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Title: Evidence and modeling of 3D divertor footprint induced by lower hybrid waves on EAST with tungsten divertor operations

Abstract

Here, three dimensional (3D) divertor particle flux footprints induced by the lower hybrid wave (LHW) have been systematically investigated in the EAST superconducting tokamak during the recent experimental campaign. We find that the striated particle flux (SPF) peaks away from the strike point (SP) closely fit the pitch of the edge magnetic field line for different safety factors q 95, as predicted by a field line tracing code taking into account the helical current filaments (HCFs) in the scrape-off-layer (SOL). As LHW power increases, it requires the fuelling to be increased e.g. by super molecular beam injection (SMBI), to maintain a similar plasma density, which may be attributed to the pump-out effect due to LHW, and may thus be beneficial for EAST steady state operations. The 3D SPF structure is observed with a LHW power threshold (P LHW ~ 0.9 MW). The ratio of the particle fluxes between SPF and outer strike point (OSP), i.e. $${{\Gamma }_{{\rm ion},{\rm SPF}}}/{{\Gamma }_{{\rm ion},{\rm OSP}}}$$ , increases with the LHW power. Upon transition to divertor detachment, the particle flux at the main OSP decreases, as expected, however, the particle flux at SPF continues increasing, in contrast to the RMP-induced striations that vanish with increasing divertor density. In addition, we also find that the in–out asymmetry of the 3D particle flux footprint pattern exhibits a clear dependence on the toroidal field direction (B × ∇ B ↓ and B × ∇ B↑). Experiments using neon impurity seeding show a promising capability in 3D particle and heat flux control on EAST. LHW-induced particle and heat flux striations are also present in the H-mode plasmas, reducing the peak heat flux and erosion at the main strike point, thus facilitating long-pulse operation with a new steady-state H-mode over 60s being recently achieved in EAST.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5];  [1];  [1];  [6]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [6];  [7];  [1];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [8] more »;  [1];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6]; ORCiD logo [9];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [10];  [6];  [6] « less
  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (People's Republic of China); Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Hefei (People's Republic of China)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (People's Republic of China); Dalian Univ. of Technology, Dalian (People's Republic of China)
  3. Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Julich (Germany)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (People's Republic of China); Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, Julich (Germany)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (People's Republic of China); General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (People's Republic of China)
  7. CEA, IRFM, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)
  8. Dalian Univ. of Technology, Dalian (People's Republic of China)
  9. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  10. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
The EAST team
OSTI Identifier:
1471878
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 3D effect; particle flux footprint; lower hybrid wave; helical current filaments

