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Title: Divertor leg filaments in NSTX-U

Abstract

This study presents the first observation of divertor localized turbulence in the NSTX-Upgrade spherical tokamak. Previous work in NSTX discharges described fluctuations on the divertor target due to blobs generated on the low field side midplane. In the region that shows disconnection from upstream turbulence (private flux region and proximity of the strike point), divertor-localized fluctuations are observed via imaging of C III and D-α emission in diverted L-mode discharges and are characterized in this paper. Field-aligned filaments connected to the divertor target plate are radially localized at the separatrix on the outer divertor leg and in the private flux region on the inner divertor leg. These are limited to the region below the X-point with fluctuation levels up to 10%–20%. The filaments have comparable poloidal and radial correlation lengths (10–100 ion gyroradii ρ i) and parallel correlation lengths of several meters. Toroidal mode numbers are in the range of 10–30 and 2–10 for outer and inner leg filaments. The poloidal motion of outer leg filaments has the same direction and comparable magnitude to advection due to E x B drift calculated by the multi-fluid edge transport code UEDGE with inclusion of cross field drifts. Disconnection between inner and outermore » leg filaments as well as the absence of correlation with upstream turbulence support the hypothesis of X-point disconnection for divertor leg filaments. Simulations with the ArbiTER linear eigenvalue solver and a resistive-balooning model were performed with a simulation grid limited to the divertor legs. Instabilities localized to the bad curvature side of the divertor legs were observed, in qualitative agreement with the experiment.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  3. Lodestar Research Corp., Boulder, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1485055
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; AC02-09CH11466; FG02-02ER54678
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; turbulence; divertor; plasma imaging; scrape-off layer

Citation Formats

Scotti, Filippo, Zweben, Stewart, Soukhanovskii, Vlad, Baver, Derek, and Myra, James. Divertor leg filaments in NSTX-U. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aae49f.
Scotti, Filippo, Zweben, Stewart, Soukhanovskii, Vlad, Baver, Derek, & Myra, James. Divertor leg filaments in NSTX-U. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aae49f.
Scotti, Filippo, Zweben, Stewart, Soukhanovskii, Vlad, Baver, Derek, and Myra, James. Wed . "Divertor leg filaments in NSTX-U". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aae49f.
@article{osti_1485055,
title = {Divertor leg filaments in NSTX-U},
author = {Scotti, Filippo and Zweben, Stewart and Soukhanovskii, Vlad and Baver, Derek and Myra, James},
abstractNote = {This study presents the first observation of divertor localized turbulence in the NSTX-Upgrade spherical tokamak. Previous work in NSTX discharges described fluctuations on the divertor target due to blobs generated on the low field side midplane. In the region that shows disconnection from upstream turbulence (private flux region and proximity of the strike point), divertor-localized fluctuations are observed via imaging of C III and D-α emission in diverted L-mode discharges and are characterized in this paper. Field-aligned filaments connected to the divertor target plate are radially localized at the separatrix on the outer divertor leg and in the private flux region on the inner divertor leg. These are limited to the region below the X-point with fluctuation levels up to 10%–20%. The filaments have comparable poloidal and radial correlation lengths (10–100 ion gyroradii ρi) and parallel correlation lengths of several meters. Toroidal mode numbers are in the range of 10–30 and 2–10 for outer and inner leg filaments. The poloidal motion of outer leg filaments has the same direction and comparable magnitude to advection due to E x B drift calculated by the multi-fluid edge transport code UEDGE with inclusion of cross field drifts. Disconnection between inner and outer leg filaments as well as the absence of correlation with upstream turbulence support the hypothesis of X-point disconnection for divertor leg filaments. Simulations with the ArbiTER linear eigenvalue solver and a resistive-balooning model were performed with a simulation grid limited to the divertor legs. Instabilities localized to the bad curvature side of the divertor legs were observed, in qualitative agreement with the experiment.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aae49f},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
issn = {0029-5515},
number = 12,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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