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Title: Batteries and fuel cells for emerging electric vehicle markets

Abstract

Today's electric vehicles are almost exclusively powered by lithium-ion batteries, but there is a long way to go before electric vehicles become dominant in the global automotive market. In addition to policy support, widespread deployment of electric vehicles requires high-performance and low-cost energy storage technologies, including not only batteries but also alternative electrochemical devices. Here, we provide a comprehensive evaluation of various batteries and hydrogen fuel cells that have the greatest potential to succeed in commercial applications. Three sectors that are not well served by current lithium-ion-powered electric vehicles, namely the long-range, low-cost and high-utilization transportation markets, are discussed. The technological properties that must be improved to fully enable these electric vehicle markets include specific energy, cost, safety and power grid compatibility. Six energy storage and conversion technologies that possess varying combinations of these improved characteristics are compared and separately evaluated for each market. The remainder of the Review briefly discusses the technological status of these clean energy technologies, emphasizing barriers that must be overcome.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Vehicle Technology
OSTI Identifier:
1483668
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Cano, Zachary P., Banham, Dustin, Ye, Siyu, Hintennach, Andreas, Lu, Jun, Fowler, Michael, and Chen, Zhongwei. Batteries and fuel cells for emerging electric vehicle markets. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0108-1.
Cano, Zachary P., Banham, Dustin, Ye, Siyu, Hintennach, Andreas, Lu, Jun, Fowler, Michael, & Chen, Zhongwei. Batteries and fuel cells for emerging electric vehicle markets. United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0108-1.
Cano, Zachary P., Banham, Dustin, Ye, Siyu, Hintennach, Andreas, Lu, Jun, Fowler, Michael, and Chen, Zhongwei. Sun . "Batteries and fuel cells for emerging electric vehicle markets". United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0108-1.
@article{osti_1483668,
title = {Batteries and fuel cells for emerging electric vehicle markets},
author = {Cano, Zachary P. and Banham, Dustin and Ye, Siyu and Hintennach, Andreas and Lu, Jun and Fowler, Michael and Chen, Zhongwei},
abstractNote = {Today's electric vehicles are almost exclusively powered by lithium-ion batteries, but there is a long way to go before electric vehicles become dominant in the global automotive market. In addition to policy support, widespread deployment of electric vehicles requires high-performance and low-cost energy storage technologies, including not only batteries but also alternative electrochemical devices. Here, we provide a comprehensive evaluation of various batteries and hydrogen fuel cells that have the greatest potential to succeed in commercial applications. Three sectors that are not well served by current lithium-ion-powered electric vehicles, namely the long-range, low-cost and high-utilization transportation markets, are discussed. The technological properties that must be improved to fully enable these electric vehicle markets include specific energy, cost, safety and power grid compatibility. Six energy storage and conversion technologies that possess varying combinations of these improved characteristics are compared and separately evaluated for each market. The remainder of the Review briefly discusses the technological status of these clean energy technologies, emphasizing barriers that must be overcome.},
doi = {10.1038/s41560-018-0108-1},
journal = {Nature Energy},
issn = {2058-7546},
number = 4,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}