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Title: An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center

Abstract

A constant pressure, mixed gas permeation testing skid was deployed at the National Carbon Capture Center to test membrane performance when continuously exposed to slipstream post-combustion flue gas. Small, laboratory scale membranes can be loaded for testing and the degree of automation allowed the skid to be run unattended for several weeks at a time. In this report, we share our experience in commissioning the skid and quantifying CO 2, N 2 and O 2 permeances of several membranes during the first round of testing. Dense films of polydimethylsiloxane and poly(bistrifluoroethoxyphosphazene) were tested with flue gas for approximately 20 h each. Here, in addition, we successfully tested four thin film composite hollow fiber membranes made by a dip coating process, consisting of porous Torlon hollow fibers coated with a selective layer of poly(bistrifluoroethoxyphosphazene) or its mixed matrix with a metal organic framework SIFSIX-Cu-2i filler particles. Initial results suggest the polydimethylsiloxane showed comparable results to the literature data, but the coated hollow fiber membranes have lower CO 2 permeances relative to N 2 or O 2 permeances compared to their performance under idealized, dry, contaminant-free mixed gas conditions. While quantification of H 2O permeance was performed, we found it was affectedmore » by concentration polarization even with small membrane area and a low stage cut.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [3]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States); AECOM Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States); AECOM Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  3. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
  4. Southern Company Services, Wilsonville, AL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, Morgantown, WV, and Albany, OR (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1478211
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1414013
Grant/Contract Number:  
FE0004000
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Membrane Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 533; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0376-7388
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; Membrane; Constant pressure permeation; Slipstream flue gas; CO2 capture; National Carbon Capture Center

Citation Formats

Kusuma, Victor A., Venna, Surendar R., Wickramanayake, Shan, Dahe, Ganpat J., Myers, Christina R., O’Connor, John, Resnik, Kevin P., Anthony, Justin H., and Hopkinson, David. An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051.
Kusuma, Victor A., Venna, Surendar R., Wickramanayake, Shan, Dahe, Ganpat J., Myers, Christina R., O’Connor, John, Resnik, Kevin P., Anthony, Justin H., & Hopkinson, David. An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center. United States. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051.
Kusuma, Victor A., Venna, Surendar R., Wickramanayake, Shan, Dahe, Ganpat J., Myers, Christina R., O’Connor, John, Resnik, Kevin P., Anthony, Justin H., and Hopkinson, David. Sat . "An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center". United States. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1478211.
@article{osti_1478211,
title = {An automated lab-scale flue gas permeation membrane testing system at the National Carbon Capture Center},
author = {Kusuma, Victor A. and Venna, Surendar R. and Wickramanayake, Shan and Dahe, Ganpat J. and Myers, Christina R. and O’Connor, John and Resnik, Kevin P. and Anthony, Justin H. and Hopkinson, David},
abstractNote = {A constant pressure, mixed gas permeation testing skid was deployed at the National Carbon Capture Center to test membrane performance when continuously exposed to slipstream post-combustion flue gas. Small, laboratory scale membranes can be loaded for testing and the degree of automation allowed the skid to be run unattended for several weeks at a time. In this report, we share our experience in commissioning the skid and quantifying CO2, N2 and O2 permeances of several membranes during the first round of testing. Dense films of polydimethylsiloxane and poly(bistrifluoroethoxyphosphazene) were tested with flue gas for approximately 20 h each. Here, in addition, we successfully tested four thin film composite hollow fiber membranes made by a dip coating process, consisting of porous Torlon hollow fibers coated with a selective layer of poly(bistrifluoroethoxyphosphazene) or its mixed matrix with a metal organic framework SIFSIX-Cu-2i filler particles. Initial results suggest the polydimethylsiloxane showed comparable results to the literature data, but the coated hollow fiber membranes have lower CO2 permeances relative to N2 or O2 permeances compared to their performance under idealized, dry, contaminant-free mixed gas conditions. While quantification of H2O permeance was performed, we found it was affected by concentration polarization even with small membrane area and a low stage cut.},
doi = {10.1016/j.memsci.2017.02.051},
journal = {Journal of Membrane Science},
number = C,
volume = 533,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sat Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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