skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Laser Sintering of Printed Anodes for Al-Air Batteries

Abstract

We report on a 3D printed Al anode for Al-air battery combined with laser sintering method. We verified that laser sintering contributed to effective removal of the organic solvent in the slurry and increased the conductivity of the printed anode. By application of infrared laser sintering, we significantly improved electrical contacts of Al nanoparticles and electrochemical performance of Al-air cells. A Pt/C coated hydrophobic carbon paper was used for air cathode to provide a good electrical contact, an oxygen flow ability, and the water sealing. Gel-style KOH was introduced as the electrolyte and waterways also utilized in the chemical reaction. The laser sintered Al-air battery could provide 239 mAh/g discharge capacity and a 0.95 V operation voltage. Also, a 3D structured anode was fabricated by 3D printing the active material on current collectors to achieve a high mass-loading with active material thickness of 360 μm, 560 μm and 680 μm for 1, 2 and 3 layers 3D printed electrodes. The battery cells provide areal discharge capacities of 1.5 mAh/cm 2, 2.8mAh/cm 2, and 3.23 mAh/cm 2, respectively for 1, 2 and 3 layers-electrodes.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Shandong Univ., Jinan (China)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Sichuan Univ., Chengdu (China)
  4. CK Technologies, Meridianville, AL (United States)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Beijing Univ. of Technology (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1476405
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 165; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Yu, Yongchao, Chen, Min, Wang, Shutong, Hill, Curtis, Joshi, Pooran, Kuruganti, Teja, and Hu, Anming. Laser Sintering of Printed Anodes for Al-Air Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0811803jes.
Yu, Yongchao, Chen, Min, Wang, Shutong, Hill, Curtis, Joshi, Pooran, Kuruganti, Teja, & Hu, Anming. Laser Sintering of Printed Anodes for Al-Air Batteries. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0811803jes.
Yu, Yongchao, Chen, Min, Wang, Shutong, Hill, Curtis, Joshi, Pooran, Kuruganti, Teja, and Hu, Anming. Wed . "Laser Sintering of Printed Anodes for Al-Air Batteries". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0811803jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1476405.
@article{osti_1476405,
title = {Laser Sintering of Printed Anodes for Al-Air Batteries},
author = {Yu, Yongchao and Chen, Min and Wang, Shutong and Hill, Curtis and Joshi, Pooran and Kuruganti, Teja and Hu, Anming},
abstractNote = {We report on a 3D printed Al anode for Al-air battery combined with laser sintering method. We verified that laser sintering contributed to effective removal of the organic solvent in the slurry and increased the conductivity of the printed anode. By application of infrared laser sintering, we significantly improved electrical contacts of Al nanoparticles and electrochemical performance of Al-air cells. A Pt/C coated hydrophobic carbon paper was used for air cathode to provide a good electrical contact, an oxygen flow ability, and the water sealing. Gel-style KOH was introduced as the electrolyte and waterways also utilized in the chemical reaction. The laser sintered Al-air battery could provide 239 mAh/g discharge capacity and a 0.95 V operation voltage. Also, a 3D structured anode was fabricated by 3D printing the active material on current collectors to achieve a high mass-loading with active material thickness of 360 μm, 560 μm and 680 μm for 1, 2 and 3 layers 3D printed electrodes. The battery cells provide areal discharge capacities of 1.5 mAh/cm2, 2.8mAh/cm2, and 3.23 mAh/cm2, respectively for 1, 2 and 3 layers-electrodes.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0811803jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
issn = {0013-4651},
number = 3,
volume = 165,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) typical SEM image and (b) the statistic Al nanoparticle size distribution in the Al NP slurry, (c) SEM image of the carbon paper and (d) the contact angle of a water drop on carbon paper.

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Caustic aluminate liquors: preparation and characterisation using static light scattering and in situ X-ray diffraction
journal, June 1997

  • Counter, James; Gerson, Andrea; Ralston, John
  • Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 126, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0927-7757(97)00004-6

Lithium-Ion Textile Batteries with Large Areal Mass Loading
journal, October 2011

  • Hu, Liangbing; La Mantia, Fabio; Wu, Hui
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100261

Laser sintering of copper nanoparticles
journal, December 2013


Thermal cure effects on electrical performance of nanoparticle silver inks
journal, October 2007


Processes on aluminium on the negative side of the open-circuit potential
journal, January 1990

  • Radošević, J.; Kliškić, M.; Dabić, P.
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry and Interfacial Electrochemistry, Vol. 277, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/0022-0728(90)85094-L

Ionic liquid electrolytes as a platform for rechargeable metal–air batteries: a perspective
journal, January 2014

  • Kar, Mega; Simons, Tristan J.; Forsyth, Maria
  • Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 16, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CP02533D

Effect of Electrolyte Composition on Lithium Dendrite Growth
journal, January 2008

  • Crowther, Owen; West, Alan C.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 155, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2969424

Use of low-cost aluminum in electric energy production
journal, July 2006


Impact of Pulse Thermal Processing on the Properties of Inkjet Printed Metal and Flexible Sensors
journal, January 2015

  • Joshi, Pooran C.; Kuruganti, Teja; Killough, Stephen M.
  • ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0161504jss

