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Title: Enhanced safety of geologic CO 2 storage with nanoparticles

Abstract

In this paper, some methods have been developed to detect leakage of CO 2 from its desired storage domain, but that is not sufficient to prevent and mitigate a leak. Two techniques have been proposed to prevent the migration of buoyant CO 2 from the storage domain by expediting mixing of CO 2 with the brine and mitigate risk of its leakage risk. These two methods are injection of CO 2 pre-mixed with brine, and injection of CO 2 with nanoparticles (NPs). The former has been studied to some extent, however, understanding of the latter is very limited. Unlike the application of NPs in hydrocarbon recovery, its use to enhance safety of CO 2 storage is a fairly unexplored topic that can have important benefits for the safety of the storage process. Also, the use of NPs for subsurface application in general is compromised for its cost. We investigate how NPs produced from low-level nuclear waste can be added with injected CO 2 to enhance the mixing of CO 2 with brine, which can mitigate leakage risk of CO 2.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Morgantown, WV (United States)
  2. Plymouth, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Morgantown, WV (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1477843
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0017-9310
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; CO2; Nanoparticles; Convective mixing; Nuclear waste; Safe storage

Citation Formats

Singh, Harpreet, and Islam, Akand. Enhanced safety of geologic CO2 storage with nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.152.
Singh, Harpreet, & Islam, Akand. Enhanced safety of geologic CO2 storage with nanoparticles. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.152.
Singh, Harpreet, and Islam, Akand. Thu . "Enhanced safety of geologic CO2 storage with nanoparticles". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.152. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1477843.
@article{osti_1477843,
title = {Enhanced safety of geologic CO2 storage with nanoparticles},
author = {Singh, Harpreet and Islam, Akand},
abstractNote = {In this paper, some methods have been developed to detect leakage of CO2 from its desired storage domain, but that is not sufficient to prevent and mitigate a leak. Two techniques have been proposed to prevent the migration of buoyant CO2 from the storage domain by expediting mixing of CO2 with the brine and mitigate risk of its leakage risk. These two methods are injection of CO2 pre-mixed with brine, and injection of CO2 with nanoparticles (NPs). The former has been studied to some extent, however, understanding of the latter is very limited. Unlike the application of NPs in hydrocarbon recovery, its use to enhance safety of CO2 storage is a fairly unexplored topic that can have important benefits for the safety of the storage process. Also, the use of NPs for subsurface application in general is compromised for its cost. We investigate how NPs produced from low-level nuclear waste can be added with injected CO2 to enhance the mixing of CO2 with brine, which can mitigate leakage risk of CO2.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.12.152},
journal = {International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer},
issn = {0017-9310},
number = C,
volume = 121,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 2 works
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