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Title: Inflation and Early Dark Energy with a Stage II Hydrogen Intensity Mapping experiment

Abstract

This white paper envisions a revolutionary post-DESI, post-LSST dark energy program based on intensity mapping of the redshifted 21 cm emission line from neutral hydrogen out to redshift z ~ 6 at radio frequencies. The proposed intensity mapping survey has the unique capability to quadruple the volume of the Universe surveyed by optical programs, provide a percent-level measurement of the expansion history to z ~ 6, open a window to explore physics beyond the concordance {\\Lambda}CDM model, and to significantly improve the precision on standard cosmological parameters. In addition, characterization of dark energy and new physics will be powerfully enhanced by cross-correlations with optical surveys and cosmic microwave background measurements. The rich dataset obtained by the proposed intensity mapping instrument will be simultaneously useful in exploring the time-domain physics of fast radio transients and pulsars, potentially in live "multi-messenger" coincidence with other observatories. The core Dark Energy/Inflation science advances enabled by this program are the following: i) Measure the expansion history of the universe in the pre-acceleration era at the same precision as at lower redshifts, providing an unexplored window for new physics. ii) Observe, or constrain, the presence of inflationary relics in the primordial power spectrum, improving existing constraintsmore » by an order of magnitude; iii) Observe, or constrain, primordial non-Gaussianity with unprecedented precision, improving constraints on several key numbers by an order of magnitude. Detailed mapping of the enormous, and still largely unexplored, volume of space observable in the mid-redshift (z ~ 2 - 6) range will thus provide unprecedented information on fundamental questions of vacuum energy and early-universe physics.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
Cosmic Visions 21 cm
OSTI Identifier:
1488599
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1810.09572; FERMILAB-PUB-18-594-A
1699931
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
TBD
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: TBD
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Ansari, Réza, and et al. Inflation and Early Dark Energy with a Stage II Hydrogen Intensity Mapping experiment. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Ansari, Réza, & et al. Inflation and Early Dark Energy with a Stage II Hydrogen Intensity Mapping experiment. United States.
Ansari, Réza, and et al. Mon . "Inflation and Early Dark Energy with a Stage II Hydrogen Intensity Mapping experiment". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1488599.
@article{osti_1488599,
title = {Inflation and Early Dark Energy with a Stage II Hydrogen Intensity Mapping experiment},
author = {Ansari, Réza and et al.},
abstractNote = {This white paper envisions a revolutionary post-DESI, post-LSST dark energy program based on intensity mapping of the redshifted 21 cm emission line from neutral hydrogen out to redshift z ~ 6 at radio frequencies. The proposed intensity mapping survey has the unique capability to quadruple the volume of the Universe surveyed by optical programs, provide a percent-level measurement of the expansion history to z ~ 6, open a window to explore physics beyond the concordance {\\Lambda}CDM model, and to significantly improve the precision on standard cosmological parameters. In addition, characterization of dark energy and new physics will be powerfully enhanced by cross-correlations with optical surveys and cosmic microwave background measurements. The rich dataset obtained by the proposed intensity mapping instrument will be simultaneously useful in exploring the time-domain physics of fast radio transients and pulsars, potentially in live "multi-messenger" coincidence with other observatories. The core Dark Energy/Inflation science advances enabled by this program are the following: i) Measure the expansion history of the universe in the pre-acceleration era at the same precision as at lower redshifts, providing an unexplored window for new physics. ii) Observe, or constrain, the presence of inflationary relics in the primordial power spectrum, improving existing constraints by an order of magnitude; iii) Observe, or constrain, primordial non-Gaussianity with unprecedented precision, improving constraints on several key numbers by an order of magnitude. Detailed mapping of the enormous, and still largely unexplored, volume of space observable in the mid-redshift (z ~ 2 - 6) range will thus provide unprecedented information on fundamental questions of vacuum energy and early-universe physics.},
doi = {},
journal = {TBD},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}