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Title: Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis

Abstract

Carbon supports are vital for a wide range of electrochemical reactions, yet the production of useful carbon supports largely relies on costly precursors and fabrication methods. Here, we present a new economical process to fabricate carbon-based supports for electrocatalysts using recycled tire rubber as the main feedstock. Using the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) as an example, we deposited Pt nanocubes on tire-derived carbon with different textural properties and surface chemistries. Our results show that Pt nanocubes are most effective toward the ORR when loaded onto tire-derived carbon with an increased electrochemically active surface area, a decreased average pore diameter, low sulfur content, and good crystallinity. These properties collectively allow for high dispersion of Pt nanocubes onto the tire-derived carbon support, and hence, increase the activity toward oxygen reduction. When benchmarked against a commercial carbon black support (Ketjen-300), the tire-derived carbon support achieved similar performance. Our results highlight an effective approach to converting waste tires into carbon supports for electrocatalysis.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1477904
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1479712
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; DGE-1650044
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society Journal Volume: 165 Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; electrocatalysis; energy conversion; fuel cells - PEM; oxygen reduction; tire-derived carbon

Citation Formats

Hood, Zachary D., Yang, Xuan, Li, Yunchao, Naskar, Amit K., Chi, Miaofang, and Paranthaman, M. Parans. Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1149/2.1081813jes.
Hood, Zachary D., Yang, Xuan, Li, Yunchao, Naskar, Amit K., Chi, Miaofang, & Paranthaman, M. Parans. Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis. United States. doi:10.1149/2.1081813jes.
Hood, Zachary D., Yang, Xuan, Li, Yunchao, Naskar, Amit K., Chi, Miaofang, and Paranthaman, M. Parans. Wed . "Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis". United States. doi:10.1149/2.1081813jes.
@article{osti_1477904,
title = {Conversion of Waste Tire Rubber into High-Value-Added Carbon Supports for Electrocatalysis},
author = {Hood, Zachary D. and Yang, Xuan and Li, Yunchao and Naskar, Amit K. and Chi, Miaofang and Paranthaman, M. Parans},
abstractNote = {Carbon supports are vital for a wide range of electrochemical reactions, yet the production of useful carbon supports largely relies on costly precursors and fabrication methods. Here, we present a new economical process to fabricate carbon-based supports for electrocatalysts using recycled tire rubber as the main feedstock. Using the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) as an example, we deposited Pt nanocubes on tire-derived carbon with different textural properties and surface chemistries. Our results show that Pt nanocubes are most effective toward the ORR when loaded onto tire-derived carbon with an increased electrochemically active surface area, a decreased average pore diameter, low sulfur content, and good crystallinity. These properties collectively allow for high dispersion of Pt nanocubes onto the tire-derived carbon support, and hence, increase the activity toward oxygen reduction. When benchmarked against a commercial carbon black support (Ketjen-300), the tire-derived carbon support achieved similar performance. Our results highlight an effective approach to converting waste tires into carbon supports for electrocatalysis.},
doi = {10.1149/2.1081813jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
issn = {0013-4651},
number = 14,
volume = 165,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1149/2.1081813jes

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
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