Citation Formats

Feng, W., Wang, L., Rack, M., Liang, Y., Guo, H. Y., Xu, G. S., Xu, J. C., Liu, J. B., Sun, Y. W., Jia, M. N., Yang, Q. Q., Zhang, B., Zou, X. L., Liu, H., Zhang, T., Ding, F., Chen, J. B., Duan, Y. M., Zheng, X. W., Dai, S. Y., Deng, G. Z., Chen, R., Hu, G. H., Yan, N., Si, H., Liu, S. C., Xu, S., Wang, M., Li, M. H., Ding, B. J., Wingen, Andreas, Huang, J., Gao, X., Luo, G. N., Gong, X. Z., Garofalo, A. M., Li, J., and Wan, B. N.. Evidence and modeling of 3D divertor footprint induced by lower hybrid waves on EAST with tungsten divertor operations. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa8bf3.
Feng, W., Wang, L., Rack, M., Liang, Y., Guo, H. Y., Xu, G. S., Xu, J. C., Liu, J. B., Sun, Y. W., Jia, M. N., Yang, Q. Q., Zhang, B., Zou, X. L., Liu, H., Zhang, T., Ding, F., Chen, J. B., Duan, Y. M., Zheng, X. W., Dai, S. Y., Deng, G. Z., Chen, R., Hu, G. H., Yan, N., Si, H., Liu, S. C., Xu, S., Wang, M., Li, M. H., Ding, B. J., Wingen, Andreas, Huang, J., Gao, X., Luo, G. N., Gong, X. Z., Garofalo, A. M., Li, J., & Wan, B. N.. Evidence and modeling of 3D divertor footprint induced by lower hybrid waves on EAST with tungsten divertor operations. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa8bf3.
Feng, W., Wang, L., Rack, M., Liang, Y., Guo, H. Y., Xu, G. S., Xu, J. C., Liu, J. B., Sun, Y. W., Jia, M. N., Yang, Q. Q., Zhang, B., Zou, X. L., Liu, H., Zhang, T., Ding, F., Chen, J. B., Duan, Y. M., Zheng, X. W., Dai, S. Y., Deng, G. Z., Chen, R., Hu, G. H., Yan, N., Si, H., Liu, S. C., Xu, S., Wang, M., Li, M. H., Ding, B. J., Wingen, Andreas, Huang, J., Gao, X., Luo, G. N., Gong, X. Z., Garofalo, A. M., Li, J., and Wan, B. N.. Thu . "Evidence and modeling of 3D divertor footprint induced by lower hybrid waves on EAST with tungsten divertor operations". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa8bf3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1471878.
@article{osti_1471878,
title = {Evidence and modeling of 3D divertor footprint induced by lower hybrid waves on EAST with tungsten divertor operations},
author = {Feng, W. and Wang, L. and Rack, M. and Liang, Y. and Guo, H. Y. and Xu, G. S. and Xu, J. C. and Liu, J. B. and Sun, Y. W. and Jia, M. N. and Yang, Q. Q. and Zhang, B. and Zou, X. L. and Liu, H. and Zhang, T. and Ding, F. and Chen, J. B. and Duan, Y. M. and Zheng, X. W. and Dai, S. Y. and Deng, G. Z. and Chen, R. and Hu, G. H. and Yan, N. and Si, H. and Liu, S. C. and Xu, S. and Wang, M. and Li, M. H. and Ding, B. J. and Wingen, Andreas and Huang, J. and Gao, X. and Luo, G. N. and Gong, X. Z. and Garofalo, A. M. and Li, J. and Wan, B. N.},
abstractNote = {Here, three dimensional (3D) divertor particle flux footprints induced by the lower hybrid wave (LHW) have been systematically investigated in the EAST superconducting tokamak during the recent experimental campaign. We find that the striated particle flux (SPF) peaks away from the strike point (SP) closely fit the pitch of the edge magnetic field line for different safety factors q 95, as predicted by a field line tracing code taking into account the helical current filaments (HCFs) in the scrape-off-layer (SOL). As LHW power increases, it requires the fuelling to be increased e.g. by super molecular beam injection (SMBI), to maintain a similar plasma density, which may be attributed to the pump-out effect due to LHW, and may thus be beneficial for EAST steady state operations. The 3D SPF structure is observed with a LHW power threshold (P LHW ~ 0.9 MW). The ratio of the particle fluxes between SPF and outer strike point (OSP), i.e. ${{\Gamma }_{{\rm ion},{\rm SPF}}}/{{\Gamma }_{{\rm ion},{\rm OSP}}}$ , increases with the LHW power. Upon transition to divertor detachment, the particle flux at the main OSP decreases, as expected, however, the particle flux at SPF continues increasing, in contrast to the RMP-induced striations that vanish with increasing divertor density. In addition, we also find that the in–out asymmetry of the 3D particle flux footprint pattern exhibits a clear dependence on the toroidal field direction (B × ∇ B ↓ and B × ∇ B↑). Experiments using neon impurity seeding show a promising capability in 3D particle and heat flux control on EAST. LHW-induced particle and heat flux striations are also present in the H-mode plasmas, reducing the peak heat flux and erosion at the main strike point, thus facilitating long-pulse operation with a new steady-state H-mode over 60s being recently achieved in EAST.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aa8bf3},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
issn = {0029-5515},
number = 12,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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