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Title: DEVELOPMENT OF THE ULTRA-LOW LOSS SUPERCONDUCTING RESONATORS INTEGRATED WITH DETECTORS FOR FREQUENCY-DOMAIN MULTIPLEXING READOUT OF FUTURE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND EXPERIMENTS - PHASE I FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT

Abstract

HYPRES, Inc. in collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is developing high frequency, compact, integrated superconducting resonators to facilitate frequency-division multiplexing readout of transition edge sensor (TES) bolometers for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and other experiments. The design and fabrication process being developed will allow the integration of resonators and detectors on a single wafer in a single fabrication flow. The process development aims to work out a high-volume, low-cost, high-yield production to support stage-IV CMB experiments and beyond. The Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel (P5) outlined a strategic plan for US particle physics research over the coming decade in 2014. The panel recommended, "support CMB experiments as part of the core particle physics program. The multidisciplinary nature of the science warrants continued multiagency support." In response to the recommendation, the CMB community started planning CMB Stage IV (CMB-S4), which aims to make definitive measurement of the early universe with ~100,000 detectors. In Phase I, we fabricated test chips that included designs for testing all aspects of the detectors with varying degrees of integration. Included were TES bolometers, LC resonators, resonators coupled to bolometers, and finally complete detector pixels including antenna, bolometer, and LC resonator. In addition, test chipsmore » compatible with HYPRES testing facilities were fabricated on the same 6 inch wafers. In this way, HYPRES was able to measure the resonators, while LBNL mainly focused on detector performance and making sure that the integration of the resonators into the process flow did not degrade their performance. The detector performance results were very encouraging, showing that HYPRES was able to maintain excellent quality and uniformity and fabricate TES detectors within design specs even with the additional complexity of the integrated LC resonators. The resonators also worked and showed excellent frequency repeatability, though additional effort is needed to increase their quality factors to ensure that losses in the resonator do not degrade detector performance. With further development, it is anticipated that this project will produce miniaturized, low loss, high frequency superconducting resonators, suitable for a variety of experiments and technologies. The primary motivation is to support the collaboration with LBNL in developing detectors for future Cosmic Microwave Background experiments. However, the use of LC resonators in circuits is ubiquitous, including in frequency modulation as envisioned here, but also in impedance matching, signal processing (filtering, tuning and mixing), and amplifiers. The expertise gained by HYPRES in fabricating superconducting resonators and integrating them with other components on the same wafer will enhance their offerings to both government and commercial customers who rely on HYPRES’ custom superconducting fabrication capabilities.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
HYPRES, Inc., Elmsford, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
OSTI Identifier:
1469021
Report Number(s):
DOE-HYP-17818
9415921190
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0017818
Type / Phase:
SBIR (Phase I)
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; cosmic microwave background; FDM; TES bolometers

Citation Formats

Truitt, Patrick. DEVELOPMENT OF THE ULTRA-LOW LOSS SUPERCONDUCTING RESONATORS INTEGRATED WITH DETECTORS FOR FREQUENCY-DOMAIN MULTIPLEXING READOUT OF FUTURE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND EXPERIMENTS - PHASE I FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Truitt, Patrick. DEVELOPMENT OF THE ULTRA-LOW LOSS SUPERCONDUCTING RESONATORS INTEGRATED WITH DETECTORS FOR FREQUENCY-DOMAIN MULTIPLEXING READOUT OF FUTURE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND EXPERIMENTS - PHASE I FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT. United States.
Truitt, Patrick. 2018. "DEVELOPMENT OF THE ULTRA-LOW LOSS SUPERCONDUCTING RESONATORS INTEGRATED WITH DETECTORS FOR FREQUENCY-DOMAIN MULTIPLEXING READOUT OF FUTURE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND EXPERIMENTS - PHASE I FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT". United States.
@article{osti_1469021,
title = {DEVELOPMENT OF THE ULTRA-LOW LOSS SUPERCONDUCTING RESONATORS INTEGRATED WITH DETECTORS FOR FREQUENCY-DOMAIN MULTIPLEXING READOUT OF FUTURE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND EXPERIMENTS - PHASE I FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT},
author = {Truitt, Patrick},
abstractNote = {HYPRES, Inc. in collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is developing high frequency, compact, integrated superconducting resonators to facilitate frequency-division multiplexing readout of transition edge sensor (TES) bolometers for Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and other experiments. The design and fabrication process being developed will allow the integration of resonators and detectors on a single wafer in a single fabrication flow. The process development aims to work out a high-volume, low-cost, high-yield production to support stage-IV CMB experiments and beyond. The Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel (P5) outlined a strategic plan for US particle physics research over the coming decade in 2014. The panel recommended, "support CMB experiments as part of the core particle physics program. The multidisciplinary nature of the science warrants continued multiagency support." In response to the recommendation, the CMB community started planning CMB Stage IV (CMB-S4), which aims to make definitive measurement of the early universe with ~100,000 detectors. In Phase I, we fabricated test chips that included designs for testing all aspects of the detectors with varying degrees of integration. Included were TES bolometers, LC resonators, resonators coupled to bolometers, and finally complete detector pixels including antenna, bolometer, and LC resonator. In addition, test chips compatible with HYPRES testing facilities were fabricated on the same 6 inch wafers. In this way, HYPRES was able to measure the resonators, while LBNL mainly focused on detector performance and making sure that the integration of the resonators into the process flow did not degrade their performance. The detector performance results were very encouraging, showing that HYPRES was able to maintain excellent quality and uniformity and fabricate TES detectors within design specs even with the additional complexity of the integrated LC resonators. The resonators also worked and showed excellent frequency repeatability, though additional effort is needed to increase their quality factors to ensure that losses in the resonator do not degrade detector performance. With further development, it is anticipated that this project will produce miniaturized, low loss, high frequency superconducting resonators, suitable for a variety of experiments and technologies. The primary motivation is to support the collaboration with LBNL in developing detectors for future Cosmic Microwave Background experiments. However, the use of LC resonators in circuits is ubiquitous, including in frequency modulation as envisioned here, but also in impedance matching, signal processing (filtering, tuning and mixing), and amplifiers. The expertise gained by HYPRES in fabricating superconducting resonators and integrating them with other components on the same wafer will enhance their offerings to both government and commercial customers who rely on HYPRES’ custom superconducting fabrication capabilities.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1469021}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Technical Report:
This technical report may be released as soon as December 24, 2024
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