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Title: Onset of phase separation in the double perovskite oxide La 2 MnNiO 6

Abstract

Identification of kinetic and thermodynamic factors that control crystal nucleation and growth represents a central challenge in materials synthesis. Here we report that apparently defect-free growth of La 2MnNiO 6 (LMNO) thin films supported on SrTiO 3 (STO) proceeds up to 1–5 nm, after which it is disrupted by precipitation of NiO phases. Local geometric phase analysis and ensemble-averaged x-ray reciprocal space mapping show no change in the film strain away from the interface, indicating that mechanisms other than strain relaxation induce the formation of the NiO phases. Ab initio simulations suggest that the electrostatic potential build-up associated with the polarity mismatch at the film-substrate interface promotes the formation of oxygen vacancies with increasing thickness. In turn, oxygen deficiency promotes the formation of Ni-rich regions, which points to the built-in potential as an additional factor that contributes to the NiO precipitation mechanisms. These results suggest that the precipitate-free region could be extended further by either incorporating dopants that suppress the built-in potential or by increasing the oxygen fugacity in order to suppress the formation of oxygen vacancies.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1485315
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-123784
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), atom probe tomography (APT), density function theory, oxides, thin films, phase separation

Citation Formats

Spurgeon, Steven R., Sushko, Peter V., Devaraj, Arun, Du, Yingge, Droubay, Timothy, and Chambers, Scott A. Onset of phase separation in the double perovskite oxide La2MnNiO6. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.134110.
Spurgeon, Steven R., Sushko, Peter V., Devaraj, Arun, Du, Yingge, Droubay, Timothy, & Chambers, Scott A. Onset of phase separation in the double perovskite oxide La2MnNiO6. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.134110.
Spurgeon, Steven R., Sushko, Peter V., Devaraj, Arun, Du, Yingge, Droubay, Timothy, and Chambers, Scott A. Sun . "Onset of phase separation in the double perovskite oxide La2MnNiO6". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.134110.
@article{osti_1485315,
title = {Onset of phase separation in the double perovskite oxide La2MnNiO6},
author = {Spurgeon, Steven R. and Sushko, Peter V. and Devaraj, Arun and Du, Yingge and Droubay, Timothy and Chambers, Scott A.},
abstractNote = {Identification of kinetic and thermodynamic factors that control crystal nucleation and growth represents a central challenge in materials synthesis. Here we report that apparently defect-free growth of La2MnNiO6 (LMNO) thin films supported on SrTiO3 (STO) proceeds up to 1–5 nm, after which it is disrupted by precipitation of NiO phases. Local geometric phase analysis and ensemble-averaged x-ray reciprocal space mapping show no change in the film strain away from the interface, indicating that mechanisms other than strain relaxation induce the formation of the NiO phases. Ab initio simulations suggest that the electrostatic potential build-up associated with the polarity mismatch at the film-substrate interface promotes the formation of oxygen vacancies with increasing thickness. In turn, oxygen deficiency promotes the formation of Ni-rich regions, which points to the built-in potential as an additional factor that contributes to the NiO precipitation mechanisms. These results suggest that the precipitate-free region could be extended further by either incorporating dopants that suppress the built-in potential or by increasing the oxygen fugacity in order to suppress the formation of oxygen vacancies.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.97.134110},
journal = {Physical Review B},
issn = {2469-9950},
number = 13,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}