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Title: 3D printed structures for modeling the Young’s modulus of bamboo parenchyma

Abstract

Bamboo is a sustainable, lightweight material that is widely used in structural applications. To fully develop micromechanical models for plants, such as bamboo, the mechanical properties of each individual type of tissue are needed. However, separating individual tissues and testing them mechanically is challenging. Here, we report an alternative approach in which micro X-ray computed tomography (mu-CT) is used to image moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens). The acquired images, which correspond to the 3D structure of the parenchyma, are then transformed into physical, albeit larger scale, structures by 3D printing, and their mechanical properties are characterized. The normalized longitudinal Young's moduli of the fabricated structures depend on relative density raised to a power between 2 and 3, suggesting that elastic deformation of the parenchyma cellular structure involves considerable cell wall bending. The mechanical behavior of other biological tissues may also be elucidated using this approach.Statement of SignificanceBamboo is a lightweight, sustainable engineering material widely used in structural applications. By combining micro X-ray computed tomography and 3D printing, we have produced bamboo parenchyma mimics and characterized their stiffness. Using this approach, we gained insight into bamboo parenchyma tissue mechanics, specifically the cellular geometry's role in longitudinal elasticity. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc.more » Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1474320
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Acta Biomaterialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 68; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1742-7061
Publisher:
Acta Materialia, Inc.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Bamboo; parenchyma; micro X-ray computed tomography; 3D printing

Citation Formats

Dixon, P. G., Muth, J. T., Xiao, X., Skylar-Scott, M. A., Lewis, J. A., and Gibson, L. J. 3D printed structures for modeling the Young’s modulus of bamboo parenchyma. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2017.12.036.
Dixon, P. G., Muth, J. T., Xiao, X., Skylar-Scott, M. A., Lewis, J. A., & Gibson, L. J. 3D printed structures for modeling the Young’s modulus of bamboo parenchyma. United States. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2017.12.036.
Dixon, P. G., Muth, J. T., Xiao, X., Skylar-Scott, M. A., Lewis, J. A., and Gibson, L. J. Thu . "3D printed structures for modeling the Young’s modulus of bamboo parenchyma". United States. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2017.12.036.
@article{osti_1474320,
title = {3D printed structures for modeling the Young’s modulus of bamboo parenchyma},
author = {Dixon, P. G. and Muth, J. T. and Xiao, X. and Skylar-Scott, M. A. and Lewis, J. A. and Gibson, L. J.},
abstractNote = {Bamboo is a sustainable, lightweight material that is widely used in structural applications. To fully develop micromechanical models for plants, such as bamboo, the mechanical properties of each individual type of tissue are needed. However, separating individual tissues and testing them mechanically is challenging. Here, we report an alternative approach in which micro X-ray computed tomography (mu-CT) is used to image moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens). The acquired images, which correspond to the 3D structure of the parenchyma, are then transformed into physical, albeit larger scale, structures by 3D printing, and their mechanical properties are characterized. The normalized longitudinal Young's moduli of the fabricated structures depend on relative density raised to a power between 2 and 3, suggesting that elastic deformation of the parenchyma cellular structure involves considerable cell wall bending. The mechanical behavior of other biological tissues may also be elucidated using this approach.Statement of SignificanceBamboo is a lightweight, sustainable engineering material widely used in structural applications. By combining micro X-ray computed tomography and 3D printing, we have produced bamboo parenchyma mimics and characterized their stiffness. Using this approach, we gained insight into bamboo parenchyma tissue mechanics, specifically the cellular geometry's role in longitudinal elasticity. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
doi = {10.1016/j.actbio.2017.12.036},
journal = {Acta Biomaterialia},
issn = {1742-7061},
number = C,
volume = 68,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}