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Title: Evaluation of performance metrics for the Wave Energy Prize converters tested at 1/20th scale

Abstract

It is expected that wave energy technologies will play a future role in providing clean renewable energy and diversifying energy portfolios; however, they are still at an early stage of development compared to other renewables, with varying archetypes proposed. As technologies advance toward commercialization, benchmarking is needed to quantify performance and costs. In this review, experimental datasets of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) devices tested in the final stage of the Wave Energy Prize (WEPrize) are compared and ranked using performance metrics found in the literature and those developed as WEPrize judging metrics at both U.S. and European representative wave climates. Because the WEPrize devices were tested under a set of identical sea states, which ranged from typical operating conditions to extreme storm events, consistent datasets were produced to facilitate comparison. This allows for a rare addition to the open literature on device performance trends. In addition, a reevaluation of trends established in previous power performance benchmarking studies is given. Trends found in previous studies were confirmed, except for the absorbed energy per characteristic mass metric, in which some of the WEPrize devices had higher values. Each of the metrics considered in this study has limitations due to the assumptions inmore » simplifying the economic potential (e.g., power absorbed vs. a proxy to cost). In addition, each of these proxies is limited to the capital cost of a device, unlike the final metric used in the WEPrize, HPQ, which includes limited proxies of operational and capital expenditures, as well as array considerations. Recommendations are given for the use and potential modification of the metrics considered. Specifically, it is recommended that the ACE metric (from the WEPrize) be modified to more accurately include the other important system costs, such as the PTO and mooring, as well as installation, operation and maintenance costs.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1475523
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5000-72525
Journal ID: ISSN 1364-0321
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews; Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: C
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
16 TIDAL AND WAVE POWER; wave energy converters; wave Energy Prize; performance database; performance metrics; tank testing; MASK basin

Citation Formats

Dallman, Ann, Jenne, Dale S., Neary, Vincent, Driscoll, Frederick, Thresher, Robert, and Gunawan, Budi. Evaluation of performance metrics for the Wave Energy Prize converters tested at 1/20th scale. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.09.002.
Dallman, Ann, Jenne, Dale S., Neary, Vincent, Driscoll, Frederick, Thresher, Robert, & Gunawan, Budi. Evaluation of performance metrics for the Wave Energy Prize converters tested at 1/20th scale. United States. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.09.002.
Dallman, Ann, Jenne, Dale S., Neary, Vincent, Driscoll, Frederick, Thresher, Robert, and Gunawan, Budi. Sat . "Evaluation of performance metrics for the Wave Energy Prize converters tested at 1/20th scale". United States. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.09.002.
@article{osti_1475523,
title = {Evaluation of performance metrics for the Wave Energy Prize converters tested at 1/20th scale},
author = {Dallman, Ann and Jenne, Dale S. and Neary, Vincent and Driscoll, Frederick and Thresher, Robert and Gunawan, Budi},
abstractNote = {It is expected that wave energy technologies will play a future role in providing clean renewable energy and diversifying energy portfolios; however, they are still at an early stage of development compared to other renewables, with varying archetypes proposed. As technologies advance toward commercialization, benchmarking is needed to quantify performance and costs. In this review, experimental datasets of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) devices tested in the final stage of the Wave Energy Prize (WEPrize) are compared and ranked using performance metrics found in the literature and those developed as WEPrize judging metrics at both U.S. and European representative wave climates. Because the WEPrize devices were tested under a set of identical sea states, which ranged from typical operating conditions to extreme storm events, consistent datasets were produced to facilitate comparison. This allows for a rare addition to the open literature on device performance trends. In addition, a reevaluation of trends established in previous power performance benchmarking studies is given. Trends found in previous studies were confirmed, except for the absorbed energy per characteristic mass metric, in which some of the WEPrize devices had higher values. Each of the metrics considered in this study has limitations due to the assumptions in simplifying the economic potential (e.g., power absorbed vs. a proxy to cost). In addition, each of these proxies is limited to the capital cost of a device, unlike the final metric used in the WEPrize, HPQ, which includes limited proxies of operational and capital expenditures, as well as array considerations. Recommendations are given for the use and potential modification of the metrics considered. Specifically, it is recommended that the ACE metric (from the WEPrize) be modified to more accurately include the other important system costs, such as the PTO and mooring, as well as installation, operation and maintenance costs.},
doi = {10.1016/j.rser.2018.09.002},
journal = {Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews},
number = C,
volume = 98,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2018},
month = {Sat Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2018}
}