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Title: Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) [Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)]

Abstract

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was used to detect rare earth elements (REEs) in natural geological samples. Low and high intensity emission lines of Ce, La, Nd, Y, Pr, Sm, Eu, Gd, and Dy were identified in the spectra recorded from the samples to claim the presence of these REEs. Multivariate analysis was executed by developing partial least squares regression (PLS-R) models for the quantification of Ce, La, and Nd. Analysis of unknown samples indicated that the prediction results of these samples were found comparable to those obtained by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis. In conclusion, data support that LIBS has potential to quantify REEs in geological minerals/ores.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States); Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  3. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
  4. Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States); JPS Advanced Technology LLC, Starkville, MS (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1478394
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Spectroscopy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 72; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-7028
Publisher:
Society for Applied Spectroscopy
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Rare earth elements; REE; geological samples; laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; LIBS

Citation Formats

Bhatt, Chet R., Jain, Jinesh C., Goueguel, Christian L., McIntyre, Dustin L., and Singh, Jagdish P. Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) [Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)]. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1177/0003702817734854.
Bhatt, Chet R., Jain, Jinesh C., Goueguel, Christian L., McIntyre, Dustin L., & Singh, Jagdish P. Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) [Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)]. United States. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003702817734854
Bhatt, Chet R., Jain, Jinesh C., Goueguel, Christian L., McIntyre, Dustin L., and Singh, Jagdish P. Tue . "Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) [Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)]". United States. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003702817734854. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1478394.
@article{osti_1478394,
title = {Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) [Determination of Rare Earth Elements in Geological Samples by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS)]},
author = {Bhatt, Chet R. and Jain, Jinesh C. and Goueguel, Christian L. and McIntyre, Dustin L. and Singh, Jagdish P.},
abstractNote = {Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was used to detect rare earth elements (REEs) in natural geological samples. Low and high intensity emission lines of Ce, La, Nd, Y, Pr, Sm, Eu, Gd, and Dy were identified in the spectra recorded from the samples to claim the presence of these REEs. Multivariate analysis was executed by developing partial least squares regression (PLS-R) models for the quantification of Ce, La, and Nd. Analysis of unknown samples indicated that the prediction results of these samples were found comparable to those obtained by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis. In conclusion, data support that LIBS has potential to quantify REEs in geological minerals/ores.},
doi = {10.1177/0003702817734854},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1478394}, journal = {Applied Spectroscopy},
issn = {0003-7028},
number = 1,
volume = 72,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 7 works
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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, June 1993


Multivariate analysis of remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy spectra using partial least squares, principal component analysis, and related techniques
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Determination of Impurities in Uranium and Plutonium Dioxides by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
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Quantification of rare earth elements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Determination of rare earth elements by spectroscopic techniques: a review
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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for branching ratio and atomic lifetime measurements in singly-ionized neodymium and gallium
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Measurement Of Nutrients In Green House Soil With Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
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Application of LIBS for direct determination of volatile matter content in coal
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Univariate and multivariate analyses of rare earth elements by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
journal, January 2017