spence, Daron R. and Park, Jaehyeung and Cullen, David A. and Ho, Hoi Chun and Polyzos, Georgios and Sharma, Jaswinder K.},
abstractNote = {A solution-phase synthesis of silica fibers is demonstrated. Silica fibers with length up to 50 μm and diameter ≈ 300 nm were synthesized. Fiber structure was characterized by using scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis, and Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) pore size and volume analysis. Fiber reinforced polymer composite films were made and investigated to demonstrate the use of these fibers as a reinforce material. A polymer composite film having 6% of silica fibers showed 38% and 16% increase in the Young's modulus and the yield point, respectively, when compared to the Young's modulus and yield point of the polymer alone. Finally, composite films had quite good visible transmittance (>90%).},
doi = {10.1002/slct.201802986},
journal = {Chemistry Select},
number = 47,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Dec 17 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Mon Dec 17 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
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Works referenced in this record:

Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding
journal, December 2003

  • Tong, Limin; Gattass, Rafael R.; Ashcom, Jonathan B.
  • Nature, Vol. 426, Issue 6968, p. 816-819
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02193