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Title: Pulse shape discrimination of Cs 2 LiYCl 6 :Ce 3+ detectors at high count rate based on triangular and trapezoidal filters

Abstract

Cs 2LiYCl 6:Ce 3+ (CLYC) detectors have demonstrated the capability to simultaneously detect γ-rays and thermal and fast neutrons with medium energy resolution, reasonable detection efficiency, and substantially high pulse shape discrimination performance. A disadvantage of CLYC detectors is the long scintillation decay times, which causes pulse pile-up at moderate input count rate. Pulse processing algorithms were developed based on triangular and trapezoidal filters to discriminate between neutrons and γ-rays at high count rate. The algorithms were first tested using low-rate data. They exhibit a pulse-shape discrimination performance comparable to that of the charge comparison method, at low rate. Then, they were evaluated at high count rate. Neutrons and γ-rays were adequately identified with high throughput at rates of up to 375 kcps. The algorithm developed using the triangular filter exhibits discrimination capability marginally higher than that of the trapezoidal filter based algorithm irrespective of low or high rate. The algorithms exhibit low computational complexity and are executable on an FPGA in real-time. Finally, they are also suitable for application to other radiation detectors whose pulses are piled-up at high rate owing to long scintillation decay times.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Nuclear Engineering Program
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE NA Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22); US Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
OSTI Identifier:
1487073
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002534
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 866; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CLYC; High rate; Pulse shape discrimination; Triangular filtering; Trapezoidal filtering

Citation Formats

Wen, Xianfei, and Enqvist, Andreas. Pulse shape discrimination of Cs2 LiYCl6 :Ce 3+ detectors at high count rate based on triangular and trapezoidal filters. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.06.007.
Wen, Xianfei, & Enqvist, Andreas. Pulse shape discrimination of Cs2 LiYCl6 :Ce 3+ detectors at high count rate based on triangular and trapezoidal filters. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.06.007.
Wen, Xianfei, and Enqvist, Andreas. Fri . "Pulse shape discrimination of Cs2 LiYCl6 :Ce 3+ detectors at high count rate based on triangular and trapezoidal filters". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2017.06.007. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1487073.
@article{osti_1487073,
title = {Pulse shape discrimination of Cs2 LiYCl6 :Ce 3+ detectors at high count rate based on triangular and trapezoidal filters},
author = {Wen, Xianfei and Enqvist, Andreas},
abstractNote = {Cs2LiYCl6:Ce3+ (CLYC) detectors have demonstrated the capability to simultaneously detect γ-rays and thermal and fast neutrons with medium energy resolution, reasonable detection efficiency, and substantially high pulse shape discrimination performance. A disadvantage of CLYC detectors is the long scintillation decay times, which causes pulse pile-up at moderate input count rate. Pulse processing algorithms were developed based on triangular and trapezoidal filters to discriminate between neutrons and γ-rays at high count rate. The algorithms were first tested using low-rate data. They exhibit a pulse-shape discrimination performance comparable to that of the charge comparison method, at low rate. Then, they were evaluated at high count rate. Neutrons and γ-rays were adequately identified with high throughput at rates of up to 375 kcps. The algorithm developed using the triangular filter exhibits discrimination capability marginally higher than that of the trapezoidal filter based algorithm irrespective of low or high rate. The algorithms exhibit low computational complexity and are executable on an FPGA in real-time. Finally, they are also suitable for application to other radiation detectors whose pulses are piled-up at high rate owing to long scintillation decay times.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2017.06.007},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
issn = {0168-9002},
number = C,
volume = 866,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

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Cited by: 1 work
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