skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Microbial conversion of xylose into useful bioproducts

Abstract

Microorganisms can produce a number of different bioproducts from the sugars in plant biomass. One challenge is devising processes that utilize all of the sugars in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. D-xylose is the second most abundant sugar in these hydrolysates. The microbial conversion of D-xylose to ethanol has been studied extensively; only recently, however, has conversion to bioproducts other than ethanol been explored. Moreover, in the case of yeast, D-xylose may provide a better feedstock for the production of bioproducts other than ethanol, because the relevant pathways are not subject to glucose-dependent repression. In this review, we discuss how different microorganisms are being used to produce novel bioproducts from D-xylose. As a result, we also discuss how D-xylose could be potentially used instead of glucose for the production of value-added bioproducts.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation (CABBI), Urbana, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1484734
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018420
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 102; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0175-7598
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; hemicellulose; xylose; fermentation; metabolic engineering; bioproducts

Citation Formats

Jagtap, Sujit Sadashiv, and Rao, Christopher V. Microbial conversion of xylose into useful bioproducts. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/s00253-018-9294-9.
Jagtap, Sujit Sadashiv, & Rao, Christopher V. Microbial conversion of xylose into useful bioproducts. United States. doi:10.1007/s00253-018-9294-9.
Jagtap, Sujit Sadashiv, and Rao, Christopher V. Fri . "Microbial conversion of xylose into useful bioproducts". United States. doi:10.1007/s00253-018-9294-9.
@article{osti_1484734,
title = {Microbial conversion of xylose into useful bioproducts},
author = {Jagtap, Sujit Sadashiv and Rao, Christopher V.},
abstractNote = {Microorganisms can produce a number of different bioproducts from the sugars in plant biomass. One challenge is devising processes that utilize all of the sugars in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. D-xylose is the second most abundant sugar in these hydrolysates. The microbial conversion of D-xylose to ethanol has been studied extensively; only recently, however, has conversion to bioproducts other than ethanol been explored. Moreover, in the case of yeast, D-xylose may provide a better feedstock for the production of bioproducts other than ethanol, because the relevant pathways are not subject to glucose-dependent repression. In this review, we discuss how different microorganisms are being used to produce novel bioproducts from D-xylose. As a result, we also discuss how D-xylose could be potentially used instead of glucose for the production of value-added bioproducts.},
doi = {10.1007/s00253-018-9294-9},
journal = {Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology},
number = 21,
volume = 102,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 24 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Fri Aug 24 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on August 24, 2019
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Engineering yeasts for xylose metabolism
journal, June 2006


Xylose transport studies with xylose-utilizing Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains expressing heterologous and homologous permeases
journal, December 2006

  • Saloheimo, Anu; Rauta, Jenita; Stasyk, Oleh V.
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 74, Issue 5, p. 1041-1052
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00253-006-0747-1

Engineering Escherichia coli for xylitol production from glucose-xylose mixtures
journal, December 2006

  • Cirino, Patrick C.; Chin, Jonathan W.; Ingram, Lonnie O.
  • Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol. 95, Issue 6, p. 1167-1176
  • DOI: 10.1002/bit.21082

Exploring the Metabolic and Genetic Control of Gene Expression on a Genomic Scale
journal, October 1997


Biomass Recalcitrance: Engineering Plants and Enzymes for Biofuels Production
journal, February 2007

  • Himmel, M. E.; Ding, S.-Y.; Johnson, D. K.
  • Science, Vol. 315, Issue 5813, p. 804-807
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1137016

Perspectives of microbial oils for biodiesel production
journal, August 2008

  • Li, Qiang; Du, Wei; Liu, Dehua
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 80, Issue 5, p. 749-756
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00253-008-1625-9

Fast 100-nm resolution three-dimensional microscope reveals structural plasticity of mitochondria in live yeast
journal, March 2002

  • Egner, Alexander; Jakobs, Stefan; Hell, Stefan W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 99, Issue 6, p. 3370-3375
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.052545099

Ethanol production from xylose in engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains: current state and perspectives
journal, July 2009

  • Matsushika, Akinori; Inoue, Hiroyuki; Kodaki, Tsutomu
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 84, Issue 1, p. 37-53
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00253-009-2101-x

Carbon catabolite repression in bacteria: many ways to make the most out of nutrients
journal, August 2008

  • G�rke, Boris; St�lke, J�rg
  • Nature Reviews Microbiology, Vol. 6, Issue 8, p. 613-624
  • DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro1932