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Title: Co-production of fully renewable medium chain α-olefins and bio-oil via hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass containing polyhydroxyalkanoic acid

Abstract

Medium chain-length linear α-olefins (mcl-LAO) are versatile precursors to commodity products such as synthetic lubricants and biodegradable detergents, and have been traditionally produced from ethylene oligomerization and Fischer–Tropsch synthesis. Medium chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoic acid (mcl-PHA) can be produced by some microorganisms as an energy storage. In this study, Pseudomonas putida biomass that contained mcl-PHA was used in HTL at 300 °C for 30 min, and up to 65 mol% of mcl-PHA was converted into mcl-LAO. The yield and quality of the bio-oil co-produced in the HTL was remarkably improved with the biomass rich in mcl-PHA. Experiments with extracted mcl-PHA revealed the degradation mechanism of mcl-PHA in HTL. Overall, this work demonstrates a novel process to co-produce mcl-LAO and bio-oil from renewable biomass.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1476671
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1481843
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-71467
Journal ID: ISSN 2046-2069; RSCACL
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
RSC Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 60; Journal ID: ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; precursors; olefins; biomass; mcl-PHA

Citation Formats

Dong, Tao, Xiong, Wei, Yu, Jianping, and Pienkos, Philip T. Co-production of fully renewable medium chain α-olefins and bio-oil via hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass containing polyhydroxyalkanoic acid. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1039/C8RA07359G.
Dong, Tao, Xiong, Wei, Yu, Jianping, & Pienkos, Philip T. Co-production of fully renewable medium chain α-olefins and bio-oil via hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass containing polyhydroxyalkanoic acid. United States. doi:10.1039/C8RA07359G.
Dong, Tao, Xiong, Wei, Yu, Jianping, and Pienkos, Philip T. Mon . "Co-production of fully renewable medium chain α-olefins and bio-oil via hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass containing polyhydroxyalkanoic acid". United States. doi:10.1039/C8RA07359G.
@article{osti_1476671,
title = {Co-production of fully renewable medium chain α-olefins and bio-oil via hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass containing polyhydroxyalkanoic acid},
author = {Dong, Tao and Xiong, Wei and Yu, Jianping and Pienkos, Philip T.},
abstractNote = {Medium chain-length linear α-olefins (mcl-LAO) are versatile precursors to commodity products such as synthetic lubricants and biodegradable detergents, and have been traditionally produced from ethylene oligomerization and Fischer–Tropsch synthesis. Medium chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoic acid (mcl-PHA) can be produced by some microorganisms as an energy storage. In this study, Pseudomonas putida biomass that contained mcl-PHA was used in HTL at 300 °C for 30 min, and up to 65 mol% of mcl-PHA was converted into mcl-LAO. The yield and quality of the bio-oil co-produced in the HTL was remarkably improved with the biomass rich in mcl-PHA. Experiments with extracted mcl-PHA revealed the degradation mechanism of mcl-PHA in HTL. Overall, this work demonstrates a novel process to co-produce mcl-LAO and bio-oil from renewable biomass.},
doi = {10.1039/C8RA07359G},
journal = {RSC Advances},
issn = {2046-2069},
number = 60,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1039/C8RA07359G

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Small scale HTL experiment setting up (the gas phase was analyzed by GC1; the bio-oil in dichloromethane (DCM) was analyzed by GC2; after DCM evaporation the bio-oil was analyzed by GC3).

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Works referenced in this record:

Process development for hydrothermal liquefaction of algae feedstocks in a continuous-flow reactor
journal, October 2013


Lignin valorization through integrated biological funneling and chemical catalysis
journal, August 2014

  • Linger, J. G.; Vardon, D. R.; Guarnieri, M. T.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 33, p. 12013-12018
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1410657111