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Title: Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells

Abstract

High efficiency combined with transformative roll-to-roll (R2R) printability makes metal halide perovskite-based solar cells the most promising solar technology to address the terawatt challenge of the future energy demand. However, translation from lab-scale deposition solution processing techniques to large-scale R2R methods has typically led to reduced photovoltaic performance. Here, we demonstrate large-scale, highly crystalline, uniaxially oriented, smooth perovskite films printed at room temperature and in the ambient environment. Confirmed with high speed in situ X-ray diffraction measurements, the perovskite films reach 98% of relative crystallinity at room temperature and display high texture within 1 s of the coating. We demonstrate an all-blade-coated metal halide perovskite cell with power conversion efficiency (PCE) up to 19.6%, a slot-die coated cell with a PCE of 17.3%, and a partially R2R slot-die coated flexible glass-based cell efficiency of 14.1%. The developed printing method can be applied to diverse perovskite compositions, enabling a variety of bandgaps to pave the way for the future R2R printing of highly efficient perovskite-perovskite tandem cells.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States; Department of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80302, United States
  2. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401, United States
  3. Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, United States
  4. Corning Research &, Development Corporation, Corning, New York 14830, United States
  5. Department of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80302, United States
  6. Department of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80302, United States; Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1480236
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5K00-72532
Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; perovskite solar cells; metal halide; perovskite films; printing

Citation Formats

Dou, Benjia, Whitaker, James B., Bruening, Karsten, Moore, David T., Wheeler, Lance M., Ryter, John, Breslin, Nicholas J., Berry, Joseph J., Garner, Sean M., Barnes, Frank S., Shaheen, Sean E., Tassone, Christopher J., Zhu, Kai, and van Hest, Maikel F. A. M. Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01556.
Dou, Benjia, Whitaker, James B., Bruening, Karsten, Moore, David T., Wheeler, Lance M., Ryter, John, Breslin, Nicholas J., Berry, Joseph J., Garner, Sean M., Barnes, Frank S., Shaheen, Sean E., Tassone, Christopher J., Zhu, Kai, & van Hest, Maikel F. A. M. Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells. United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01556.
Dou, Benjia, Whitaker, James B., Bruening, Karsten, Moore, David T., Wheeler, Lance M., Ryter, John, Breslin, Nicholas J., Berry, Joseph J., Garner, Sean M., Barnes, Frank S., Shaheen, Sean E., Tassone, Christopher J., Zhu, Kai, and van Hest, Maikel F. A. M. Thu . "Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells". United States. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01556.
@article{osti_1480236,
title = {Roll-to-Roll Printing of Perovskite Solar Cells},
author = {Dou, Benjia and Whitaker, James B. and Bruening, Karsten and Moore, David T. and Wheeler, Lance M. and Ryter, John and Breslin, Nicholas J. and Berry, Joseph J. and Garner, Sean M. and Barnes, Frank S. and Shaheen, Sean E. and Tassone, Christopher J. and Zhu, Kai and van Hest, Maikel F. A. M.},
abstractNote = {High efficiency combined with transformative roll-to-roll (R2R) printability makes metal halide perovskite-based solar cells the most promising solar technology to address the terawatt challenge of the future energy demand. However, translation from lab-scale deposition solution processing techniques to large-scale R2R methods has typically led to reduced photovoltaic performance. Here, we demonstrate large-scale, highly crystalline, uniaxially oriented, smooth perovskite films printed at room temperature and in the ambient environment. Confirmed with high speed in situ X-ray diffraction measurements, the perovskite films reach 98% of relative crystallinity at room temperature and display high texture within 1 s of the coating. We demonstrate an all-blade-coated metal halide perovskite cell with power conversion efficiency (PCE) up to 19.6%, a slot-die coated cell with a PCE of 17.3%, and a partially R2R slot-die coated flexible glass-based cell efficiency of 14.1%. The developed printing method can be applied to diverse perovskite compositions, enabling a variety of bandgaps to pave the way for the future R2R printing of highly efficient perovskite-perovskite tandem cells.},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.8b01556},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
issn = {2380-8195},
number = 10,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Works referencing / citing this record:

Scalable Deposition Methods for Large‐area Production of Perovskite Thin Films
journal, June 2019

  • Swartwout, Richard; Hoerantner, Maximilian T.; Bulović, V.
  • ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS, Vol. 2, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/eem2.12043

Meniscus fabrication of halide perovskite thin films at high throughput for large area and low-cost solar panels
journal, June 2019

  • Dai, Xuezeng; Deng, Yehao; Van Brackle, Charles H.
  • International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing, Vol. 1, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/2631-7990/ab263e

Efficient Ni/Au Mesh Transparent Electrodes for ITO-Free Planar Perovskite Solar Cells
journal, June 2019

  • Chen, Dazheng; Fan, Gang; Zhang, Hongxiao
  • Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.3390/nano9070932