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Title: Ternary Nb3Sn superconductors with artificial pinning centers and high upper critical fields.

Abstract

We have started development of Nb3Sn multifilamentary conductors with artificial pinning centers (APC) since 2017 based on the internal oxidation technique. This method forms ZrO2 particles, which both refine Nb3Sn grain size as well as act directly as fluxon pinning centers. The recently-developed ternary conductors were tested in a 31 T magnet, and the results showed that their upper critical field (Bc2) values at 4.2 K are 27-28 T, and irreversible field (Birr) values are above 26 T, values similar to or higher than those of best ternary RRP conductors. The non-Cu Jc has been brought to nearly 1200 A/mm2 at 16 T and 4.2 K, comparable to RRP, in spite of the fact that the fine-grain Nb3Sn fractions in filaments are still low (20-30%) and the grain sizes are still not fully refined (70-80 nm) due to conductor designs and heat treatments that are not yet optimized. The Nb3Sn layer Jc at 4.2 K, 16 T is 4710 A/mm2 for the APC wire with 1%Zr, about 2.5 times higher than state-of-the-art RRP conductors, in spite of the fact that its grain size is not yet fully refined due to insufficient oxide and unoptimized heat treatment. We are presently workingmore » to optimize the conductors and their heat treatments, and expect to push the non-Cu Jc at 4.2 K, 16 T to 2000-2400 A/mm2, values greater than the target for the FCC conductors, and representing a crucial advance for Nb3Sn conductors.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [3]
  1. Fermilab
  2. Ohio State U.
  3. Hyper Tech., Columbus
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1487043
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-18-572-TD
Journal ID: ISSN 0953--2048; 1707420
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Supercond.Sci.Technol.
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Supercond.Sci.Technol.; Journal ID: ISSN 0953--2048
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Xu, X., Rochester, J., Peng, X., Sumption, M., and Tomsic, M. Ternary Nb3Sn superconductors with artificial pinning centers and high upper critical fields.. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aaf7ca.
Xu, X., Rochester, J., Peng, X., Sumption, M., & Tomsic, M. Ternary Nb3Sn superconductors with artificial pinning centers and high upper critical fields.. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aaf7ca.
Xu, X., Rochester, J., Peng, X., Sumption, M., and Tomsic, M. Mon . "Ternary Nb3Sn superconductors with artificial pinning centers and high upper critical fields.". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aaf7ca. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1487043.
@article{osti_1487043,
title = {Ternary Nb3Sn superconductors with artificial pinning centers and high upper critical fields.},
author = {Xu, X. and Rochester, J. and Peng, X. and Sumption, M. and Tomsic, M.},
abstractNote = {We have started development of Nb3Sn multifilamentary conductors with artificial pinning centers (APC) since 2017 based on the internal oxidation technique. This method forms ZrO2 particles, which both refine Nb3Sn grain size as well as act directly as fluxon pinning centers. The recently-developed ternary conductors were tested in a 31 T magnet, and the results showed that their upper critical field (Bc2) values at 4.2 K are 27-28 T, and irreversible field (Birr) values are above 26 T, values similar to or higher than those of best ternary RRP conductors. The non-Cu Jc has been brought to nearly 1200 A/mm2 at 16 T and 4.2 K, comparable to RRP, in spite of the fact that the fine-grain Nb3Sn fractions in filaments are still low (20-30%) and the grain sizes are still not fully refined (70-80 nm) due to conductor designs and heat treatments that are not yet optimized. The Nb3Sn layer Jc at 4.2 K, 16 T is 4710 A/mm2 for the APC wire with 1%Zr, about 2.5 times higher than state-of-the-art RRP conductors, in spite of the fact that its grain size is not yet fully refined due to insufficient oxide and unoptimized heat treatment. We are presently working to optimize the conductors and their heat treatments, and expect to push the non-Cu Jc at 4.2 K, 16 T to 2000-2400 A/mm2, values greater than the target for the FCC conductors, and representing a crucial advance for Nb3Sn conductors.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6668/aaf7ca},
journal = {Supercond.Sci.Technol.},
issn = {0953--2048},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}