Abnormal yields of hydrogen and the mechanism of its evolution during cathodic polarization of aluminium
journal, November 1990


Electrical sintering of nanoparticle structures
journal, March 2008


Design and analysis of aluminum/air battery system for electric vehicles
journal, October 2002


Alternative sintering methods compared to conventional thermal sintering for inkjet printed silver nanoparticle ink
journal, April 2014


Recent advances in activity and durability enhancement of Pt/C catalytic cathode in PEMFC
journal, October 2007


High Energy Density Metal-Air Batteries: A Review
journal, January 2013

  • Rahman, Md. Arafat; Wang, Xiaojian; Wen, Cuie
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 160, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.062310jes

Nanoparticles of the Lead-free Solder Alloy Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu with Large Melting Temperature Depression
journal, October 2008


Organic thin film transistor using silver electrodes by the ink-jet printing technology
journal, July 2007


The study of aluminium anodes for high power density Al/air batteries with brine electrolytes
journal, March 2008


Progress in electrical energy storage system: A critical review
journal, March 2009


Particle Size Effects for Oxygen Reduction on Highly Dispersed Platinum in Acid Electrolytes
journal, January 1990

  • Kinoshita, K.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 3, p. 845-848
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2086566

The role of carbon materials in heterogeneous catalysis
journal, January 1998


Argon plasma sintering of inkjet printed silver tracks on polymer substrates
journal, January 2009

  • Reinhold, Ingo; Hendriks, Chris E.; Eckardt, Rebecca
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 19, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1039/b823329b

Low temperature sintering of Ag nanoparticles for flexible electronics packaging
journal, October 2010

  • Hu, A.; Guo, J. Y.; Alarifi, H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3502604

Aluminum as anode for energy storage and conversion: a review
journal, July 2002


Building better batteries
journal, February 2008

  • Armand, M.; Tarascon, J.-M.
  • Nature, Vol. 451, Issue 7179, p. 652-657
  • DOI: 10.1038/451652a

Thermodynamic analysis on energy densities of batteries
journal, January 2011

  • Zu, Chen-Xi; Li, Hong
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0ee00777c

Ag/C nanoparticles as an cathode catalyst for a zinc-air battery with a flowing alkaline electrolyte
journal, September 2009


Robust Ag nanoplate ink for flexible electronics packaging
journal, January 2015

  • Li, Ruo-Zhou; Hu, Anming; Bridges, Denzel
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 7, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5NR00312A

Anomalous oxidation of platinum clusters studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
journal, January 1990

  • Parmigiani, F.; Kay, E.; Bagus, P. S.
  • Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, Vol. 50, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/0368-2048(90)80004-T

Fabrication and processing of polymer solar cells: A review of printing and coating techniques
journal, April 2009


Recent developments in materials for aluminum–air batteries: A review
journal, December 2015

  • Mokhtar, Marliyana; Talib, Meor Zainal Meor; Majlan, Edy Herianto
  • Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 32
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jiec.2015.08.004

Electrocatalytic properties of ultrafine platinum particles for hydrogen electrode reaction in an aqueous solution of sulfuric acid
journal, March 1989


Dendritic growth mechanisms in lithium/polymer cells
journal, September 1999


Melt dispersion versus diffusive oxidation mechanism for aluminum nanoparticles: Critical experiments and controlling parameters
journal, January 2008

  • Levitas, Valery I.; Pantoya, Michelle L.; Dikici, Birce
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2824392

Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Sodium-Ion Batteries: Potential Alternatives to Current Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, May 2012

  • Kim, Sung-Wook; Seo, Dong-Hwa; Ma, Xiaohua
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 7, p. 710-721
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200026

The crystallization mechanism of Al(OH)3 from sodium aluminate solutions
journal, June 2005


Hydrothermal synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its application in lithium ion battery
journal, December 2009


Energy storage systems—Characteristics and comparisons
journal, June 2008


Developments in electrode materials and electrolytes for aluminium–air batteries
journal, August 2013


Surface and structural characteristics of gibbsite precepitated from pure, synthetic Bayer liquor
journal, January 1997


Cost modeling of lithium-ion battery cells for automotive applications
journal, October 2014

  • Patry, Gaëtan; Romagny, Alex; Martinet, Sébastien
  • Energy Science & Engineering, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/ese3.47

A Review of the Iron-Air Secondary Battery for Energy Storage
journal, September 2014

  • McKerracher, R. D.; Ponce de Leon, Carlos; Wills, R. G. A.
  • ChemPlusChem, Vol. 80, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/cplu.201402238

Thick Binder-Free Electrodes for Li-Ion Battery Fabricated Using Templating Approach and Spark Plasma Sintering Reveals High Areal Capacity
journal, January 2018

  • Elango, Rakesh; Demortière, Arnaud; De Andrade, Vincent
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201703031

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Recent Progress of Metal–Air Batteries—A Mini Review
    journal, July 2019

    • Wang, Chunlian; Yu, Yongchao; Niu, Jiajia
    • Applied Sciences, Vol. 9, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.3390/app9142787

    Recent Progress of Metal–Air Batteries—A Mini Review
    journal, July 2019

    • Wang, Chunlian; Yu, Yongchao; Niu, Jiajia
    • Applied Sciences, Vol. 9, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.3390/app9142787

      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.