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Title: Low-Temperature Carburization of AL-6XN Enabled by Provisional Passivation

Abstract

Employing AISI-AL-6XN as example, we introduce a new method of surface activation for low-temperature carburization. This method consists of two steps: (i) removing the passivating surface oxide and a potentially existing severely plastically deformed surface layer (Beilby layer) by aqueous (liquid) hydrochloric acid, and (ii) immersion in ethanol and subsequent drying in nitrogen. Upon carburization with a gas mixture of acetylene, hydrogen, and nitrogen, this new method of surface activation enables the formation of a fully developed “case”, a uniform solid solution of interstitial carbon in austenite with carbon fractions up to 0.20 near the alloy surface. The underlying mechanism of surface activation is shown to involve the formation of a provisional passivating layer. It consists of chlorides or ethoxides that are insoluble in ethanol. It prevents the reformation of the regular Cr-rich passivating oxide layer and is readily removed upon heating and exposure to the carburizing gas. As the new activation method is quicker, more effective, and less destructive to furnace hardware than activation with hot gaseous hydrochloric acid that is currently applied in industrial manufacturing, it may have considerable technological impact.

Authors:
; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1483445
Grant/Contract Number:  
12-3451
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Metals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Metals Journal Volume: 8 Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2075-4701
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Li, Zhen, Illing, Cyprian, Heuer, Arthur, and Ernst, Frank. Low-Temperature Carburization of AL-6XN Enabled by Provisional Passivation. Switzerland: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3390/met8120997.
Li, Zhen, Illing, Cyprian, Heuer, Arthur, & Ernst, Frank. Low-Temperature Carburization of AL-6XN Enabled by Provisional Passivation. Switzerland. doi:10.3390/met8120997.
Li, Zhen, Illing, Cyprian, Heuer, Arthur, and Ernst, Frank. Tue . "Low-Temperature Carburization of AL-6XN Enabled by Provisional Passivation". Switzerland. doi:10.3390/met8120997.
@article{osti_1483445,
title = {Low-Temperature Carburization of AL-6XN Enabled by Provisional Passivation},
author = {Li, Zhen and Illing, Cyprian and Heuer, Arthur and Ernst, Frank},
abstractNote = {Employing AISI-AL-6XN as example, we introduce a new method of surface activation for low-temperature carburization. This method consists of two steps: (i) removing the passivating surface oxide and a potentially existing severely plastically deformed surface layer (Beilby layer) by aqueous (liquid) hydrochloric acid, and (ii) immersion in ethanol and subsequent drying in nitrogen. Upon carburization with a gas mixture of acetylene, hydrogen, and nitrogen, this new method of surface activation enables the formation of a fully developed “case”, a uniform solid solution of interstitial carbon in austenite with carbon fractions up to 0.20 near the alloy surface. The underlying mechanism of surface activation is shown to involve the formation of a provisional passivating layer. It consists of chlorides or ethoxides that are insoluble in ethanol. It prevents the reformation of the regular Cr-rich passivating oxide layer and is readily removed upon heating and exposure to the carburizing gas. As the new activation method is quicker, more effective, and less destructive to furnace hardware than activation with hot gaseous hydrochloric acid that is currently applied in industrial manufacturing, it may have considerable technological impact.},
doi = {10.3390/met8120997},
journal = {Metals},
number = 12,
volume = 8,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {Tue Nov 27 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Tue Nov 27 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.3390/met8120997

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