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Title: Vogel-Fulcher-Tamman criticality of 3D superinsulators

Abstract

It has been believed that the superinsulating state, which is the low-temperature charge Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) phase, can exist only in two dimensions. We develop a general gauge description of the superinsulating state and the related deconfinement transition of Cooper pairs and predict the existence of the superinsulating state in three dimensions (3d). We find that 3d superinsulators exhibit Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) critical behavior at the phase transition. This is the 3d string analog of the Berezinski-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) criticality for logarithmically and linearly interacting point particles in 2d. Lastly, our results show that singular exponential scaling behaviors of the BKT type are generic for phase transitions associated with the condensation of topological excitations.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of Perugia, Perugia (Italy)
  2. SwissScientific Technologies SA, Geneva (Switzerland)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1481282
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Diamantini, M. C., Gammaitoni, L., Trugenberger, C. A., and Vinokur, V. M. Vogel-Fulcher-Tamman criticality of 3D superinsulators. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-33765-5.
Diamantini, M. C., Gammaitoni, L., Trugenberger, C. A., & Vinokur, V. M. Vogel-Fulcher-Tamman criticality of 3D superinsulators. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-33765-5.
Diamantini, M. C., Gammaitoni, L., Trugenberger, C. A., and Vinokur, V. M. Wed . "Vogel-Fulcher-Tamman criticality of 3D superinsulators". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-33765-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1481282.
@article{osti_1481282,
title = {Vogel-Fulcher-Tamman criticality of 3D superinsulators},
author = {Diamantini, M. C. and Gammaitoni, L. and Trugenberger, C. A. and Vinokur, V. M.},
abstractNote = {It has been believed that the superinsulating state, which is the low-temperature charge Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) phase, can exist only in two dimensions. We develop a general gauge description of the superinsulating state and the related deconfinement transition of Cooper pairs and predict the existence of the superinsulating state in three dimensions (3d). We find that 3d superinsulators exhibit Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) critical behavior at the phase transition. This is the 3d string analog of the Berezinski-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) criticality for logarithmically and linearly interacting point particles in 2d. Lastly, our results show that singular exponential scaling behaviors of the BKT type are generic for phase transitions associated with the condensation of topological excitations.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-018-33765-5},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Oct 24 00:00:00 EDT 2018},
month = {Wed Oct 24 00:00:00 EDT 2018}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Ordering, metastability and phase transitions in two-dimensional systems
journal, April 1973

  • Kosterlitz, J M; Thouless, D J
  • Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 7, p. 1181-1203
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3719/6/7/010