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Title: Plasma kinetics in a nanosecond pulsed filamentary discharge sustained in Ar–H 2O and H 2 O

Abstract

The plasma kinetics of Ar–H 2O and H 2O at atmospheric pressure are of interest for applications in biotechnology where rare-gas plasma jets treat liquid surfaces and in water treatment where discharges are generated in bubbles or directly in liquid water. Due to evaporation resulting from heat transfer to the liquid, for many conditions the mole fraction of water in the plasma can be large—approaching nearly pure water. In this paper, results are discussed from a combined experimental and computational investigation of the chemical kinetics in a high electron density plasma filament sustained in Ar–H 2O at atmospheric pressure. The chemical kinetics were simulated using a 0D global model, validated by measurements of the absolute OH and H densities by laser induced fluorescence (LIF) and two-photon absorption LIF. The primary sources of H and OH during the discharge pulse are dissociative excitation transfer from metastable Ar atoms and Ar dimer excimers at low water concentration and electron impact dissociation of H 2O at high water concentration. In spite of their similar sources, the density of OH was measured to be two orders of magnitude smaller than that of H at power densities on the order of 10 5 Jm -3.more » This disparity is due to electron impact dissociation of OH during the discharge pulse and rapid reactions of OH in the presence of high H and O densities in the afterglow. It is often assumed that OH is the dominant non-selective reactive species in water-containing plasmas. These results reinforce the importance of atomic species such as H and O in water containing high energy density plasmas. A numerical parametric study revealed that the lowest energy cost for H 2O 2 production is achieved at low energy densities in pure water. Finally, the high concentration of atomic radicals, which rapidly recombine, results in an overall lower energy efficiency of reactive species production. In particular, the selectivity of H 2O 2 production decreases with increasing power density which instead favors H 2 and O 2 production.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences
  3. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  4. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1484168
Grant/Contract Number:  
PHY1500135; SC0001939
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3727
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Luo, Yuchen, Lietz, Amanda M., Yatom, Shurik, Kushner, Mark J., and Bruggeman, Peter J.. Plasma kinetics in a nanosecond pulsed filamentary discharge sustained in Ar–H2O and H2 O. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aaeb14.
Luo, Yuchen, Lietz, Amanda M., Yatom, Shurik, Kushner, Mark J., & Bruggeman, Peter J.. Plasma kinetics in a nanosecond pulsed filamentary discharge sustained in Ar–H2O and H2 O. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aaeb14.
Luo, Yuchen, Lietz, Amanda M., Yatom, Shurik, Kushner, Mark J., and Bruggeman, Peter J.. Fri . "Plasma kinetics in a nanosecond pulsed filamentary discharge sustained in Ar–H2O and H2 O". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aaeb14.
@article{osti_1484168,
title = {Plasma kinetics in a nanosecond pulsed filamentary discharge sustained in Ar–H2O and H2 O},
author = {Luo, Yuchen and Lietz, Amanda M. and Yatom, Shurik and Kushner, Mark J. and Bruggeman, Peter J.},
abstractNote = {The plasma kinetics of Ar–H2O and H2O at atmospheric pressure are of interest for applications in biotechnology where rare-gas plasma jets treat liquid surfaces and in water treatment where discharges are generated in bubbles or directly in liquid water. Due to evaporation resulting from heat transfer to the liquid, for many conditions the mole fraction of water in the plasma can be large—approaching nearly pure water. In this paper, results are discussed from a combined experimental and computational investigation of the chemical kinetics in a high electron density plasma filament sustained in Ar–H2O at atmospheric pressure. The chemical kinetics were simulated using a 0D global model, validated by measurements of the absolute OH and H densities by laser induced fluorescence (LIF) and two-photon absorption LIF. The primary sources of H and OH during the discharge pulse are dissociative excitation transfer from metastable Ar atoms and Ar dimer excimers at low water concentration and electron impact dissociation of H2O at high water concentration. In spite of their similar sources, the density of OH was measured to be two orders of magnitude smaller than that of H at power densities on the order of 105 Jm-3. This disparity is due to electron impact dissociation of OH during the discharge pulse and rapid reactions of OH in the presence of high H and O densities in the afterglow. It is often assumed that OH is the dominant non-selective reactive species in water-containing plasmas. These results reinforce the importance of atomic species such as H and O in water containing high energy density plasmas. A numerical parametric study revealed that the lowest energy cost for H2O2 production is achieved at low energy densities in pure water. Finally, the high concentration of atomic radicals, which rapidly recombine, results in an overall lower energy efficiency of reactive species production. In particular, the selectivity of H2O2 production decreases with increasing power density which instead favors H2 and O2 production.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6463/aaeb14},
journal = {Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Nov 16 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Fri Nov 16 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

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