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Title: Personality Constructs and Paradigms in the Alternative DSM-5 Model of Personality Disorder

Abstract

The DSM-5 Section III alternative model for personality disorders (AMPD) is a personality disorder (PD) nosology based on severity of personality dysfunction and pathological traits. In this work, we examined the degree to which the personality constructs identified by McAdams and Pals (2006; dispositional traits, characteristic adaptations, narrative identity) and the paradigms of personality assessment described by Wiggins (2003; psychodynamic, interpersonal, personological, multivariate, empirical) are represented within the AMPD. Nine raters expert with the AMPD and personality evaluated elements of Criterion A and the 25 trait facets of Criterion B for presence of type and degree of personality constructs and paradigms, as well as level of inference. Criterion B showed higher rater agreement compared to Criterion A. Criteria A and B reflect different configurations of construct, paradigm, and level of inference. The characteristic adaptation construct and interpersonal paradigm were strongly reflected in both Criteria A and B. The psychodynamic and personological paradigms and the narrative identity construct were highly correlated, and the multivariate, empirical, and dispositional traits variables were highly correlated. Results illustrate differential conceptual emphases as well as areas of overlap with Criteria A and B. This characterization highlights that PD nosology rests on personality theory and suggests implicationsmore » for integrative PD assessment.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [5];  [5]
  1. Long Island Univ., Brooklyn, NY (United States). Dept. of Psychology
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Psychology
  3. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Psychology
  4. Olin College of Engineering, Needham, MA (United States). Dept. of Psychology
  5. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Psychology
  6. Villanova Univ., Villanova, PA (United States). Dept. of Psychology
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1476391
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Personality Assessment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3891
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS

Citation Formats

Mulay, Abby L., Cain, Nicole M., Waugh, Mark H., Hopwood, Christopher J., Adler, Jonathan M., Garcia, Darren J., Kurtz, John E., Lenger, Katherine A., and Skadberg, Rebecca. Personality Constructs and Paradigms in the Alternative DSM-5 Model of Personality Disorder. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1080/00223891.2018.1477787.
Mulay, Abby L., Cain, Nicole M., Waugh, Mark H., Hopwood, Christopher J., Adler, Jonathan M., Garcia, Darren J., Kurtz, John E., Lenger, Katherine A., & Skadberg, Rebecca. Personality Constructs and Paradigms in the Alternative DSM-5 Model of Personality Disorder. United States. doi:10.1080/00223891.2018.1477787.
Mulay, Abby L., Cain, Nicole M., Waugh, Mark H., Hopwood, Christopher J., Adler, Jonathan M., Garcia, Darren J., Kurtz, John E., Lenger, Katherine A., and Skadberg, Rebecca. Thu . "Personality Constructs and Paradigms in the Alternative DSM-5 Model of Personality Disorder". United States. doi:10.1080/00223891.2018.1477787.
@article{osti_1476391,
title = {Personality Constructs and Paradigms in the Alternative DSM-5 Model of Personality Disorder},
author = {Mulay, Abby L. and Cain, Nicole M. and Waugh, Mark H. and Hopwood, Christopher J. and Adler, Jonathan M. and Garcia, Darren J. and Kurtz, John E. and Lenger, Katherine A. and Skadberg, Rebecca},
abstractNote = {The DSM-5 Section III alternative model for personality disorders (AMPD) is a personality disorder (PD) nosology based on severity of personality dysfunction and pathological traits. In this work, we examined the degree to which the personality constructs identified by McAdams and Pals (2006; dispositional traits, characteristic adaptations, narrative identity) and the paradigms of personality assessment described by Wiggins (2003; psychodynamic, interpersonal, personological, multivariate, empirical) are represented within the AMPD. Nine raters expert with the AMPD and personality evaluated elements of Criterion A and the 25 trait facets of Criterion B for presence of type and degree of personality constructs and paradigms, as well as level of inference. Criterion B showed higher rater agreement compared to Criterion A. Criteria A and B reflect different configurations of construct, paradigm, and level of inference. The characteristic adaptation construct and interpersonal paradigm were strongly reflected in both Criteria A and B. The psychodynamic and personological paradigms and the narrative identity construct were highly correlated, and the multivariate, empirical, and dispositional traits variables were highly correlated. Results illustrate differential conceptual emphases as well as areas of overlap with Criteria A and B. This characterization highlights that PD nosology rests on personality theory and suggests implications for integrative PD assessment.},
doi = {10.1080/00223891.2018.1477787},
journal = {Journal of Personality Assessment},
issn = {0022-3891},
number = 6,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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