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Title: Thermosyphon Cooler Hybrid System for Water Savings in an Energy-Efficient HPC Data Center: Results from 24 Months and the Impact on Water Usage Effectiveness

Abstract

In August 2016, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) installed a thermosyphon hybrid cooling system to reduce water usage in its already extremely energy-efficient High-Performance Computing (HPC) Data Center. In its first year of use, the system saved 4,400 m3 (1.16 million gal) of water, and 7,950 m3 (2.10 million gal) during a 2-year period, cutting the use of water in the data center by about one-half. NREL's 930-m2 (10,000-ft2) HPC Data Center is often called the most energy-efficient data center in the world: it has achieved a trailing 12-month average power usage effectiveness of 1.034, and it features a chiller-less design, component-level warm-water liquid cooling, and waste heat capture and reuse. NREL considered the amount of water used by the cooling towers to be counter to the laboratory's sustainability mission, so a team of researchers from NREL, Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia), and Johnson Controls integrated the BlueStream thermosyphon cooler (TSC) - an advanced dry cooler that uses refrigerant in a passive cycle to dissipate heat - on the roof of NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility, the building that houses the HPC Data Center. In combination with the existing cooling towers, the TSC forms an extremely water- and cost-efficient coolingmore » system. In its first year of operation, on-site water usage effectiveness (WUE) was 0.70 L/kWh. In comparison, the WUE would be 1.27 L/kWh if NREL had continued using only heat-recovery and cooling towers. This on-site water savings was accomplished without negatively impacting the energy-efficient operation of the HPC Data Center. The TSC system technology has the potential for application in data centers around the world, and it is currently being implemented by Sandia. center by about one-half. NREL's 930-m2 (10,000-ft2) HPC Data Center is often called the most energy-efficient data center in the world: it has achieved a trailing 12-month average power usage effectiveness of 1.034, and it features a chiller-less design, component-level warm-water liquid cooling, and waste heat capture and reuse. NREL considered the amount of water used by the cooling towers to be counter to the laboratory's sustainability mission, so a team of researchers from NREL, Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia), and Johnson Controls integrated the BlueStream thermosyphon cooler (TSC) - an advanced dry cooler that uses refrigerant in a passive cycle to dissipate heat - on the roof of NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility, the building that houses the HPC Data Center. In combination with the existing cooling towers, the TSC forms an extremely water- and cost-efficient cooling system. In its first year of operation, on-site water usage effectiveness (WUE) was 0.70 L/kWh. In comparison, the WUE would be 1.27 L/kWh if NREL had continued using only heat-recovery and cooling towers. This on-site water savings was accomplished without negatively impacting the energy-efficient operation of the HPC Data Center. The TSC system technology has the potential for application in data centers around the world, and it is currently being implemented by Sandia.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Johnson Controls, Milwaukee, WI (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1471661
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-2C00-72196
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; thermosyphon cooler hybrid systems; TCHS; High-Performance Computing Data Center; HPC; water usage effectiveness; WUE

Citation Formats

Sickinger, David E., Van Geet, Otto D., Belmont, Suzanne A., Carter, Thomas, and Martinez, David. Thermosyphon Cooler Hybrid System for Water Savings in an Energy-Efficient HPC Data Center: Results from 24 Months and the Impact on Water Usage Effectiveness. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.2172/1471661.
Sickinger, David E., Van Geet, Otto D., Belmont, Suzanne A., Carter, Thomas, & Martinez, David. Thermosyphon Cooler Hybrid System for Water Savings in an Energy-Efficient HPC Data Center: Results from 24 Months and the Impact on Water Usage Effectiveness. United States. doi:10.2172/1471661.
Sickinger, David E., Van Geet, Otto D., Belmont, Suzanne A., Carter, Thomas, and Martinez, David. Fri . "Thermosyphon Cooler Hybrid System for Water Savings in an Energy-Efficient HPC Data Center: Results from 24 Months and the Impact on Water Usage Effectiveness". United States. doi:10.2172/1471661. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1471661.
@article{osti_1471661,
title = {Thermosyphon Cooler Hybrid System for Water Savings in an Energy-Efficient HPC Data Center: Results from 24 Months and the Impact on Water Usage Effectiveness},
author = {Sickinger, David E. and Van Geet, Otto D. and Belmont, Suzanne A. and Carter, Thomas and Martinez, David},
abstractNote = {In August 2016, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) installed a thermosyphon hybrid cooling system to reduce water usage in its already extremely energy-efficient High-Performance Computing (HPC) Data Center. In its first year of use, the system saved 4,400 m3 (1.16 million gal) of water, and 7,950 m3 (2.10 million gal) during a 2-year period, cutting the use of water in the data center by about one-half. NREL's 930-m2 (10,000-ft2) HPC Data Center is often called the most energy-efficient data center in the world: it has achieved a trailing 12-month average power usage effectiveness of 1.034, and it features a chiller-less design, component-level warm-water liquid cooling, and waste heat capture and reuse. NREL considered the amount of water used by the cooling towers to be counter to the laboratory's sustainability mission, so a team of researchers from NREL, Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia), and Johnson Controls integrated the BlueStream thermosyphon cooler (TSC) - an advanced dry cooler that uses refrigerant in a passive cycle to dissipate heat - on the roof of NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility, the building that houses the HPC Data Center. In combination with the existing cooling towers, the TSC forms an extremely water- and cost-efficient cooling system. In its first year of operation, on-site water usage effectiveness (WUE) was 0.70 L/kWh. In comparison, the WUE would be 1.27 L/kWh if NREL had continued using only heat-recovery and cooling towers. This on-site water savings was accomplished without negatively impacting the energy-efficient operation of the HPC Data Center. The TSC system technology has the potential for application in data centers around the world, and it is currently being implemented by Sandia. center by about one-half. NREL's 930-m2 (10,000-ft2) HPC Data Center is often called the most energy-efficient data center in the world: it has achieved a trailing 12-month average power usage effectiveness of 1.034, and it features a chiller-less design, component-level warm-water liquid cooling, and waste heat capture and reuse. NREL considered the amount of water used by the cooling towers to be counter to the laboratory's sustainability mission, so a team of researchers from NREL, Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia), and Johnson Controls integrated the BlueStream thermosyphon cooler (TSC) - an advanced dry cooler that uses refrigerant in a passive cycle to dissipate heat - on the roof of NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility, the building that houses the HPC Data Center. In combination with the existing cooling towers, the TSC forms an extremely water- and cost-efficient cooling system. In its first year of operation, on-site water usage effectiveness (WUE) was 0.70 L/kWh. In comparison, the WUE would be 1.27 L/kWh if NREL had continued using only heat-recovery and cooling towers. This on-site water savings was accomplished without negatively impacting the energy-efficient operation of the HPC Data Center. The TSC system technology has the potential for application in data centers around the world, and it is currently being implemented by Sandia.},
doi = {10.2172/1471661},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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