skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The Relationship between the Relative Solvating Power of Electrolytes and Shuttling Effect of Lithium Polysulfides in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Abstract

Relative solvating power, that is, the ratio of the coordination ratios between a solvent and the reference solvent, was used to probe the quantitative structure–activity relationship of electrolyte solvents and the lithium polysulfide (LiPS) dissolution in lithium–sulfur batteries. Internally referenced diffusion-ordered nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (IR-DOSY) was used to determine the diffusion coefficient and coordination ratio, from which the relative solvating power can be easily measured. The higher the relative solvating power of an ethereal solvent, the more severe will be the LiPS dissolution and the lower the coulombic efficiency of the lithium–sulfur battery. A linear relationship was established between the logarithm of relative solvating power of a solvent and the degree of LiPS dissolution, rendering relative solvating power an important parameter in choosing the electrolyte solvent for lithium–sulfur batteries.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave. Argonne IL 60439 USA
  2. Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave. Argonne IL 60439 USA
  3. Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave. Argonne IL 60439 USA; Material Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford CA 94305 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Vehicle Technology
OSTI Identifier:
1468618
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 37; Journal ID: ISSN 1433-7851
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Su, Chi-Cheung, He, Meinan, Amine, Rachid, Chen, Zonghai, and Amine, Khalil. The Relationship between the Relative Solvating Power of Electrolytes and Shuttling Effect of Lithium Polysulfides in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/anie.201807367.
Su, Chi-Cheung, He, Meinan, Amine, Rachid, Chen, Zonghai, & Amine, Khalil. The Relationship between the Relative Solvating Power of Electrolytes and Shuttling Effect of Lithium Polysulfides in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201807367
Su, Chi-Cheung, He, Meinan, Amine, Rachid, Chen, Zonghai, and Amine, Khalil. Fri . "The Relationship between the Relative Solvating Power of Electrolytes and Shuttling Effect of Lithium Polysulfides in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201807367.
@article{osti_1468618,
title = {The Relationship between the Relative Solvating Power of Electrolytes and Shuttling Effect of Lithium Polysulfides in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries},
author = {Su, Chi-Cheung and He, Meinan and Amine, Rachid and Chen, Zonghai and Amine, Khalil},
abstractNote = {Relative solvating power, that is, the ratio of the coordination ratios between a solvent and the reference solvent, was used to probe the quantitative structure–activity relationship of electrolyte solvents and the lithium polysulfide (LiPS) dissolution in lithium–sulfur batteries. Internally referenced diffusion-ordered nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (IR-DOSY) was used to determine the diffusion coefficient and coordination ratio, from which the relative solvating power can be easily measured. The higher the relative solvating power of an ethereal solvent, the more severe will be the LiPS dissolution and the lower the coulombic efficiency of the lithium–sulfur battery. A linear relationship was established between the logarithm of relative solvating power of a solvent and the degree of LiPS dissolution, rendering relative solvating power an important parameter in choosing the electrolyte solvent for lithium–sulfur batteries.},
doi = {10.1002/anie.201807367},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1468618}, journal = {Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)},
issn = {1433-7851},
number = 37,
volume = 57,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Metal-Organic Frameworks for High Charge-Discharge Rates in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, February 2018


Challenges for rechargeable batteries
journal, August 2011


Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, November 2001


Lithium–sulfur batteries—the solution is in the electrolyte, but is the electrolyte a solution?
journal, January 2014


Confining Sulfur in Double-Shelled Hollow Carbon Spheres for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, August 2012


Understanding the Effect of a Fluorinated Ether on the Performance of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, April 2015


Role of Mixed Solvation and Ion Pairing in the Solution Structure of Lithium Ion Battery Electrolytes
journal, June 2015


Review—Li Metal Anode in Working Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, June 2017


Porous carbon-sulfur composite cathode for lithium/sulfur cells
journal, April 2012


Challenges and Prospects of Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, June 2012


Building better batteries
journal, February 2008


Advances in Li–S batteries
journal, January 2010


Unique behaviour of nonsolvents for polysulphides in lithium–sulphur batteries
journal, January 2014


Thermodynamic analysis on energy densities of batteries
journal, January 2011


Metal-Organic Frameworks for High Charge-Discharge Rates in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, February 2018


Internally Referenced DOSY-NMR: A Novel Analytical Method in Revealing the Solution Structure of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes
journal, June 2018


Rechargeable Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, July 2014


Efficient Polysulfide Chemisorption in Covalent Organic Frameworks for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, September 2016


Covalent-organic frameworks: potential host materials for sulfur impregnation in lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, January 2014


Nonaqueous Liquid Electrolytes for Lithium-Based Rechargeable Batteries
journal, October 2004


Role of Solution Structure in Solid Electrolyte Interphase Formation on Graphite with LiPF 6 in Propylene Carbonate
journal, November 2013


Electrolytes and Interphases in Li-Ion Batteries and Beyond
journal, October 2014


Tuning the Adsorption of Polysulfides in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries with Metal–Organic Frameworks
journal, May 2017


Electrical energy storage for transportation—approaching the limits of, and going beyond, lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2012


Li–O2 and Li–S batteries with high energy storage
journal, January 2012


Polycation Binders: An Effective Approach toward Lithium Polysulfide Sequestration in Li–S Batteries
journal, October 2017


Bis(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl) Ether As an Electrolyte Co-solvent for Mitigating Self-Discharge in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, May 2014


Confining Sulfur in Double-Shelled Hollow Carbon Spheres for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, August 2012


A review of electrolytes for lithium–sulphur batteries
journal, June 2014


A strategic approach to recharging lithium-sulphur batteries for long cycle life
journal, December 2013


Insight into lithium–metal anodes in lithium–sulfur batteries with a fluorinated ether electrolyte
journal, January 2015


The Li-Ion Rechargeable Battery: A Perspective
journal, January 2013


Improved performance of lithium–sulfur battery with fluorinated electrolyte
journal, December 2013


Advanced chemical strategies for lithium–sulfur batteries: A review
journal, January 2018


Sparingly Solvating Electrolytes for High Energy Density Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
journal, August 2016