skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: P-type transparent conducting nickel oxide alloys

Abstract

Disclosed herein is the formation of p-type transparent conducting oxides (TCO) having a structure of Mg.sub.xNi.sub.1-xO or Zn.sub.xNi.sub.1-xO. These structures disrupt the two-dimensional confinement of individual holes (the dominant charge carrier transport mechanism in pure NiO) creating three-dimensional hole transport by providing pathways for hole transfer in directions that are unfavorable in pure NiO. Forming these structures preserves NiO's transparency to visible light since the band gaps do not deviate significantly from that of pure NiO. Furthermore, forming Mg.sub.xNi.sub.1-xO or Zn.sub.xNi.sub.1-xO does not lead to hole trapping on O ions adjacent to Zn and Mg ions. The formation of these alloys will lead to creation of three-dimensional hole transport and improve NiO's conductivity for use as p-type TCO, without adversely affecting the favorable properties of pure NiO.

Inventors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
The Trustees of Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1482829
Patent Number(s):
10,079,189
Application Number:
15/617,339
Assignee:
THE TRUSTEES OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY (Princeton, NJ) CHO
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0002120
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2017 Jun 08
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Carter, Emily Ann, and Alidoust, Nima. P-type transparent conducting nickel oxide alloys. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Carter, Emily Ann, & Alidoust, Nima. P-type transparent conducting nickel oxide alloys. United States.
Carter, Emily Ann, and Alidoust, Nima. Tue . "P-type transparent conducting nickel oxide alloys". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1482829.
@article{osti_1482829,
title = {P-type transparent conducting nickel oxide alloys},
author = {Carter, Emily Ann and Alidoust, Nima},
abstractNote = {Disclosed herein is the formation of p-type transparent conducting oxides (TCO) having a structure of Mg.sub.xNi.sub.1-xO or Zn.sub.xNi.sub.1-xO. These structures disrupt the two-dimensional confinement of individual holes (the dominant charge carrier transport mechanism in pure NiO) creating three-dimensional hole transport by providing pathways for hole transfer in directions that are unfavorable in pure NiO. Forming these structures preserves NiO's transparency to visible light since the band gaps do not deviate significantly from that of pure NiO. Furthermore, forming Mg.sub.xNi.sub.1-xO or Zn.sub.xNi.sub.1-xO does not lead to hole trapping on O ions adjacent to Zn and Mg ions. The formation of these alloys will lead to creation of three-dimensional hole transport and improve NiO's conductivity for use as p-type TCO, without adversely affecting the favorable properties of pure NiO.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Sep 18 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Tue Sep 18 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

Patent:

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Projector augmented-wave method
journal, December 1994


Self-Consistent Equations Including Exchange and Correlation Effects
journal, November 1965


Electron-energy-loss spectra and the structural stability of nickel oxide: An LSDA+U study
journal, January 1998

  • Dudarev, S. L.; Botton, G. A.; Savrasov, S. Y.
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 57, Issue 3, p. 1505-1509
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.57.1505

Quantum mechanical modeling of electronic excitations in metal oxides: Magnesia as a prototype
journal, January 2012


Electron Transport in Pure and Doped Hematite
journal, April 2011

  • Liao, Peilin; Toroker, Maytal Caspary; Carter, Emily A.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 4, p. 1775-1781
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl200356n

Self�Consistent Molecular Orbital Methods. XII. Further Extensions of Gaussian�Type Basis Sets for Use in Molecular Orbital Studies of Organic Molecules
journal, March 1972

  • Hehre, W. J.; Ditchfield, R.; Pople, J. A.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 56, Issue 5, p. 2257-2261
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1677527

Ab initio effective core potentials for molecular calculations. Potentials for K to Au including the outermost core orbitals
journal, January 1985

  • Hay, P. Jeffrey; Wadt, Willard R.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 82, Issue 1, p. 299-310
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.448975

Self?consistent molecular orbital methods. XXIII. A polarization?type basis set for second?row elements
journal, October 1982

  • Francl, Michelle M.; Pietro, William J.; Hehre, Warren J.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 77, Issue 7, p. 3654-3665
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.444267

Solar Water Splitting Cells
journal, November 2010

  • Walter, Michael G.; Warren, Emily L.; McKone, James R.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 110, Issue 11, p. 6446-6473
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr1002326

Dye-sensitized solar cells
journal, October 2003

  • Gr�tzel, Michael
  • Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews, Vol. 4, Issue 2, p. 145-153
  • DOI: 10.1016/S1389-5567(03)00026-1

p-Type semiconducting nickel oxide as an efficiency-enhancing anode interfacial layer in polymer bulk-heterojunction solar cells
journal, February 2008

  • Irwin, M. D.; Buchholz, D. B.; Hains, A. W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue 8, p. 2783-2787
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0711990105

Electron transfer reactions in chemistry. Theory and experiment
journal, July 1993


Efficiency of ab-initio total energy calculations for metals and semiconductors using a plane-wave basis set
journal, July 1996


Ab initiomolecular dynamics for liquid metals
journal, January 1993


Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple
journal, October 1996

  • Perdew, John P.; Burke, Kieron; Ernzerhof, Matthias
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 77, Issue 18, p. 3865-3868
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.3865

Special quasirandom structures
journal, July 1990


General atomic and molecular electronic structure system
journal, November 1993

  • Schmidt, Michael W.; Baldridge, Kim K.; Boatz, Jerry A.
  • Journal of Computational Chemistry, Vol. 14, Issue 11, p. 1347-1363
  • DOI: 10.1002/jcc.540141112